Pinyin 拼音

12. Compound Vowels ue/üe, uan, un


We have learned finals which are single vowels a, o, e, i, u, ü. Now we start to learn finals with "compound vowels". These vowels are formed by one of the six single vowels and other letters. In this lesson we will learn compound vowels starting with ü- (yu-): ue/üe, uan, un and common Chinese characters whose pinyin are based on these finals.
  • ü - as in German "über" or French "lune" (To pronounce this sound, say "ee" with rounded lips); if no initial, it is yu
  • ue/üe - as ü + ê; the ü is short and light. If after j, q, x, y it is written as ue. After l, n(only these two), it is written as üe, the original form. If no initial, it is yue
  • uan(i.e. üan) - ="ü" + "an" with "an" broader, as in "man", "manager". This sound occurs only after j, q, x, y, and is then spelled with a "u" not "ü". Note, when it is after l, n, it is actually uan i.e.u is "wu" not ü. If no initial, it is yuan
  • un - ="ü" + "n". Only occurs after j, q, x, y", and is then spelled with a "u" not "ü". Note, when it is after l, n, it is actually un i.e.u is "wu" not ü. If no initial, it is yun

Click to each pinyin below to listen to its sound and say it as close as you can. Pay attention to tones.

          ju  juē  jué    juè    juān    juǎn  juàn    jūn      jùn  
            quē  qué    què    quān  quán  quǎn  quàn    qūn  qún      
          xu  xuē  xué  xuě  xuè    xuān  xuán  xuǎn  xuàn    xūn  xún    xùn  
          yu  yuē    yuě  yuè    yuān  yuán  yuǎn  yuàn    yūn  yún  yǔn  yùn  
                  lüè      luán  luǎn  luàn    lūn  lún    lùn  
                  nüè        nuǎn