12. Compound Vowels ue/üe, uan, un
We have learned finals which are single vowels a, o, e, i, u, ü
. Now we start to learn finals with "compound vowels".
These vowels are formed by one of the six single vowels and other letters. In this lesson we will learn compound vowels starting with ü- (yu-): ue/üe, uan, un
common Chinese characters whose pinyin are based on these finals.
- ü - as in German "über" or French "lune" (To pronounce this sound, say "ee" with rounded lips); if no initial, it is yu
- ue/üe - as ü + ê; the ü is short and light. If after j, q, x, y it is written as ue. After l, n(only these two), it is written as üe, the original form. If no initial, it is yue
- uan(i.e. üan) - ="ü" + "an" with "an" broader, as in "man", "manager". This sound occurs only after j, q, x, y, and is then spelled with a "u" not "ü". Note, when it is after l, n, it is actually uan i.e.u is "wu" not ü. If no initial, it is yuan
- un - ="ü" + "n". Only occurs after j, q, x, y", and is then spelled with a "u" not "ü". Note, when it is after l, n, it is actually un i.e.u is "wu" not ü. If no initial, it is yun
Click to each pinyin below to listen to its sound and say it as close as you can. Pay attention to tones.
| jū|| jú|| jǔ|| jù|| ju|| juē|| jué|| || juè|| || juān|| || juǎn|| juàn|| || jūn|| || || jùn|| |
| qū|| qú|| qǔ|| qù|| || quē|| qué|| || què|| || quān|| quán|| quǎn|| quàn|| || qūn|| qún|| || || |
| xū|| xú|| xǔ|| xù|| xu|| xuē|| xué|| xuě|| xuè|| || xuān|| xuán|| xuǎn|| xuàn|| || xūn|| xún|| || xùn|| |
| yū|| yú|| yǔ|| yù|| yu|| yuē|| || yuě|| yuè|| || yuān|| yuán|| yuǎn|| yuàn|| || yūn|| yún|| yǔn|| yùn|| |
| || lǘ|| lǚ|| lǜ|| || || || || lüè|| || || luán|| luǎn|| luàn|| || lūn|| lún|| || lùn|| |
| || || nǚ|| nǜ|| || || || || nüè|| || || || nuǎn|| || || || || || || |