Pinyin 拼音

8. Compound Vowels ou, ong, iu, iong


We have learned finals which are single vowels a, o, e, i, u, ü. Now we start to learn finals with "compound vowels". These vowels are formed by one of the six single vowels and other letters. In this lesson we will learn ou, ong, iu(=iou), iong and common Chinese characters whose pinyin are based on these finals.
  • ou - like so or no. If no initial, it is ou
  • ong - as u + eng in zero initial; roughly like own. If no initial, it is weng
  • iu - same as "i + ou"; as in you. If no initial, it is you
  • iong - "yee" + "ong". If no initial, it is yong

Click to each pinyin below to listen to its sound and say it as close as you can. Pay attention to tones.

  ōu    ǒu  òu                                
        còu    cōng  cóng                          
  dōu    dǒu  dòu    dōng    dǒng  dòng    diū                  
      fǒu                                  
  gōu    gǒu  gòu    gōng    gǒng  gòng                      
    hóu  hǒu  hòu    hōng  hóng  hǒng  hòng                      
                      jiū    jiǔ  jiù  jiu  jiōng    jiǒng    
  kōu    kǒu  kòu    kōng    kǒng  kòng                      
    lóu  lǒu  lòu  lou    lóng  lǒng      liū  liú  liǔ  liù            
  mōu  móu  mǒu                      miù            
        nòu      nóng    nòng    niū  niú  niǔ  niù            
  pōu  póu  pǒu                                  
                      qiū  qiú  qiǔ      qiōng  qióng      
    róu    ròu      róng  rǒng                        
  sōu    sǒu  sòu    sōng    sǒng  sòng                      
  tōu  tóu    tòu    tōng  tóng  tǒng  tòng                      
                      xiū    xiǔ  xiù    xiōng  xióng      
  yōu  yóu  yǒu  yòu    yōng  yóng  yǒng  yòng                      
  zōu    zǒu  zòu    zōng    zǒng  zòng                      
  chōu  chóu  chǒu  chòu    chōng  chóng  chǒng  chòng                      
  shōu    shǒu  shòu                                
  zhōu  zhóu  zhǒu  zhòu  zhou  zhōng    zhǒng  zhòng