形近字 - Characters of Similar Shape

形近字 - Characters of Similar Shape】Some Chinese characters look very similar in shape. They are easy to confuse. They look similiar in shape but each may have a different meaning and pronunciation. They cannot be interchanged. Table above list most common characters in HSK which are easy to confuse.

To differentiate them, (1) carefully examine similarities and differences between them in terms of SIM (Sound, Image and Meaning); and practise how to write them. For example, 已 and 己 are so similar that it is hard to find the difference. First one is as in 经(jīng); and the second one is as in 自己(jǐ). (2) remember phrases which contain these characters; and even sentences which contain all these characters. For example, for about 己 and 已, remember phrases 自己 and 已经. A sentence such as "我自己 已经会做饭了" would be even more helpful.

HSK4级【HSK标准课程4A 六、一分钱、一分货(1)《聊购物的经历》】

44 (1)估计 计划 计算机 (2)果汁
划每天喝果I plan to drink juice everyday.
  估计 gūjì : estimate; figure approximately ★ an estimate
  计划 jìhuà : plan ★ plan to do sth
  计算机 jìsuànjī : computer

34 (1)历史 经历 (2)厉害
他真害!史考了一百分。He is really awesome! He scored 100 points in history.
  历史 lìshǐ : history
  经历 jīnglì : go through; experience; undergo ★ one's past experiences