形近字 - Characters of Similar Shape

形近字 - Characters of Similar Shape】Some Chinese characters look very similar in shape. They are easy to confuse. They look similiar in shape but each may have a different meaning and pronunciation. They cannot be interchanged. Table above list most common characters in HSK which are easy to confuse.

To differentiate them, (1) carefully examine similarities and differences between them in terms of SIM (Sound, Image and Meaning); and practise how to write them. For example, 已 and 己 are so similar that it is hard to find the difference. First one is as in 经(jīng); and the second one is as in 自己(jǐ). (2) remember phrases which contain these characters; and even sentences which contain all these characters. For example, for about 己 and 已, remember phrases 自己 and 已经. A sentence such as "我自己 已经会做饭了" would be even more helpful.

HSK4级【HSK标准课程4A 六、一分钱、一分货(4)《书店打折》】

42 (1)到处 好处 (2) 另外
国学习有好There are many benefits to study abroad.
  到处 dàochù : everywhere
  好处 hǎochu : good point; advantage

14 (1)打电话 说话 普通话 对话 笑话 (2)活动 活泼 生活
他打电告诉我今晚有动。He called me there is an activity tonight.
  打电话 dǎ diànhuà : make a phone call
  说话 shuōhuà : speak; talk; say
  普通话 pǔtōnghuà : Mandarin Chinese
  对话 duìhuà : dialogue
  笑话 xiàohua : joke ★ laugh at; mock