形近字 - Characters of Similar Shape

形近字 - Characters of Similar Shape】Some Chinese characters look very similar in shape. They are easy to confuse. They look similiar in shape but each may have a different meaning and pronunciation. They cannot be interchanged. Table above list most common characters in HSK which are easy to confuse.

To differentiate them, (1) carefully examine similarities and differences between them in terms of SIM (Sound, Image and Meaning); and practise how to write them. For example, 已 and 己 are so similar that it is hard to find the difference. First one is as in 经(jīng); and the second one is as in 自己(jǐ). (2) remember phrases which contain these characters; and even sentences which contain all these characters. For example, for about 己 and 已, remember phrases 自己 and 已经. A sentence such as "我自己 已经会做饭了" would be even more helpful.

HSK4级【HSK标准课程4A 七、最好的医生是你自己(2)《聊抽烟》】

42 (1)到处 好处 (2) 另外
国学习有好There are many benefits to study abroad.
  到处 dàochù : everywhere
  好处 hǎochu : good point; advantage

44 (1)不仅 (2)反对 相反
我不自己不说假话,也对别人说假话。I not only don't lie myself but also I am against anyone else who lies.
  不仅 bùjǐn : not only

44 (1)反对 相反 (2)及时 来不及 来得及
对不好的建议,我们要对。We should promptly oppose the bad advice.
  反对 fǎnduì : be against; object to
  相反 xiāngfǎn : opposite; contrary; adverse; reverse; inverse; opposed; on the contrary

14 (1)老师 律师 师傅 (2)
我们数学老Our math teacher is very handsome.
  老师 lǎoshī : teacher
  律师 lǜshī : lawyer
  师傅 shīfu : used to address strangers in everyday life, similar to “mister” or “sir”