HSK0级【学校(1) The school】Book 2 ~ 2/9

   
生词 New Words
高一 gāoyī : Grade one of High School (total 3 years in China)
初中 chūzhōng : junior high school
初三 chūsān : third year in junir high school
拿出 náchū : to take out
: to be afraid; to be fear
yuán : RMB Yuan
中学 zhōngxué : middle school.
hóng : red
现在 xiànzài : now; nowadays; today; at present
: read
年级 niánjí : grade.
学习 xuéxí : study; learn
毕业 bìyè : graduate
考试 kǎoshì : examination / take a test
duì : right; correct
每天 měitiān : every day; everyday.
ràng : let; allow; make; ask
zuò : make; produce; be; become, to do
měi : every; each
jiǔ : old; for a long time
图书馆 túshūguǎn : library
jiè : borrow; lend
shū : book

课文 Text
李元:你好!我叫3城市3中学高一学生1
张红:我也是,我叫32 现在11初中年级3
李元:初三学习1是不是很2 六月要毕业4考试22
张红:2。老师每天2我们1很多作业3 2星期11考试2 我很3没有去图书馆331了。




语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊是城市中学高一的学生
Chinese abbreviations. In English abbreviation is usually created by taking first letter of each meaningful word then make it capital. Since Chinese is not alphabetical, the abbreviation is a bit tricky. Basically it takes some characters of the long phrase and becomes a fixed one which people accept.
    中国 China abbr. for 中华人民共和国 (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) People's Republic of China
    高一 Grade One of High School abbr. for 年级 Gāozhōng yī niánjí
    初三 Grade 3 or Junior High School abbr. for 年级 Chūzhòng sān niánjí

➋初三学习是不是很忙?
Affirmative-negative question: Verb/Adj + 不 + Verb/Adj. This is a very common way in Chinese to raise a question. It is similar to English like "... do something or not?".
    你是不是小高? Nǐ shì bù shì Xiǎogāo? - Are you Mr Gao?
    你去不去 Nǐ qù bù qù? - Do you go or not?
    你要不要吃苹果? Nǐ yào bù yào chī píngguǒ? - Don't you want an apple?
    他好不好 Tā hǎo bù hǎo? - Is he nice?
    我高不高 Wǒ gāo bù gāo? - Am I tall?

➌六月要毕业考试了吧?
sentence + 吧 - to soften the suggestion
When you have a command asking someone to do something, use 吧 in the end to make the suggestion soften and more polite.
    我们去跳舞 Wǒmen qù tiàowǔ ba. - Let's go dancing.
    你和你同学一起打 Nǐ hé nǐ tóngxué yīqǐ dǎ ba. - You and your classmate can play together.

➍对。老师每天让我们做很多作业
对 Correct. 对 can be used to give an affirmative answer to the question in the context. It basically confirms what is mentioned before in the question.
    你小高吗?对。 Nǐ shì xiǎogāo ma? Duì. - Are you Mr Gao? Yes (I am Mr Gao).
    你不去学习吗?对。 Nǐ bù qù xuéxí ma? Duì. - You are not going to study, are you? No. I won't. (In Chinese, "correct" i.e. I will not go to study.).

让 "to have someone to do something".
    妈妈孩子睡觉了。 Māma ràng háizi shuìjiàole. - The mother put the child to bed.






Exercise 练习

HSK0级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK0级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK0级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK0级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound