HSK0级【代词 Pronun】Book 2 ~ 7/9

   
生词 New Words
客气 kèqi : polite; courteous; formal; modest
坐下 zuòxia : to sit down
: I; me
: you
我们 wǒmen : we; us
: he; him
: she; her
他们 tāmen : they, them
: it; its
nín : you or your (used to address someone with respect)
自己 zìjǐ : oneself; self; one's own
rén : human being; person; people
大家 dàjiā : everyone;everybody
ba : (modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise); ...right?; ...OK?
zhè : this; here
苹果 píngguǒ : apple
: that
香蕉 xiāngjiāo : banana
měi : every; each
shéi : who(m)
怎么 zěnme : inquiring for property, condition, way, and cause, etc.
认识 rènshi : get to know; get acquainted with
jiào : call(ed) (followed by a name)
什么 shénme : what
名字 míngzi : name; title
bái : white; in vain
hóng : red
哪里 nǎlǐ : where.
gāo : tall; high
ài : love ★ like doing sth.
zhù : live; stay; dwell
: which ( used in front of a measure word)
房间 fángjiān : room
: how many
一起 yìqǐ : together
怎么样 zěnmeyàng : How about it? What do you think?
多少 duōshao : how many; how much

课文 Text
1是学生,1是学生, 我们1都是学生。 1是老师,1是老师, 他们都是老师。 2是小狗,是我的朋友。

孩子:爷爷,2请坐
爷爷:好孩子,1也坐。
奶奶:我们都是自己31,不要客气 大家2坐下2

1苹果11香蕉3 1苹果1大,1香蕉3小。 大家2不要客气 2人都吃一个水果吧

小高:你是1怎么1认识1你?1什么1名字1
小白:我122 我是昨天来的。 我也不认识1你。 你是哪里1
小高:我叫21,北京人。11房间2 1个人和你一起21
小白:我11房间2 有三个人和我一起21怎么样1?有多少1人和你1


语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊爷爷,您请坐
. It is "you" but with respect.
    老师,早! Lǎoshī, nín zǎo! - Good morning! Teacher.

➋大家都坐下吧
sentence + 吧 - to soften the suggestion
When you have a command asking someone to do something, use 吧 in the end to make the suggestion soften and more polite.
    我们去跳舞 Wǒmen qù tiàowǔ ba. - Let's go dancing.
    你和你同学一起打 Nǐ hé nǐ tóngxué yīqǐ dǎ ba. - You and your classmate can play together.

➌每人都吃一个水果吧
每 each/every. Usually a measure word is needed after it and before a noun. Sometimes 都 is needed in the sentence. The structure is 每 + Measure Word + Noun + 都.
    个人都来了! Měi gè rén dōu láile! - Everyone has come!
    我年都去北京 Wǒ měinián dōu qù Běijīng. - I go to Beijing every year.

➍我怎么不认识你?
怎么. It means "how" and also "why".
    这个字怎么写? Zhège zì zěnme xiě? - How to write this character?
    你怎么认识他的? Nǐ zěnme rènshì tā de? - How did you know him?
    他怎么没上班? Tā zěnme méi shàngbān? - Why didn't he go to work?

➎我是昨天来的。
是...的 to emphasize. Something in between 是 and 的 is the item to be emphasized. It could be a sentence or a phrase.
    我来吃饭 Wǒ shì lái chīfàn de. - I came here for food.
    她的头发 Tā de tóufa shì hóng de. - Her hair is red.
    你怎么来 Nǐ shì zěnme lái de? - How did you come?

➏你是哪里人?
location name + 人: person from that location. In Chinese, when you want to express "I am from ...(a location name such as city)", just use "... + 人". Location name can be a country, a city or a geographic name.
    你是哪儿人 Nǐ shì nǎ'er rén? - Where are you from?
    我是中国人 Wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén. - I am Chinese (I am from China).
    我是上海人 Wǒ shì Shànghǎi rén. - I am from Shanghai.
    我是北方人 Wǒ shì běifāng rén. - I am from northern part (of the country).

➐几个人和你一起住?
几 (jǐ): how much; how many; several; a few. In a question, it means "how much, how many". In a statement, it means "a few, several". From quantity point of view, 几 refers to small numbers from 1 to 9.
    你有本书? Nǐ yǒu jǐ běn shū? - How many books do you have?
    我有本书,你看吗? Wǒ yǒu jǐ běn shū, nǐ kàn ma? - I have several books. Do you want to read?
    这是 Zhè shì jǐ? - How much is this?

➑有多少人和你住?
多少 (duōshao): how much; how many; which (number). 几 (jǐ) means how much or how many in small quantity. For big quantity, use 多少.
    学校有多少学生? Xuéxiào yǒu duōshǎo xuéshēng? - How many students are there at school?






Exercise 练习

HSK0级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK0级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK0级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK0级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound