HSK0级【食物 Food】Book 1 ~ 4/9

一级生词11个. 二级生词5个. 三级生词6个. 四级生词2个. 五级生词2个. 新生词7个.
   
生词 New Words
Wáng : surname Wang.
: surname Li.
喜欢 xǐhuan : like or be interested in (sb. or sth.)
chī : eat
什么 shénme : what ★ express explicit meaning, referring to the thing uncertain or unspoken
米饭 mǐfàn : cooked rice
zhāng : classifier for flat objects, sheet. ★ open up ★ surname
面条 miàntiáo : noodle
饺子 jiǎozi : dumpling.
dōu : all ★ used to emphasize ★ already
: also
包子 bāozi : steamed stuffed bun.
ròu : meat; flesh; pulp (of a fruit).
: and ★ with
蔬菜 shūcài : vegetables, produce
水果 shuǐguǒ : fruit
zuì : the most
苹果 píngguǒ : apple
香蕉 xiāngjiāo : banana
西瓜 xīguā : watermelon
niú : ox; cow
面包 miànbāo : bread
鸡蛋 jīdàn : egg
蛋糕 dàngāo : cake
: drink
chá : tea (liquid drink/tea leaves)
shuǐ : water
啤酒 píjiǔ : beer
葡萄 pútao : grape
牛奶 niúnǎi : milk
: chicken
yáng : lamb, goat
jiǔ : liquor

课文 Text
:小,你喜欢11什么1
:我喜欢1米饭1
:小3,你喜欢吃什么1
小张:我喜欢吃面条3
小王:你们喜欢吃饺子4吗?
小李:我们1喜欢吃饺子 2喜欢吃包子5

小王:你们1喜欢吃1蔬菜5吗?
:我喜欢1蔬菜5 2喜欢吃水果12喜欢苹果1香蕉3西瓜2 我不喜欢1
3:我喜欢11 肉、肉、肉我1喜欢 我不喜欢吃蔬菜5 2不喜欢吃水果1
小张:小,你喜欢吃什么?
小王:我喜欢吃面包3鸡蛋2蛋糕3

小王:你们喜欢1什么?
小李:我喜欢111
小张:我喜欢喝啤酒3葡萄4
小李:小,你喜欢喝什么?
小王:我喜欢喝牛奶2


语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你喜欢吃什么?
喜欢 something/verb phrase. "like something/to do something". In Chinese verb phrase (Verb + Object) can act as anything. For example, it can be an abject after 喜欢, which is like "like to do something" in English.
    我喜欢吃米饭 Wǒ xǐhuān chī mǐfàn. - I like to eat rice.

➋都喜欢吃饺子
Adverb 都 (dōu) before verb phrase: (1) all; (2) emphasizing .
(1) Adverb 都 can mean "all" in Chinese. Note it is before verb phrase.
    我们喜欢吃饺子 Wǒmen dōu xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - We both like dumplings.
(2) You can use 都 (dōu) to emphasize the quantity of something or timing of some action.
    你玩了好几个小时了。 Nǐ dōu wánle hǎojǐ gè xiǎoshíliǎo. - You have been playing for hours.
    我不知道你买车了。 Wǒ dū bù zhīdào nǐ mǎi chēle. - I don't even know that you bought a car.

➌也喜欢吃包子
. Adverb 也 means "also; too; as well; either". Unlike English, it shoud be used before verb phrase.
    我喜欢吃饺子 Wǒ yě xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - I like dumpling too.
    他也不喜欢喝茶 Tā yě bù xǐhuān hē chá. - He does not like tea either.

➍肉和蔬菜
"and" to connect nouns. 和 "and" is often used to connect two nouns or noun phrases. Note don't use it to connect two sentences or clauses.
    我喜欢苹果西瓜。 Wǒ xǐhuān píngguǒ hé xīguā. - I like apple and watermelon.
    学校里有老师学生。 Xuéxiào li yǒu lǎoshī hé xuéshēng - There are teachers and students at school.

➎我最喜欢苹果、香蕉和西瓜
最 + Psychological Verb (e.g.喜欢) .... "most (likes)...". Note, don't use it for non-psychological verbs.
    我最喜欢吃苹果 Wǒ zuì xǐhuān chī píngguǒ - I like to eat apple the best.
    他最不喜欢吃水果 Tā zuì bù xǐhuān chī shuǐguǒ - Fruit is his least favorite food.

➏鸡肉、牛肉、羊肉我都喜欢
Object before sentence for emphasis - To emphasize the object, the object can be put before the sentence.
    鸡肉、牛肉、羊肉我都喜欢。 Jīròu, niúròu, yángròu wǒ dū xǐhuān - I like chicken, beef and lamb.
    蔬菜、水果他都不吃。 Shūcài, shuǐguǒ tā dōu bù chī. - He does not eat vegetables nor fruits.






Exercise 练习

HSK0级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK0级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK0级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK0级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound