生词 New Words：
你好 nǐhǎo : Hello!; Hi!; How are you?
叫 jiào : call(ed) (followed by a name)
谢 Xiè : surname
家 jiā : home; family; household ★ used for families, restaurants, hotels or companies
飞 fēi : to fly.
很 hěn : very
高兴 gāoxìng : happy; glad; cheerful; pleased
认识 rènshi : get to know; get acquainted with
早上好 zǎoshanghǎo : Good morning!
早 zǎo : early; morning; Good morning!; long ago; prematurely.
晚上好 wǎnshànghǎo : Good evening!
再见 zàijiàn : goodbye
明天见 míngtiānjiàn : see you tomorrow
晚安 wǎn'n : Good night!; Good evening!
女儿 nǚ'ér : daughter
对不起 duìbuqǐ : I'm sorry.
没关系 méi guānxi : That’s all right. You are welcome
好 hǎo : good; nice; well; fine ★ ok; please ★ very
请 qǐng : please
坐 zuò : sit ★ travel by (a vehicle)
上课 shàngkè : to go to class; to teach a class
谢谢 xièxie : thank
帮 bāng : to help; to assist; to support
别客气 biékèqì : don't mention it; no formalities, please
喂 wèi : hello; hey; hi ★ wèi: hello; hey;hi
请问 qǐngwèn : Excuse me, may I ask...?
就 jiù : at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then ★ jiù: indicating certainty; right on ★ jiù: immediately; right now; right away
谁 shéi : who(m)
女士 nǚshì : lady; madam
先生 xiānsheng : (addressing) Mr.; Mister; sir
好久不见 hǎojiǔbujiàn : Long time no see
最近 zuìjìn : recently; of late; lately
怎么样 zěnmeyàng : How about it？ What do you think？
忙 máng : busy ★ máng: be busy doing sth.
课文 Text 你好★➊！ 我叫1谢★家1家。
语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你好你好! "Hello" for all situations
. “How are you? Hello". Literally "you good". It can be used in almost all situations.
➋我叫高飞飞我叫...(name) to introduce oneself
. “My name is ...". This is a way to say full name with surname first, then given name.
谢家家 Wǒ jiào Xiè Jiājiā - My name is Xie Jiajia.
➌我也是我也是 to repeat what is mentioned before
. “me too". It is the same as 我也很高兴认识你
refers to the part mentioned before.
A: 我喜欢吃米饭 A: Wǒ xǐhuān chī mǐfàn - I like to eat rice.
B: 我也是 (=我也喜欢吃米饭
) B: Wǒ yěshì - Me too.
➍早上好！早上好/你早/早: zǎoshang hǎo/nǐ zǎo/zǎo: Good morning
. The formal way is "早上好!". Less formal is "你早!". Casual one is "早" for people who know each other (like "Morning" as greeting).
➎同学们好！同学们好！老师好！ (Tóngxuémen hǎo! Lǎoshī hǎo!): greeting in classroom
. “Hello students!" "Hello Teacher!". These are formal greetings in the morning class for Chinese students (mainly elementary and middle schools).
➏喂，你好喂...to start phone conversation
.“Hello..." greeting word which starts phone conversation. 喂
，我是小王。你是老李吗？ Wèi, wǒ shì Xiǎowáng. Nǐ shì Lǎolǐ ma? - Hello, I am Mr Wang. Are you Mr Li?
➐请问你是谁？请问... to ask questions politely
. “Excuse me.../May I ask..." is used to ask question politely.
请问你是王老师吗？ Qǐngwèn nǐ shì Wáng lǎoshī ma? - Excuse me. Are you Teacher Wang?
请问你多大？ Qǐngwèn nǐ duōdà?- May I ask how old you are?
➑最近怎么样？Adverb as predicate
？:“How are you doing recently?". The same as 最近你
怎么样？你 is dropped since it is implied. Note 怎么样
is adverb meaning "how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?". It acts as predicate in the sentence. No verb "to be" is needed!
？他很好。 Nǐ yéye zěnmeyàng? Tā hěn hǎo. - How is your grandpa? He is very well.