HSK0级【你好! Hello】Book 1 ~ 5/9

   
生词 New Words
你好 nǐhǎo : Hello!; Hi!; How are you?
jiào : call(ed) (followed by a name)
Xiè : surname
jiā : home; family; household ★ used for families, restaurants, hotels or companies
fēi : to fly.
hěn : very
高兴 gāoxìng : happy; glad; cheerful; pleased
认识 rènshi : get to know; get acquainted with
早上好 zǎoshanghǎo : Good morning!
zǎo : early; morning; Good morning!; long ago; prematurely.
晚上好 wǎnshànghǎo : Good evening!
再见 zàijiàn : goodbye
明天见 míngtiānjiàn : see you tomorrow
晚安 wǎn'n : Good night!; Good evening!
女儿 nǚ'ér : daughter
对不起 duìbuqǐ : I'm sorry.
没关系 méi guānxi : That’s all right. You are welcome
hǎo : good; nice; well; fine ★ ok; please ★ very
qǐng : please
zuò : sit ★ travel by (a vehicle)
上课 shàngkè : to go to class; to teach a class
谢谢 xièxie : thank
bāng : to help; to assist; to support
别客气 biékèqì : don't mention it; no formalities, please
wèi : hello; hey; hi ★ wèi: hello; hey;hi
请问 qǐngwèn : Excuse me, may I ask...?
jiù : at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then ★ jiù: indicating certainty; right on ★ jiù: immediately; right now; right away
shéi : who(m)
女士 nǚshì : lady; madam
先生 xiānsheng : (addressing) Mr.; Mister; sir
好久不见 hǎojiǔbujiàn : Long time no see
最近 zuìjìn : recently; of late; lately
怎么样 zěnmeyàng : How about it? What do you think?
máng : busy ★ máng: be busy doing sth.

课文 Text
你好! 我11家。
你好! 我叫高
飞,1高兴1认识1你!
我也是

小王,早上好
老李,

老高,晚上好
小张,晚上好!

小李,再见1
小高,明天见

爸爸妈妈,晚安
女儿1晚安

老师,对不起1
没关系1

同学们1
老师好!
11。我们上课

谢谢1!谢谢你我。
别客气

1你好请问你是1吗?
2是。请问你是1

女士5们、先生1们,你们1

好久不见最近4怎么样1
是的,好久不见。我12。你怎么样1


语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你好
你好! "Hello" for all situations. “How are you? Hello". Literally "you good". It can be used in almost all situations.

➋我叫高飞飞
我叫...(name) to introduce oneself. “My name is ...". This is a way to say full name with surname first, then given name.
    我谢家家 Wǒ jiào Xiè Jiājiā - My name is Xie Jiajia.

➌我也是
也是 to repeat what is mentioned before. “me too". It is the same as 我也很高兴认识你. refers to the part mentioned before.
    A: 我喜欢吃米饭 A: Wǒ xǐhuān chī mǐfàn - I like to eat rice.
    B: 我也是 (=我也喜欢吃米饭) B: Wǒ yěshì - Me too.

➍早上好!
早上好/你早/早: zǎoshang hǎo/nǐ zǎo/zǎo: Good morning. The formal way is "早上好!". Less formal is "你早!". Casual one is "早" for people who know each other (like "Morning" as greeting).

➎同学们好!
同学们好!老师好! (Tóngxuémen hǎo! Lǎoshī hǎo!): greeting in classroom. “Hello students!" "Hello Teacher!". These are formal greetings in the morning class for Chinese students (mainly elementary and middle schools).

➏喂,你好
...to start phone conversation.“Hello..." greeting word which starts phone conversation.
    ,我是小王。你是老李吗? Wèi, wǒ shì Xiǎowáng. Nǐ shì Lǎolǐ ma? - Hello, I am Mr Wang. Are you Mr Li?

➐请问你是谁?
请问... to ask questions politely. “Excuse me.../May I ask..." is used to ask question politely.
    请问你是王老师吗? Qǐngwèn nǐ shì Wáng lǎoshī ma? - Excuse me. Are you Teacher Wang?
    请问你多大? Qǐngwèn nǐ duōdà?- May I ask how old you are?

➑最近怎么样?
Adverb as predicate. 最近怎么样?:“How are you doing recently?". The same as 最近怎么样?你 is dropped since it is implied. Note 怎么样 is adverb meaning "how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?". It acts as predicate in the sentence. No verb "to be" is needed!
    你爷爷怎么样?他很好。 Nǐ yéye zěnmeyàng? Tā hěn hǎo. - How is your grandpa? He is very well.






Exercise 练习

HSK0级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK0级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK0级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK0级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound