HSK0级【时间(1) The time】Book 1 ~ 8/9

   
生词 New Words
上班 shàngbān : to go to work; to be on duty; to start work; to go to the office
dōu : all; both; entirely; (used for emphasis) even; already; (not) at all
前天 qiántiān : the day before yesterday
后天 hòutiān : the day after tomorrow
hòu : back; behind; rear; afterwards; after; later
明年 míngnián : next year
qián : front; forward; ahead; first; future; ago; before; former; formerly
今天 jīntiān : today ★ now; at present
: day or date
昨天 zuótiān : yesterday
hào : date ★ number
星期天 Xīngqītiān : Sunday.
高兴 gāoxìng : happy; glad; willing (to do sth); in a cheerful mood
北京 Běijīng : Beijing
le : (modal particle intensifying preceding clause); (completed action marker)
: how much; how many; several; a few
早上 zǎoshang : early morning
晚上 wǎnshang : evening; night; in the evening
明天 míngtiān : tomorrow
还有 háiyǒu : in addition.
jiù : at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then
放假 fàngjià : to have a holiday or vacation.
tài : too; excessively
今年 jīnnián : this year.
放暑假 fàng shǔjià : have a summer vacation
yào : to want; to ask for; will; going to (as future auxiliary).
旅游 lǚyóu : travel
去年 qùnián : last year
美国 Měiguó : USA.
法国 Fǎguó : France; French.
liǎng : two
星期 xīngqī : week;
yuè : moon; month; monthly
nián : year

课文 Text
今天1是201816152星期1二。 昨天1是6月41,星期一。 前天6月3号星期天 星期天,爸爸妈妈1上班2

明天16号,后天7号 还有二十三天, 我们学校2放假11高兴11

今年放暑假4 我们2北京1旅游2一个1 去年2我们去1美国1天, 明年我们要去法国旅游22星期1


语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊今天是2018年6月5日
?月? / ?月?: Month and day. ?月?日 is more formal than ?月?号. Latter is often used in spoken Chinese. When day is only mentioned, use 号 instead of 日. Also note, Chinese way is ..年..月..日 year..month..day.
    今天是六月五日/号 Jīntiān shì liù yuè wǔ rì/hào - Today is June 5th.
    我8去北京 我8去北京 Wǒ bā hào qù běijīng. - I will go to Beijing on 8th.

➋前天6月3号
noun as predicate. Unlike English, noun can serve as predicate. No verb or 是 (to be) is needed.
    前天6月3号 Qiántiān liù yuè sān hào. - The day before yesterday is June 3rd.
    明天6号 Míngtiān liù hào. - It is 6th tomorrow.

➌明天6号,后天7号
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➍我们学校就放假了
It is often used as adverb meaning "at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then".
    还有二十三天,我们学校放假了 Hái yǒu èrshísān tiān, wǒmen xuéxiào jiù fàngjiàle. - There are only 23 days left before our school goes for vacation. expresses "right away" here.
    两个星期前,我买了花给她 Liǎng gè xīngqí qián, wǒ jiù mǎile huā gěi tā. - As early as two weeks ago, I bought flowers to her. here means "as early as".

➎我太高兴了!
太 + adj + (了). 太 is "so, very, excessively". Often 了 is needed in the end.
    我高兴 Wǒ tài gāoxìngle! - I am so happy!
    现在 Xiànzài tài wǎnle. - Now it is too late!

➏今年放暑假后
event/time period + (以)前/(以)后. It expresses time before/after an event or time duration.
    今年放暑假 jīnnián fàng shǔjià hòu - after the summer vacation this year
    两个星期 liǎng gè xīngqí qián - two weeks before

➐我们要去北京旅游一个月
要 + action. It means "to want; to ask for; will; going to (as future auxiliary)". When it follows by an action, it usually means "going to" as future auxiliary.
    我们去北京旅游一个月 Wǒmen yào qù Běijīng lǚyóu yīgè yuè. - We are going to travel in Beijing for a month.
    姐姐买一块手表给我 Jiějie yāomǎi yīkuài shǒubiǎo gěi wǒ. - My sister will buy a watch for me.






Exercise 练习

HSK0级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK0级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK0级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK0级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound