HSK1级【HSK Standard Course 1 七、我能坐这儿吗 Can I sit here】Book 5 ~ 7/12

一级词汇32个. 三级生词2个. 五级生词2个. 新生词2个.
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【HSK Standard Course 1 七、我能坐这儿吗 Can I sit here】 10.这儿
办公室3
A:桌子什么
B:桌子有一电脑
A:杯子哪儿
B:杯子桌子

健身房5
A:前面什么名字
B:5医院工作
A:后面 什么名字
B:谢朋,商店工作

图书馆3
A:这儿
B:没有
A:这儿
B:

生词 New Words
办公室 bàngōngshì : office
下面 xiàmiàn : below, under.
健身房 jiànshēnfáng : gym; gymnasium
Wáng : surname Wang.
fāng : place; direction; side; party; square ★ surname Fang
图书馆 túshūguǎn : library

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊桌子上有什么?
(1) Location + 有 . It is like "there to be... in a location" in English.
    中国十三亿人 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - There are 1.3 billion people in China.
    一年12个月 Yī nián yǒu shí'èr gè yuè. - There are 12 months in a year.
(2)Owner + 有 . It is like "someone have/has ..." in English.
    我一个弟弟 Wǒ yǒu yī gè dìdi.- I have a younger brother.

➋桌子上有一个电脑和一本书。
本 measure word. It is used for book-like objects.
    一书,两字典 yī běn shū, liǎng běn zìdiǎn - a book, two dictionaries

➌杯子在桌子下面。
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➍前面那个人叫什么名字?
我叫...(name) to introduce oneself. “My name is ...". This is a way to say full name with surname first, then given name.
    我谢家家 Wǒ jiào Xiè Jiājiā - My name is Xie Jiajia.

➎后面那个人呢?
...边/...面. Literally 面 means "surface" and 边 means "side". But when they were used after a noun, they often have same meaning. And ...边 is often used in spoken Chinese. ...面 is more formal.
    我在你的后/后 Wǒ zài nǐ de hòumian/hòubian. - I am behind you.
    车子里/里有三个人 Chēzi lǐmiàn/lǐbian yǒusān gèrén. - There are three people in the car.
    北京在中国的北/北 Běijīng zài Zhōngguó de běimiàn/běibian. - Beijing is in the northern part of China.

➏我能坐这儿吗?
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?

➐请坐。
请问... to ask questions politely. “Excuse me.../May I ask..." is used to ask question politely.
    请问你是王老师吗? Qǐngwèn nǐ shì Wáng lǎoshī ma? - Excuse me. Are you Teacher Wang?
    请问你多大? Qǐngwèn nǐ duōdà?- May I ask how old you are?

请+(someone)+Verb... to do something politely. Use 请+(someone)+Verb to form an imperative sentence indicating a polite suggestion or hope.
    坐下 Qǐng zuò xià - Please sit down.
    请大家明天七点来学校 Qǐng dàjiā míngtiān qī diǎn lái xuéxiào. - Please come to school at 7 o'clock tomorrow.






Exercise 练习

HSK1级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK1级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK1级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK1级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK1级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound