HSK1级【HSK Standard Course 1 十一、她买了不少衣服】Book 5 ~ 11/12

一级词汇36个. 二级生词1个. 三级生词2个. 五级生词2个. 新生词2个.
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【HSK Standard Course 1 十一、她买了不少衣服】 衣服

宿舍5
A:昨天上午哪儿了?
B:商店东西
A:你什么
B:我苹果

公司2
A:看见3先生
B:看见了,
A:他什么时候
B:40分钟

商店门口
A:5衣服漂亮
B:3衣服
A:什么了?
B:5东西

生词 New Words
宿舍 sùshè : dormitory; dorm room; living quarters
公司 gōngsī : company; firm
zhāng : classifier for flat objects, sheet. ★ open up ★ Zhang: surname
门口 ménkǒu : doorway; gate.
Wáng : surname Wang.
fāng : place; direction ★ side; party ★ square ★ power
a : used to express surprise,exclamation or promise

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊我去商店买东西了。
indicates action has finished. 你们都走了: “You all have gone". particle indicates action has finished.
    他吃饭 Tā chīfànle. - He has had food.
    老师走 Lǎoshī zǒule. - The teacher has gone.

➋他什么时候能回来?
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?

➌40分钟后回来。
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➍王方的衣服太漂亮了!
太 + adj + (了). 太 is "so, very, excessively". Often 了 is needed in the end.
    我高兴 Wǒ tài gāoxìngle! - I am so happy!
    现在 Xiànzài tài wǎnle. - Now it is too late!

➎是啊,她买了不少衣服。
(1) sentence + 啊. The interjection 啊 (a) is to add a tone of urgency, exclamation or excitement. However, the exact meaning often depends on context.
    你好高 Nǐ hào gāo a! - You are really tall!
    好,你来吧 Hǎo a, nǐ lái ba. - Good. Just come over.
    谁 Shéi a? - Who?
(2) list things with 啊(a). You can use 啊(a) to list a bunch of nouns belonging to same category. The structure is A啊, B啊, C啊.... It is informal like "that kind of thing" in English.
    北京,上海,广州等等我都想去。 Běijīng a, Shànghǎi a, Guǎngzhōu a děng děng wǒ dū xiǎng qù. - I want to go places like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou.
    店里有很多水果,香蕉,苹果,西瓜都有。 Diàn li yǒu hěnduō shuǐguǒ, xiāngjiāo a, píngguǒ a, xīguā a dōu yǒu. - There are many fruits in the store such as banana, apple and water melon.

➏我没买,这些都是王方的东西。
Adverb 都 (dōu) before verb phrase: (1) all; (2) emphasizing .
(1) Adverb 都 can mean "all" in Chinese. Note it is before verb phrase.
    我们喜欢吃饺子 Wǒmen dōu xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - We both like dumplings.
(2) You can use 都 (dōu) to emphasize the quantity of something or timing of some action.
    你玩了好几个小时了。 Nǐ dōu wánle hǎojǐ gè xiǎoshíliǎo. - You have been playing for hours.
    我不知道你买车了。 Wǒ dū bù zhīdào nǐ mǎi chēle. - I don't even know that you bought a car.






Exercise 练习

HSK1级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK1级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK1级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK1级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK1级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound