HSK1级【HSK Standard Course 1 三、我会说汉语 I can speak Chinese】Book 5 ~ 3/12

一级词汇38个. 二级生词1个. 三级生词2个. 四级生词1个. 新生词2个.
  慢读  
【HSK Standard Course 1 三、我会说汉语 I can speak Chinese】 五、女儿
学校
A:3
B:3人。
A:你女儿
B:了。

办公室》
A:老师
B:50了。
A:女儿
B:她女儿20

六、我汉语
学校
A:汉语
B:汉语
A:妈妈汉语吗?
B:

厨房4
A:中国好吃2
B:中国好吃2
A:中国
B:

图书馆3
A:汉字
B:
A:怎么
B:对不起

生词 New Words
kǒu : used for people and some animals ★ mouth
: surname Li.
厨房 chúfáng : kitchen
好吃 hǎochī : tasty; delicious.
图书馆 túshūguǎn : library
汉字 Hànzì : Chinese character.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你家有几口人?
(1) Location + 有 . It is like "there to be... in a location" in English.
    中国十三亿人 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - There are 1.3 billion people in China.
    一年12个月 Yī nián yǒu shí'èr gè yuè. - There are 12 months in a year.
(2)Owner + 有 . It is like "someone have/has ..." in English.
    我一个弟弟 Wǒ yǒu yī gè dìdi.- I have a younger brother.

➋我家有三口人。
口(kǒu): [classifier] (1) for things with mouths (people, cannons, wells etc) before noun; (2) for bites or mouthfuls after verb .
    你家有几口人 Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén? - How many people are there in your family?
    院子里有一口井 Yuànzi li yǒu yīkǒu jǐng. - There is a well in the yard.
    我了一苹果。 Wǒ yǎole yīkǒu píngguǒ. - I took a bite of an apple.

➌你女儿几岁了?
几岁/多大 ask age. "How old...". For babies or kids, use "几岁" to ask age; otherwises use 多大.
    他几岁?他一岁。 Tā jǐ suì? Tā yī suì. - How old is he? He is one year old.
    你多大?我十七。 Nǐ duōdà? Wǒ shíqī. - How old are you? I am seventeen.

➍你会说汉语吗?
会 + Verb + Obj: (1) has ability to do something; (2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future .
(1) As an auxiliary word 会 can be used to express an ability that has been LEARNED. It could be cooking, language, driving etc.
    我说中文 Wǒ huì shuō zhōngwén. - I can speak Chinese.
    你开车吗? Nǐ huì kāichē ma? - Can you drive a car?
(2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future
    明天下雨吗? Míngtiān huì xiàyǔ ma? - Will it rain tomorrow?
    我明天打电话给你 Wǒ míngtiān huì dǎ diànhuà gěi nǐ. - I will call you tomorrow.

➎中国菜好吃吗?
Adjective as predicate. Adjective can serve as predicate. No verb is needed. But 很 is often used before adjective to modify it. In English, you don't need to translate it as "very".
    他很高 (Not 他高) Tā hěn gāo. - He is tall.
    爷爷身体不好 Yéye shēntǐ bù hǎo. - Grandpa is not in good health.

➏这个字怎么写?
个 gè. The most common measure word used with nouns.
    十 shí gè bǎi - ten hundreds
    一学生 yīgè xuéshēng - one student






Exercise 练习

HSK1级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK1级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK1级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK1级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK1级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound