HSK1级【HSK Standard Course 1 四、今天几号? What's the date today】Book 5 ~ 4/12

一级词汇24个. 二级生词1个. 三级生词1个. 五级生词1个. 新生词1个.
  慢读  
【HSK Standard Course 1 四、今天几号? What's the date today】 七、今天
银行3
A:2今天
B:今天91
A:今天星期
B:星期

日历5
A:昨天
B:昨天831星期
A:明天
B:明天是92号,星期

咖啡馆儿》
A:明天星期学校
B:学校
A:你学校什么
B:我学校

生词 New Words
咖啡馆 kāfēiguǎn : café; coffee shop
银行 yínháng : bank
wèn : ask.
日历 rìlì : calendar

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊今天几号?
Numeral serves as predicate. In Chinese, numeral can serve as predicate. Unlike English, no verb is needed. Actually almost any word can serve as predicate.
    我十三 Wǒ shísān. - I am thirteen.
    他八岁 Tā bā suì. - He is eight-years old. (八岁 is predicate. Don't add 是 before 十三 or 八岁.)

➋今天9月1号。
?月? / ?月?: Month and day. ?月?日 is more formal than ?月?号. Latter is often used in spoken Chinese. When day is only mentioned, use 号 instead of 日. Also note, Chinese way is ..年..月..日 year..month..day.
    今天是六月五日/号 Jīntiān shì liù yuè wǔ rì/hào - Today is June 5th.
    我8去北京 我8去北京 Wǒ bā hào qù běijīng. - I will go to Beijing on 8th.

➌昨天是几月几号?
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➍我去学校看书。
Verb + Verb phrase. 我去公司工作:“I go to the company to work". Verbs 去公司 and 工作 both serve as predicate. They are called "verbal construction in series". It is like verb + to do/doing... in English. The 2nd verb phrase serves as the purpose of the 1st verb phrase. They cannot swap.
    去医院上班 qù yīyuàn shàngbān - go to hospital to work
    去学校上课 qù xuéxiào shàngkè - go to school to have classes
    去机场到哪里 qù jīchǎng dào nǎlǐ - where to go after arriving at airport






Exercise 练习

HSK1级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK1级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK1级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK1级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK1级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound