HSK1级【HSK Standard Course 1 六、你儿子在哪儿工作? Where does your son work】Book 5 ~ 6/12

一级词汇20个. 二级生词2个. 新生词2个.
  慢读  
【HSK Standard Course 1 六、你儿子在哪儿工作? Where does your son work】 儿子哪儿工作

A:2哪儿
B:小2那儿
A:小2哪儿
B:小2椅子下面

车站
A:哪儿工作
B:学校工作
A:你儿子哪儿工作
B:儿子医院工作 医生

打电话
A:爸爸
B:
A:哪儿
B:他医院

生词 New Words
māo : cat.
gǒu : dog.
下面 xiàmiàn : below, under.
车站 chēzhàn : rail station; bus stop.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊小猫在哪儿?
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➋小狗在哪儿?
哪儿/哪里. “where". It is used to raise a question about location.
    哪儿/哪里有饺子?饭店里有。 Nǎ'er/nǎli yǒu jiǎozi? Fàndiàn li yǒu. - Where is dumpling? Restaurants have dumplings.

➌小狗在椅子下面。
...边/...面. Literally 面 means "surface" and 边 means "side". But when they were used after a noun, they often have same meaning. And ...边 is often used in spoken Chinese. ...面 is more formal.
    我在你的后/后 Wǒ zài nǐ de hòumian/hòubian. - I am behind you.
    车子里/里有三个人 Chēzi lǐmiàn/lǐbian yǒusān gèrén. - There are three people in the car.
    北京在中国的北/北 Běijīng zài Zhōngguó de běimiàn/běibian. - Beijing is in the northern part of China.

➍他在哪儿呢?
呢 (ne): particle.It has several applications when it is used in the end of sentence.
(1) indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word, like "What about ...?", "And ...?"
    我睡觉了,你 Wǒ shuìjiàole, nǐ ne? - I go to sleep. How about you?
(2) inquiring about location, like "Where is ...?"
    我的书 Wǒ de shū ne? - Where is my book?
(3) signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board, like "ok?", "are you with me?"
    你想踢足球,还是打篮球
    Nǐ xiǎng tī zúqiú ne, háishì dǎ lánqiú ne? - Will you play soccer or basketball?






Exercise 练习

HSK1级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK1级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK1级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK1级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK1级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound