HSK2级【他们多有爱!How much love they have! (joke)】Book 6 ~ 2/13

二级词汇13个. 一级词汇19个. 三级生词4个. 四级生词2个. 五级生词1个. 新生词7个.
   
一天晚上,我 饭店 前面 老年人 他们 3大床 但是现在 客人3 饭店 只有43单人床 丈夫说:“你知道吗? 42 ,我 妻子 一张床上的。 妻子服务员说: “你们3张床4一点,好吗?” 服务员说没问题 饭店 的人 有人说:“ ,他们 !”

这时妻子小声丈夫说:“现在 了。 要是5睡觉 打呼噜一样3可以踢你。

生词 New Words
只有 zhǐyǒu : only.
单人床 dānrénchuáng : single bed.
小声 xiǎoshēng : in whispers.
: particle marking the following noun as a direct object.
: pull.
打呼噜 dǎhūlu : to snore.
zhāng : classifier for flat objects, sheet.
一点 yīdiǎn : a bit; a little.一点儿=一点.
老年人 lǎoniánrén : old people; the elderly.
客人 kèrén : visitor; guest; customer; client.
有人 yǒurén : someone.
这时 zhèshí : at this time; at this moment.
要是 yàoshi : if.
一样 yīyàng : same; like; equal to; the same as; just like.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊有一天晚上,我去一家饭店。
家 measure word. It is used for establishments such as companies, restaurants, shops etc.
    一公司,一饭店,三超市
    yījiā gōngsī, yījiā fàndiàn, sānjiā chāoshì - a company, a restaurant, three supermarkets

➋在我前面有一对老年人
Nouns of locality. Nouns of locality show direction or location. Monosyllabic locality often goes after a noun. Disyllabic locality can serve as subject, object and atributive.
    杯子有牛奶 Bēizi li yǒu niúnǎi. - There is milk in the cup.
    孩子坐在电视机前面 Háizi zuò zài diànshìjī qiánmiàn. - The child sits in front of the TV.

➌他们想要一张大床
张 measure word. It is used for objects made of paper, or with a flat object; such as paper, ticket, table, bed etc.
    一纸, 一票, 一桌子, 一
     yī zhāng zhǐ, yī zhāng piào, yī zhāng zhuōzi, yī zhāng chuáng - a sheet of paper, a ticket, a table, a bed

➍饭店只有两张单人床。
只有 + noun/verb phrase. 只有 (zhǐyǒu) means "only" before a noun. But it can mean "only if" if before a verb phrase, and usually pairs with 才 (cái).
    我只有一个孩子 Wǒ zhǐyǒu yīgè háizi. - I have only one child.
    只有好好学习,你才是好学生 Zhǐyǒu hǎo hào xuéxí, nǐ cái shì hào xuéshēng. - I went to take a look at him but did not see him.

➎42年来,我都是和妻子睡在一张床上的。
Time/Event + 以来(来): ever since... It expresses what has happened since the stated event until the time that the speaker talks (in other words, referring to a certain continuous time period leading up to the present).
    开学以来,我一直没有看过电影。 Kāixué yǐlái, wǒ yīzhí méiyǒu kànguò diànyǐng. - I have never seen a movie since school started.
    三年来,他长高了很多。 Sān niánlái, tā zhǎng gāole hěnduō. - In the past three years, he has grown much taller.

➏妻子对服务员说:
跟(对)⋯⋯说(gēn/duì): (talk) to/towards/with... . When using the verb 说, 跟 and 对 can both be used in a similar sentence pattern. 跟 and 对 are both prepositions, and they both express one person speaking to another.
    他我说他爱我。 Tā gēn wǒ shuō tā ài wǒ. - He told me that he loves me..
    你他说了什么? Nǐ duì tā shuōle shénme. - What did you say to him?.

➐“你们把两张床拉近一点,好吗?”
把 sentence. The 把 (bǎ) sentence is a common structure in Chinese focusing on the result or influence of an action. It can feel a bit strange for English speakers at first.
Normal sentence is Subj + Verb phrase + Obj. Converting to 把 sentence, it is Subj + 把 + Obj + Verb phrase. This structure is used due to several reasons.
(1) The verb phrase may have a modifier such as result complement, which CANNOT insert anything in between grammatically.
    他杯子放在桌子上。 Tā bǎ bēizi fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - He put the cup on the table. 他放杯子在桌子上 (在桌子上 has to be closely connected to verb 放)
(2) Speaker wants to emphasize the object.
    你吃饺子吧。 Nǐ chī jiǎozi ba. - You eat the dumplings.
    => 你把饺子吧 (speaker emphasized food 饺子) Nǐ bǎ jiǎozi chīle ba.
(3) Verb phrase may have two objects and become congested. Note Chinese like to use simple sentence. Put one object before makes sentence clean.
    他送给我 => 他把花送给我 Tā sòng huā gěi wǒ. - He sent me flowers.

➑饭店里的人都笑了
to mean "all". Adverb 都 can mean "all" in Chinese. Note it is before verb phrase.
    我们喜欢吃饺子 Wǒmen dōu xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - We both like dumplings.

➒要是你睡觉打呼噜
如果/要是...(的话): if.要是 is informal.
    如果/要是明天下雨,他就不去学校了
    Rúguǒ/yàoshi míngtiān xiàyǔ, tā jiù bù qù xuéxiàole. - If it rains tomorrow, he will not go to school.
    如果/要是你八点来(的话),那就好了
    Rúguǒ/yàoshi nǐ bā diǎn lái (dehuà), nà jiù hǎole. - If you can come at 8, that would be great.

➓我一样可以踢你。
可以 (kěyǐ): (1) can, able to, may (2) possible (3) not bad, pretty good .
(1) ask for permission or request "may"
    你现在可以走了 Nǐ xiànzài kěyǐ zǒule. - You may leave now.
    我可以喝茶吗?可以 Wǒ kěyǐ hē chá ma? Kěyǐ. - Can I drink tea? Yes.
(2) possible
    你明天可以来学校吗? Nǐ míngtiān kěyǐ lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school tomorrow?
(3) adj "not bad, pretty good".
    这家饭店的菜还可以 Zhè jiā fàndiàn de cài hái kěyǐ. - The dishes at this restaurant are OK.
    这是你做的菜?你真可以啊。 Zhè shì nǐ zuò de cài? Nǐ zhēn kěyǐ a. - Did you cook this dish? You are really good!






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound