HSK2级【别人家的 Not yours (joke)】Book 1 ~ 2/12

二级词汇8个. 一级词汇17个. 三级生词3个. 五级生词1个. 新生词7个.
   
老钟 公司工作 晚上 点钟 时候 看见 一个小偷5出来 老钟 生气3 3东西

小偷5不行 这些东西 的, 有些3 的。

生词 New Words
站住 zhànzhù : to stand
: particle marking the following noun as a direct object.
放下 fàngxià : to lay down.
有些 : some.
小偷 xiǎotōu : thief.
生气 shēngqì : to get angry; to take offense; angry.
这些 zhèxiē : these.
别人 biéren : others.
点钟 diǎnzhōng : (indicating time of day) o'clock.
出来 chūlái : after a verb, indicates coming out, completion of an action.
不行 bùxíng : won't do; be out of the question; be no good; not work; not be capable.
有些 yǒuxiē : some; somewhat.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊老钟在公司工作到晚上十点钟
到 a location/a time point. It can be a preposition means "to a place; until a time; up to ...".
    坐半小时公共汽车学校 Zuò bàn xiǎoshí gōnggòng qìchē dào xuéxiào. - Then I take bus to school for half an hour.
    我写作业夜里十点半 Wǒ xiě zuòyè dào yèlǐ shí diǎn bàn. - I do my homework until 10:30 at night.

➋他回到家的时候
...的时候: when ... (past time). Use "......的时候" to express a past time.
    我十岁的时候去过北京 Wǒ shí suì de shíhou qùguo Běijīng. - When I was ten, I went to Beijing.

➌看见一个小偷正从他家后门走出来
正好 + Verb phrase: happen to be....
    你来了,我正好要找你
    Nǐ láile, wǒ zhènghǎo yào zhǎo nǐ. - You are here! I was just looking for you.

➍老钟很生气,大叫:站住!
Verb + 住: result complement expressing action coming to a halt.
    站,别走了 Zhànzhù, bié zǒule. - Stop. Don't go.

➎把东西都给我放下
把 sentence. The 把 (bǎ) sentence is a common structure in Chinese focusing on the result or influence of an action. It can feel a bit strange for English speakers at first.
Normal sentence is Subj + Verb phrase + Obj. Converting to 把 sentence, it is Subj + 把 + Obj + Verb phrase. This structure is used due to several reasons.
(1) The verb phrase may have a modifier such as result complement, which CANNOT insert anything in between grammatically.
    他杯子放在桌子上。 Tā bǎ bēizi fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - He put the cup on the table. 他放杯子在桌子上 (在桌子上 has to be closely connected to verb 放)
(2) Speaker wants to emphasize the object.
    你吃饺子吧。 Nǐ chī jiǎozi ba. - You eat the dumplings.
    => 你把饺子吧 (speaker emphasized food 饺子) Nǐ bǎ jiǎozi chīle ba.
(3) Verb phrase may have two objects and become congested. Note Chinese like to use simple sentence. Put one object before makes sentence clean.
    他送给我 => 他把花送给我 Tā sòng huā gěi wǒ. - He sent me flowers.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound