HSK2级【自我介绍 Self introduction】Book 6 ~ 7/13

二级词汇32个. 一级词汇26个. 三级生词3个. 四级生词1个. 六级生词1个. 新生词10个.
   
1997 ,京京中国 南京 美国那时是一个四五 的小女孩 她的眼睛黑的 辫子6长的, 穿五颜六色便宜衣服 美国人看见 她, 非常可爱3漂亮 那时,我 他们一 一起 一个大房子里。 早上起床后, 京京喜欢我的房间 怎么 打扮4一会儿3我的左边 看这东西 不新 一会儿3我的右边 问那东西 不贵

一天,中国 学生 教室一起中国 电影 电影 开始前,有人她: 你好!我 是你爸爸的朋友 自我介绍一下 京京 了不回答旁边的我: 什么‘自你介绍’ 大家 了, 京京是一个聪明3可爱3孩子

生词 New Words
南京 Nánjīng : Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu province.
那时 nàshí : at that time.
辫子 biànzi : braid.
五颜六色 wǔyánliùsè : multi-colored.
可爱 kě'ài : adorable; cute.
房子 fángzi : house.
打扮 dǎban : to make up.
一会儿 yīhuìr : in a moment.
自我介绍 zìwǒjièshào : self-introduction.
自你介绍 zìnǐjièshào : The key to the joke. Jingjing thought 自'我'介绍 should change to 自'你'介绍 when she herself talks it. Actually it is an idiom and should not change.
聪明 cōngming : bright.
女孩 nǚhái : girl.
美国人 Měiguórén : American.
有人 yǒurén : someone.
美国 Měiguó : USA.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊京京从中国南京来到美国
从 + Time/Place: from Time/Place.
    我从早上八点开始上课
    Wǒ cóng zǎoshang bā diǎn kāishǐ shàngkè. - I started to have class from 8 o'clock in the morning.
    他从北京去上海 Tā cóng Běijīng qù Shànghǎi. - He went to Shanghai from Beijing.
    我从中国 Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó lái. - I came from China.

➋她那时还是一个四五岁的小女孩
还是: or; still; nevertheless; had better. Depends on the context it could have different meanings.
    我还是在这里 Wǒ háishì zài zhèlǐ. - I am still here. (still)
    你喝水还是喝茶? Nǐ hē shuǐ háishì hē chá? - Do you like water or tea? (or)
    我喜欢茶,还是喝茶吧 Wǒ xǐhuān chá, háishì hē chá ba. - I like tea. I'd better drink tea. (had better)

➌她的眼睛黑黑的
Adjective duplication: AA. Some monosyllable adjective can be duplicated to intensify the adjective.
    她的眼睛大大 Tā de yǎnjīng dàdà de. - She has big eyes.
    高高的鼻子 gāo gāo de bízi - high noses

➍穿着五颜六色的便宜衣服
Verb + 着. Aspect particle 着 (zhe) after a verb indicates
(1) the continuous action of the verb, like do-ing form in English;
    我在这里等你。 Wǒ zài zhèlǐ děngzhe nǐ. - I am here waiting for you.
(2) for manner or state in which an action is performed.
    他笑说... Tā xiàozhe shuō... - She smiled and said... (saying while smiling)

➎看我怎么打扮
怎么. It means "how" and also "why".
    这个字怎么写? Zhège zì zěnme xiě? - How to write this character?
    你怎么认识他的? Nǐ zěnme rènshì tā de? - How did you know him?
    他怎么没上班? Tā zěnme méi shàngbān? - Why didn't he go to work?

➏看看这件东西新不新
Affirmative-negative question: Verb/Adj + 不 + Verb/Adj. This is a very common way in Chinese to raise a question. It is similar to English like "... do something or not?".
    你是不是小高? Nǐ shì bù shì Xiǎogāo? - Are you Mr Gao?
    你去不去 Nǐ qù bù qù? - Do you go or not?
    你要不要吃苹果? Nǐ yào bù yào chī píngguǒ? - Don't you want an apple?
    他好不好 Tā hǎo bù hǎo? - Is he nice?
    我高不高 Wǒ gāo bù gāo? - Am I tall?

➐问问那件东西贵不贵
Verb repetition. 走一走:"take a walk". Unlike English, Chinese often repeats verbs especially single character verbs. One function is to expressing the action happened in short time or limited times. For single character, the pattern is either AA or A一A.
    爷爷去公园走一走 Yéye qù gōngyuán zǒu yī zǒu. - My grandpa goes to the park for a walk.
    我去学校看看 Wǒ qù xuéxiào kàn kan. - I will go to the school to take a look.

➑你能自我介绍一下吗?
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound