HSK2级【卖东西 Sell goods (joke)】Book 2 ~ 6/12

二级词汇14个. 一级词汇10个. 三级生词4个. 四级生词1个. 新生词3个.
   
有一个商店看见 一样3杯子 但是,一个十五 一个 她很高兴认为3商店 她看了一会儿3 下了那个八 杯子 非常高兴 3商店

商店 商店 的一个服务员一个服务员说看见 我们 只要4这样 看见 的人都会买那个便宜杯子 商店东西 都是这样去的

生词 New Words
女人 nǚrén : woman.
一样 yīyàng : same; like; equal to; the same as; just like.
lìng : other. 地面: surface.
认为 rènwéi : think; consider
一会儿 yīhuìr : a while.
de : (adj)-ly.
只要 zhǐyào : only if; so long as
这样 zhèyàng : this way; like this.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊有一个女人在商店里看见两个一样的杯子
一样 (yīyàng): same.
(1) As an adjective, it means "same, like".
    我也有个一样的杯子 Wǒ yěyǒu gè yīyàng de bēizi. - I also have the same cup.
(2) As an adverb, it means "the same as, just like" which can be used to modify adjective. It is usually used in comparison expressing equality or similarity. The structure is Noun 1 + 跟/和 + Noun 2 + 一样 + (Adj).
    北京的天气和/跟这儿一样 Běijīng de tiānqì hé/gēn zhè'er yīyàng. - Beijing has the same weather as here.
    你和/跟一样高 Nǐ hé/gēn tā yīyàng gāo. - You and he are equally tall.

➋一个卖十五块
块 measure word. It is used for irregular shape pieces such as cakes, watches; or for RMB (spoken Chinese).
    三钱,一蛋糕,一手表
    sān kuài qián, yīkuài dàngāo, yīkuài shǒubiǎo - a dollar, a piece of cake, a watch

➌另一个卖八块
Adj 另/另外 (lìngwài): the other.
    这本书是我的,另/另外一本(书)是他的
    Zhè běn shū shì wǒ de, lìng/lìngwài yī běn (shū) shì tā de. - This book is mine. The other one is his.
另外 can also be adverb meaning "in addition, furthermore".
    我买这三本书,另外还要一支笔
    Wǒ mǎi zhè sān běn shū, lìngwài hái yào yī zhī bǐ. - I will buy these three books. In addition I want to buy a pen.

➍她很高兴,认为是商店写错了
Verb + 对/错: result complement for action indicating "correct/wrong".
    这个字你写错 Zhège zì nǐ xiě cuòle. - You made a mistake when writing this word.
    他说对 Tā shuō duìle. - What you said is correct.

➎等她走出商店时
等(到) + Time/Event.
(1) Literally 等到 (děngdào) means "to wait until". So it can be a verb.
    我等到晚上八点,也没有看见他
    Wǒ děngdào wǎnshàng bā diǎn, yě méiyǒu kànjiàn tā. - I waited until 8 at night and still had not seen him.
(2) It also has meaning of "when", "by the time" as a conjunction. Sometimes 到 can be dropped.
    等到/等你二十岁,我就不工作了
    Děngdào/děng nǐ èrshí suì, wǒ jiù bù gōngzuòle. - By the time you are twenty years old, I am not going to work any more.

➏商店的一个服务员对另一个服务员说
对 + obj + verb phrase. When 对 is used before a noun as a preposition, it points to a certain target, meaning "point to" or "toward to".
    学生对老师说“早上好!” Xuéshēng duì lǎoshī shuō “zǎoshang hǎo!” - The student said to the teacher "Good morning!"
    她对我笑了一下 Tā duì wǒ xiàole yīxià. - She smiled to me.

➐我们只要这样做
只要⋯⋯就 (zhǐyào... jiù): as long as... then.....
    只要不去学校,他很高兴
    Zhǐyào bù qù xuéxiào, tā jiù hěn gāoxìng. - As long as he does not go to school, he is happy.

➑商店里很多东西都是这样卖出去的
Verb + 出去/出来: direction complement of verbs. The direction of action is "toward" speaker for 出来; and "away from" speaker for 出去.
    你从家里走出来吧,我在路上等你
    Nǐ cóng jiālǐ zǒu chūlái ba, wǒ zài lùshàng děng nǐ. - You come out of your home. I am waiting for you on the road.
    今天我卖出去四件衣服 Jīntiān wǒ mài chū qù sì jiàn yīfu. - I sold out 4 dresses today.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound