HSK2级【预约 Appointment】Book 4 ~ 1/11

二级词汇18个. 一级词汇21个. 三级生词2个. 五级生词1个. 新生词6个.
   
钟小姐:你好,我能见老板5吗?
钱小姐: 你有预约吗?
钟小姐:是的,我预约的是下午 3点。
钱小姐:对不起老板5现在 不能见 他在打电话能在这里一下吗? 喝点什么 吗?
钟小姐:我
钱小姐:老板5 小姐这里
高老板:来。
钱小姐:钟小姐可以去了。

高老板:高兴你,我的老朋友 这些年你怎么样
钟小姐:,我 了一个旅游公司
高老板:钟小姐 ,你还是3那么漂亮
钟小姐:谢谢 !你我好。 你把公司做的这么大、这么好中国有名3
高老板:是吗?谢谢 !钟小姐 ,请 我们 现在 开始说说工作事情

生词 New Words
老板 lǎobǎn : boss, business proprietor
这里 zhèlǐ : here.
这些 zhèxiē : these.
不错 bùcuò : pretty good.
还是 háishì : still; all the same
那么 nàme : like that; in that way; or so; so; so very much; about; in that case.
这么 zhème : so much.
有名 yǒumíng : famous.
预约 yùyuē : booking; reservation; to book; to make an appointment.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊钟小姐:你好,我能见高老板吗?
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?

➋他在打电话。您能在这里等一下吗?
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➌高老板:让她进来。
让 "to have someone to do something".
    妈妈孩子睡觉了。 Māma ràng háizi shuìjiàole. - The mother put the child to bed.

➍钟小姐,您可以进去了。
可以 (kěyǐ): (1) can, able to, may (2) possible (3) not bad, pretty good .
(1) ask for permission or request "may"
    你现在可以走了 Nǐ xiànzài kěyǐ zǒule. - You may leave now.
    我可以喝茶吗?可以 Wǒ kěyǐ hē chá ma? Kěyǐ. - Can I drink tea? Yes.
(2) possible
    你明天可以来学校吗? Nǐ míngtiān kěyǐ lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school tomorrow?
(3) adj "not bad, pretty good".
    这家饭店的菜还可以 Zhè jiā fàndiàn de cài hái kěyǐ. - The dishes at this restaurant are OK.
    这是你做的菜?你真可以啊。 Zhè shì nǐ zuò de cài? Nǐ zhēn kěyǐ a. - Did you cook this dish? You are really good!

➎这些年你怎么样?
Adverb as predicate. 最近怎么样?:“How are you doing recently?". The same as 最近怎么样?你 is dropped since it is implied. Note 怎么样 is adverb meaning "how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?". It acts as predicate in the sentence. No verb "to be" is needed!
    你爷爷怎么样?他很好。 Nǐ yéye zěnmeyàng? Tā hěn hǎo. - How is your grandpa? He is very well.

➏钟小姐:还不错,我开了一个旅游公司。
个 gè. The most common measure word used with nouns.
    十 shí gè bǎi - ten hundreds
    一学生 yīgè xuéshēng - one student

➐你把公司做的这么大、这么好
Subj. + 那么/这么 + Adj; Subj... so/that...Adj. In Chinese, 那么 (nàme) and 这么 (zhème) is like "so/that" in English to modify an adjective for increasing the extent, such as "so tall", "that good".
    作业这么多! Zuòyè zhème duō! - There are so much homework!
    怎么那么热? Zěnme nàme rè? - Why is it so hot?

➑我们现在开始说说工作的事情吧。
Verb repetition. 走一走:"take a walk". Unlike English, Chinese often repeats verbs especially single character verbs. One function is to expressing the action happened in short time or limited times. For single character, the pattern is either AA or A一A.
    爷爷去公园走一走 Yéye qù gōngyuán zǒu yī zǒu. - My grandpa goes to the park for a walk.
    我去学校看看 Wǒ qù xuéxiào kàn kan. - I will go to the school to take a look.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound