HSK2级【自行车 Bicycle (joke)】Book 2 ~ 10/12

二级词汇19个. 一级词汇23个. 三级生词2个. 四级生词1个. 六级生词1个. 新生词5个.
   
老张了一 商店奶牛生病了, 但是商店服务员 自行车 我们 4东西 便宜 自行车可以天天3。” 老张 :“我觉得 奶牛 自行车 。”

服务员 :“但是3奶牛不是 6 ?” 老张说:“是吗?我你: 自行车 牛奶 自行车 3奶牛城, 36

生词 New Words
奶牛 nǎiniú : dairy cow.
: to ride (an animal or bike).
可笑 kěxiào : funny; ridiculous.
: to press; to squeeze.
gèng : even more.
最好 zuìhǎo : best.
天天 tiāntiān : every day.
chéng : city walls; city; town.
nǎi : breast; milk.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊但是商店的服务员想让他买自行车
Causative verbs 让, 叫, 请, 使, . Causative verbs cause or influence people to do things. In English, these are verbs like "make, let, have, get". Most common ones are: 让 (ràng), 叫 (jiào), 请 (qǐng), 使 (shǐ). The common structure is Subj. + Causative Verb + Someone + Predicate.
    爸爸我打电话给他 Bàba ràng wǒ dǎ diànhuà gěi tā. - My father asked me to call him.
    你不听话,你老师怎么办? Nǐ bù tīnghuà, nǐ jiào lǎoshī zěnmebàn? - You did not listen. What do you expect the teacher to do?
    你来一下,好吗? Qǐng nǐ lái yīxià, hǎo ma? - Can I ask you to come over?
    大雨使很多学生不能去学校 Dàyǔ shǐ hěnduō xuéshēng bùnéng qù xuéxiào. - The heavy rain caused many students not to go to school.

➋这是我们店里最好的东西
最 + Adj/Psychological Verbs + (了): superlative form. This is the consistent way to express superlative form of an adjective or psychological verbs in Chinese. Occasionally 了 is added in the end.
    她是我们班最漂亮的学生 Tā shì wǒmen bān zuì piàoliang de xuéshēng. - She is the most beautiful student in our class.
    我最喜欢吃饺子 Wǒ zuì xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - I like dumpling the most.

➌三百多块钱,很便宜
块 measure word. It is used for irregular shape pieces such as cakes, watches; or for RMB (spoken Chinese).
    三钱,一蛋糕,一手表
    sān kuài qián, yīkuài dàngāo, yīkuài shǒubiǎo - a dollar, a piece of cake, a watch

➍您可以天天骑着它进城
Verb + 着. Aspect particle 着 (zhe) after a verb indicates
(1) the continuous action of the verb, like do-ing form in English;
    我在这里等你。 Wǒ zài zhèlǐ děngzhe nǐ. - I am here waiting for you.
(2) for manner or state in which an action is performed.
    他笑说... Tā xiàozhe shuō... - She smiled and said... (saying while smiling)

➎老张说:“我觉得买奶牛比买自行车好
比 (bǐ): than. 比 (bǐ) is one of the most common words when comparing things in Chinese similar to "than" in English. The structure is Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj.
    爸爸比妈妈高 Bàba bǐ māma gāo. - My father asked me to call him.
Note. Don't add other adverbs such as 很,非常 etc before adjective except 更,更加 (even more).
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Mom is smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Māma bǐ bàba gèng cōngming. - Mom is even more smarter than dad.
Note. Negation is 不比.
    妈妈不比爸爸聪明 Māma bùbǐ bàba cōngming. - Mom is not smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明

➏哪一个更可笑?
更/更加: even more. To express "even more" in Chinese, use 更 (gèng) or 更加 (gèngjiā).
    我觉得饺子更/更加好吃 Wǒ juéde jiǎozi gēng/gèngjiā hàochī. - I think dumplings are even more delicious.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound