HSK2级【我叫马克 I am Mark.】Book 3 ~ 1/11

二级词汇16个. 一级词汇17个. 三级生词5个. 新生词7个.
   
我们 现在 开始 同学 们,大家好! 我是你们的英语老师 我的名字 马克3英语大家 但是,我今天 33中文3介绍一下 因为我在学习 汉语

3说说我还是3 马克 我是美国人。 去年,我美国中国3北京 的一个大学 学习 了一汉语 我的中文3马马虎虎希望大家我的话。 你们 好了!谢谢。 现在 我在我们 大学3英语 好,大家什么 问题



生词 New Words
英语 Yīngyǔ : English (language).
马克 Mǎkè : Mark (name).
yòng : use.
上课 shàngkè : to go to class; to attend class; to go to teach a class.
xiān : early; prior; former; in advance; first.
中文 Zhōngwén : Chinese.
还是 háishì : still; all the same
美国 Měiguó : USA.
大学 dàxué : university.
jiāo : teach
马马虎虎 mǎmahūhū : careless; casual; vague; not so bad; so-so; tolerable; fair.
听懂 tīngdǒng : to understand (on hearing); to catch (what is spoken).

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊同学们,大家好!
... plural forms. 他们,你们,我们:“they/them, you/you, we/us". 们 is used as plural form for pronouns such as 我,你, 他,她. It can ONLY be used for people to express plural form, e.g.
    老师,同学 Lǎoshīmen, tóngxuémen - teachers, students.
Note, in Chinese a noun can be itself a single form or plural form.
    学校有一个 Xuéxiào yǒu yī gè rén. - There is one person at school.
    中国有十三亿 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - China has 130 million people.

➋我用英语给大家上课。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➌我今天先用中文介绍一下。
先 (early; prior; former; in advance; first) ~ 前 front; forward; ahead; first; top (followed by a number); future; ago; before; former; formerly
(1) Both can be an adjective. For example 先人 (xiānrén): ancestors; previous generations; my late father. And 前人 (qiánrén): predecessor; forebears; the person facing you.
(2) 先 is more often used as adverb to modify verb in '先 + verb'. 前 cannot be an aderb.
    你先走,我马上来。 Nǐ xiān zǒu, wǒ mǎshàng lái. - You go first, I will come right away..

➍因为我在学习汉语。
因为...所以...: because...therefore.... A simple way in Chinese to explain a cause is to use 因为. It is like "because ..." in English. It can be used before a sentence or a phrase. It often pairs with 所以... (so therefore...).
    我不去看电影,因为我有很多作业
    Wǒ bù qù kàn diànyǐng, yīnwèi wǒ yǒu hěnduō zuòyè. - I did not watch movie because I had a lot of homework.
    他没有吃饭,因为没有时间
    Tā méiyǒu chīfàn, yīnwèi méiyǒu shíjiān. - He did not eat food because he did not have time.
    因为今天下雪,所以我不去学校
    Yīn wéi jīntiān xià xuě, suǒyǐ wǒ bù qù xuéxiào. - Because it snows therefore I do not go to school.

➎去年,我从美国来到中国。
从 + Time/Place: from Time/Place.
    我从早上八点开始上课
    Wǒ cóng zǎoshang bā diǎn kāishǐ shàngkè. - I started to have class from 8 o'clock in the morning.
    他从北京去上海 Tā cóng Běijīng qù Shànghǎi. - He went to Shanghai from Beijing.
    我从中国 Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó lái. - I came from China.
can; may; possible; able to; not bad; pretty good

➏我希望大家能听懂我的话。
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?

➐你们都能听懂?
Adverb 都 (dōu) before verb phrase: (1) all; (2) emphasizing .
(1) Adverb 都 can mean "all" in Chinese. Note it is before verb phrase.
    我们喜欢吃饺子 Wǒmen dōu xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - We both like dumplings.
(2) You can use 都 (dōu) to emphasize the quantity of something or timing of some action.
    你玩了好几个小时了。 Nǐ dōu wánle hǎojǐ gè xiǎoshíliǎo. - You have been playing for hours.
    我不知道你买车了。 Wǒ dū bù zhīdào nǐ mǎi chēle. - I don't even know that you bought a car.

➑好,大家有什么问题要问我吗?
要 + action. It means "to want; to ask for; will; going to (as future auxiliary)". When it follows by an action, it usually means "going to" as future auxiliary.
    我们去北京旅游一个月 Wǒmen yào qù Běijīng lǚyóu yīgè yuè. - We are going to travel in Beijing for a month.
    姐姐买一块手表给我 Jiějie yāomǎi yīkuài shǒubiǎo gěi wǒ. - My sister will buy a watch for me.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound