HSK2级【高铁(一)High Speed Rail (1)】Book 4 ~ 8/11

二级词汇23个. 一级词汇16个. 三级生词2个. 四级生词1个. 五级生词1个. 新生词7个.
   
马克:谢飞,我5你。
谢飞:马克。你我做什么
马克:我有事北京
谢飞:你可以 我的车去。
马克:三个小时可以北京 吗?
谢飞:四五个小时
马克:是那么时间
谢飞:你开车去,坐高铁
马克:高铁什么
谢飞:非常火车
马克:是吗?有多
谢飞:小时300多公里4
马克:有那么?! 我们美国火车3200多公里。
谢飞:所以小时北京 了。
马克:太好了!我喜欢 高铁
谢飞:还有好的呢。 高铁上的姐很漂亮
马克:高姐是姐姐吗?我认识 吗?
谢飞:姐是在铁上工作小姐 你很认识 她们的。 你有什么 问题 可以她们。

马克:那么我们 这儿 说话 上你的车
谢飞:现在上班时间 人多车多,你坐地铁3
马克:谢飞,我 点见姐!

生词 New Words
zhèng : just (at that time).
马克 Mǎkè : Mark (name).
那么 nàme : like that; in that way; or so; so; so very much; about; in that case.
高铁 gāotiě : high speed rail.
火车 huǒchē : train.
公里 gōnglǐ : kilometer
美国 Měiguó : USA.
cái : only.
还有 háiyǒu : in addition.
地铁 dìtiě : subway.
有事 yǒushì : to be occupied with sth; to have sth on one's mind; there is something the matter.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊马克:谢飞,我正要找你。
正在/正/在 + Verb: action in progress.
    他正在吃饭 Tā zhèngzài chīfàn. - He is eating food.
    我做作业的时候,他来了 Wǒ zhèng zuò zuòyè de shíhou, tā láile. - When I was doing homework, he came.
    你做什么? Nǐ zài zuò shénme? - What are you doing?

➋马克:我有事要去北京。
要 (yào) : (1) to want (sth); (2) to want to (do)...; (3) need to (do); (4) will/going to (do).
(1) 要 + noun: want something.
    我一块面包。 Wǒ yào yīkuài miànbāo. - I want a piece of bread.
(2) 要 + verb: want to do something.
    你喝什么? Nǐ yào hē shénme? - What do you want to drink?
(3) 要 + verb: need to do something.
    你早点睡觉。 Nǐ yào zǎodiǎn shuìjiào. - You have to go to bed early.
(4) 要 + verb: will/going to do something.
    我明天去北京。 Wǒ míngtiān yào qù běijīng. - I am going to Beijing tomorrow.

➌谢飞:你可以开我的车去。
可以 (kěyǐ): (1) can, able to, may (2) possible (3) not bad, pretty good .
(1) ask for permission or request "may"
    你现在可以走了 Nǐ xiànzài kěyǐ zǒule. - You may leave now.
    我可以喝茶吗?可以 Wǒ kěyǐ hē chá ma? Kěyǐ. - Can I drink tea? Yes.
(2) possible
    你明天可以来学校吗? Nǐ míngtiān kěyǐ lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school tomorrow?
(3) adj "not bad, pretty good".
    这家饭店的菜还可以 Zhè jiā fàndiàn de cài hái kěyǐ. - The dishes at this restaurant are OK.
    这是你做的菜?你真可以啊。 Zhè shì nǐ zuò de cài? Nǐ zhēn kěyǐ a. - Did you cook this dish? You are really good!

➍马克:是吗?要那么长时间?
那/那么 (nàme)...: so.... Use 那么 to connect previous sentence, like "so..." in English.
    大家都来了,那/那么我们上课吧
    Dàjiā dōu láile, nà/nàme wǒmen shàngkè ba. - Everyone is here. So let's have class.

➎马克:是吗?有多快?
多(duō): (1)many; much; (2) often; more; in excess; (3) how (to what extent)
(1) many; much (modifying nouns)
    他有很钱,我有很朋友。 Tā yǒu hěnduō qián, wǒ yǒu hěnduō péngyǒu. - He has a lot of money, I have many friends.
(2) often (modifying verbs, adjectives)
    学中文要写。 Xué zhōngwén yào duō shuō duō xiě. - To learn Chinese, you need to talk more and write more.
    我比你高了。 Wǒ bǐ nǐ gāo duōle. - I am much taller than you.
(3) how (to what extent) (modifying adjectives)
    美的地方! Duō měi dì dìfāng. - What a beautiful place!
    他会说话! Tā duō hui shuōhuà! - He is a good talker!

➏谢飞:每小时300多公里。
每 each/every. Usually a measure word is needed after it and before a noun. Sometimes 都 is needed in the sentence. The structure is 每 + Measure Word + Noun + 都.
    个人都来了! Měi gè rén dōu láile! - Everyone has come!
    我年都去北京 Wǒ měinián dōu qù Běijīng. - I go to Beijing every year.

➐我们美国的火车才200多公里。
adverb 才 + Verb/Noun. 才 (cái) as an adverb means "only; only then; just now". It expresses "small quantity" or "shortness in time" or "lateness in time" for the PAST action.
    我喝了一杯水 Wǒ cái hēle yībēi shuǐ. - I only drank a cup of water.
    我中文学了一个月 Wǒ Zhōngwén cáixuéle yīgè yuè - I only studied Chinese for one month.
    你这么晚下班? Nǐ zhème wǎn cái xiàbān? - Why did you get out of work so late?


➑谢飞:所以它叫高铁呢!
因为...所以...: because...therefore.... A simple way in Chinese to explain a cause is to use 因为. It is like "because ..." in English. It can be used before a sentence or a phrase. It often pairs with 所以... (so therefore...).
    我不去看电影,因为我有很多作业
    Wǒ bù qù kàn diànyǐng, yīnwèi wǒ yǒu hěnduō zuòyè. - I did not watch movie because I had a lot of homework.
    他没有吃饭,因为没有时间
    Tā méiyǒu chīfàn, yīnwèi méiyǒu shíjiān. - He did not eat food because he did not have time.
    因为今天下雪,所以我不去学校
    Yīn wéi jīntiān xià xuě, suǒyǐ wǒ bù qù xuéxiào. - Because it snows therefore I do not go to school.

➒人多车多,你坐地铁吧。
Adjective as predicate. Adjective can serve as predicate. No verb is needed. But 很 is often used before adjective to modify it. In English, you don't need to translate it as "very".
    他很高 (Not 他高) Tā hěn gāo. - He is tall.
    爷爷身体不好 Yéye shēntǐ bù hǎo. - Grandpa is not in good health.

sentence + 吧 - to soften the suggestion
When you have a command asking someone to do something, use 吧 in the end to make the suggestion soften and more polite.
    我们去跳舞 Wǒmen qù tiàowǔ ba. - Let's go dancing.
    你和你同学一起打 Nǐ hé nǐ tóngxué yīqǐ dǎ ba. - You and your classmate can play together.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound