HSK2级【高铁(二)High Speed Rail (2)】Book 4 ~ 10/11

二级词汇23个. 一级词汇14个. 三级生词6个. 新生词8个.
   
马克: ,谢飞吗?你好!
谢飞:马克,你好!你怎么样
马克:我的手机没有 了。 谢谢 你叫我坐高铁非常喜欢
谢飞: 好了。你高铁上吗?
马克:高铁开了一个小时23分钟 已经北京 了。放心3

谢飞:那好。你觉得高铁怎么样
马克:太了!3又好! 坐在车里很舒服3,很安静3 对了还有WIFI呢,不要钱
谢飞:见姐了吗?怎么样
马克:太了!3漂亮 但是没有 一个是的。
谢飞:我说的 你的意思是你认识 了很多姐?
马克:必须3的!谢飞,我 了很多好吃的。
谢飞:是吗?那我谢谢 你! 去一北京 我。
马克:你谢我,谢谢

谢飞:意思?你有朋友 了?
马克:没有 没有。你我! 为了3认识 几个 了很多吃的。

生词 New Words
马克 Mǎkè : Mark (name).
高铁 gāotiě : high speed rail.
放心 fàngxīn : be assured
niú : ox; cow;(slang) awesome
yòu : again.
舒服 shūfu : pleased; comfortable
安静 ānjìng : noiseless; quiet; calm
还有 háiyǒu : in addition.
必须 bìxū : must; have to
为了 wèile : for
diàn : electric; electricity; electrical
对了 duìle : Correct!; Oh, that's right, ... (when one suddenly remembers sth one wanted to mention); Oh, by the way, ...
要钱 yàoqián : to charge; to demand payment
没错 méicuò : that's right; sure!; rest assured!; that's good; can't go wrong

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊马克:喂,谢飞吗?你好!
...to start phone conversation.“Hello..." greeting word which starts phone conversation.
    ,我是小王。你是老李吗? Wèi, wǒ shì Xiǎowáng. Nǐ shì Lǎolǐ ma? - Hello, I am Mr Wang. Are you Mr Li?

➋谢谢你叫我坐高铁
Causative verbs 让, 叫, 请, 使, . Causative verbs cause or influence people to do things. In English, these are verbs like "make, let, have, get". Most common ones are: 让 (ràng), 叫 (jiào), 请 (qǐng), 使 (shǐ). The common structure is Subj. + Causative Verb + Someone + Predicate.
    爸爸我打电话给他 Bàba ràng wǒ dǎ diànhuà gěi tā. - My father asked me to call him.
    你不听话,你老师怎么办? Nǐ bù tīnghuà, nǐ jiào lǎoshī zěnmebàn? - You did not listen. What do you expect the teacher to do?
    你来一下,好吗? Qǐng nǐ lái yīxià, hǎo ma? - Can I ask you to come over?
    大雨使很多学生不能去学校 Dàyǔ shǐ hěnduō xuéshēng bùnéng qù xuéxiào. - The heavy rain caused many students not to go to school.

➌你还在高铁上吗?
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➍已经快到北京了。
已经 + ...(了): already....
    他已经上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office.
    已经下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.

➎马克:太牛了!又快又好!
又(yòu): (1) (once) again; also; (2) both... and...;(3) emphasis negation
(1) (once) again; also - used for past action
    他今天迟到了。 Tā jīntiān yòu chídàole. - He is late again today.
(2) both... and...: 又..又..
    他长得大。 Tā zhǎng dé yòu gāo yòu dà. - He is tall and big.
(3) (used for emphasis of negation) anyway: 又不,又没
    我不是小孩子。 Wǒ yòu bùshì xiǎo háizi. - I am not a child.
    我没说你。 Wǒ yòu méi shuō nǐ. - I did not talk about you (at all).

➏马克:太牛了!又高又漂亮!
太 + adj + (了). 太 is "so, very, excessively". Often 了 is needed in the end.
    我高兴 Wǒ tài gāoxìngle! - I am so happy!
    现在 Xiànzài tài wǎnle. - Now it is too late!

➐你的意思是你认识了很多高姐?
认识 vs 知道: know.
(1) 认识 (rènshi) means "to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; to get acquainted with sb". It is actually more than just "to know". You have to be familiar with it.
    我认识他,他是我哥哥的同学
    Wǒ rènshì tā, tā shì wǒ gēgē de tóngxué. - I knew him. He is my brother's classmate.
(2) 知道 (zhīdào) means to "to know; to become aware of".
    我知道他在我们学校,但是我不认识
    Wǒ zhīdào tā zài wǒmen xuéxiào, dànshì wǒ bù rènshì tā. - I know he is a student of our school. But I haven't met him.

➑我给你买了很多好吃的。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➒去一次北京还想着我。
Verb + Number + measure word. This measure word is used for verb expressing "times" or "duration".
    他说了三 Tā shuōle sān biàn. - He said it for three times.
    我走了十分钟 Wǒ zǒule shí fēnzhōng. - I walked for 10 minutes.
    我去北京四 Wǒ qù Běijīng sì cì. - I have been to Beijing 4 times.

➓为了多认识几个高姐
为了 (wèile) as preposition: in order to, for the purpose of 为了 (wèile) is most often used to indicate the purpose of an action or the person that will benefit from some act of kindness. Note also that 为了 is a single word; the 了 here is not serving its role as a particle in this case.
    为了明天能早点起来,他晚上九点就睡觉了。 Wèile míngtiān néng zǎodiǎn qǐlái, tā wǎnshàng jiǔ diǎn jiù shuìjiàole. - In order to get up early tomorrow, he slept at nine in the evening.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound