HSK2级【我叫左雨生 My name is Zuo Yusheng】Book 6 ~ 3/13

二级词汇26个. 一级词汇28个. 三级生词2个. 四级生词1个. 新生词7个.
   
同学 们,下午 好!左,名字 雨生。 左边的“左”,下雨 的“雨”,学生 的“生”。 我的妈妈 告诉我,我的时候大雨,所以 我雨生 我的名字 是不是 意思

去年是二O一七年 我和爸爸 妈妈 姐姐飞机 日本北京 我们北京 住了星期 北京 人多,车多 好看的多,好吃的多,多!

我们 爸爸老家 那儿 北京 公共汽车一个小时了。 我们 见了很多很多老家的人。 爸爸爷爷3 九十多岁了, 身体很好,4 他叫我小 大家都很高兴 但是我的汉语 好, 所以我不知道怎么 叫他们3 说“你好 ?我很好!喜欢谢谢再见 !”

生词 New Words
shēng : to be born; to give birth; to grow.
有意思 yǒuyìsi : interesting.
日本 Rìběn : Japan.
好看 hǎokàn : good-looking.
好玩 hǎowán : fun.
爷爷 yéye : father's father; paternal grandfather.
笑话 xiàohua : joke
zhǐ : only; merely; just; but. ★ zhī: one of a pair; for animals, furnitures, boats or ships.
老家 lǎojiā : native place; place of origin; home state or region.
老外 lǎowài : (coll.) foreigner.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊同学们,下午好!
... plural forms. 他们,你们,我们:“they/them, you/you, we/us". 们 is used as plural form for pronouns such as 我,你, 他,她. It can ONLY be used for people to express plural form, e.g.
    老师,同学 Lǎoshīmen, tóngxuémen - teachers, students.
Note, in Chinese a noun can be itself a single form or plural form.
    学校有一个 Xuéxiào yǒu yī gè rén. - There is one person at school.
    中国有十三亿 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - China has 130 million people.

➋她生我的时候下着大雨,所以叫我雨生
Verb + 着. Aspect particle 着 (zhe) after a verb indicates
(1) the continuous action of the verb, like do-ing form in English;
    我在这里等你。 Wǒ zài zhèlǐ děngzhe nǐ. - I am here waiting for you.
(2) for manner or state in which an action is performed.
    他笑说... Tā xiàozhe shuō... - She smiled and said... (saying while smiling)

➌去年,就是二O一七年
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➍坐飞机从日本去北京
从 + Time/Place: from Time/Place.
    我从早上八点开始上课
    Wǒ cóng zǎoshang bā diǎn kāishǐ shàngkè. - I started to have class from 8 o'clock in the morning.
    他从北京去上海 Tā cóng Běijīng qù Shànghǎi. - He went to Shanghai from Beijing.
    我从中国 Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó lái. - I came from China.

➎我们在北京住了两个星期
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➏北京人多,车多
Adjective as predicate. Adjective can serve as predicate. No verb is needed. But 很 is often used before adjective to modify it. In English, you don't need to translate it as "very".
    他很高 (Not 他高) Tā hěn gāo. - He is tall.
    爷爷身体不好 Yéye shēntǐ bù hǎo. - Grandpa is not in good health.

➐那儿离北京不远
离 (lí) prep: (in giving distances) from "Place 1 + 离 + Place 2 + Adv. + 近 / 远" is normally used to simply express that one place is (not) close or (not) far from another place.
    我家学校很 Wǒjiā lí xuéxiào hěn jìn. - My home is close to the school.
    你点儿。 Nǐ lí wǒ yuǎn diǎn er. - Stay away from me.

➑身体很好,还会说笑话
会 + Verb + Obj: has ability to do something. As an auxiliary word 会 can be used to express an ability that has been LEARNED. It could be cooking, language, driving etc.
    我说中文 Wǒ huì shuō zhōngwén. - I can speak Chinese.
    你开车吗? Nǐ huì kāichē ma? - Can you drive a car?

➒所以我不知道怎么叫他们
因为...所以...: because...therefore.... A simple way in Chinese to explain a cause is to use 因为. It is like "because ..." in English. It can be used before a sentence or a phrase. It often pairs with 所以... (so therefore...).
    我不去看电影,因为我有很多作业
    Wǒ bù qù kàn diànyǐng, yīnwèi wǒ yǒu hěnduō zuòyè. - I did not watch movie because I had a lot of homework.
    他没有吃饭,因为没有时间
    Tā méiyǒu chīfàn, yīnwèi méiyǒu shíjiān. - He did not eat food because he did not have time.
    因为今天下雪,所以我不去学校
    Yīn wéi jīntiān xià xuě, suǒyǐ wǒ bù qù xuéxiào. - Because it snows therefore I do not go to school.

➓我只会说“你好吗?我很好!
只 (zhǐ) + (会/能) + Verb: only.... The adverb 只 (zhǐ) can come directly before a verb, or before an auxiliary verb like 会 (huì) or 能 (néng) meaning "only".
    他有一个哥哥 Tā zhǐyǒu yīgè gēge. - He only has one elder brother.
    我喝水,不喝茶 Wǒ zhǐ hē shuǐ, bù hē chá. - I only drink water. I don't drink tea.
    他会说中文 Tā zhǐ huì shuō Zhōngwén. - He can only speak Chinese.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound