HSK2级【跑步 Running (joke)】Book 6 ~ 10/13

二级词汇35个. 一级词汇31个. 三级生词3个. 新生词14个.
   
昨天 晚上11点钟 电影 3 但是 跑步 前面 后面 他们 可能 晚上 运动的。 所以,我面前她:“ 帮助 ?”

跑边回答 :“不。谢谢 星期天天游泳 帮助 现在 跑步以前3 可能知道 丈夫 电影 我们 第一上床休息3衣服 准备第二天早上早饭。”

生词 New Words
路上 lùshang : on the road.
de : (adj)-ly.
zhuī : to chase after.
看起来 kànqǐlái : looks as if.
不大 bùdà : not very.
面前 miànqián : in front of.
天天 tiāntiān : every day.
以前 yǐqián : before.
wǎn : bowl.
早饭 zǎofàn : breakfast.
点钟 diǎnzhōng : (indicating time of day) o'clock.
慢慢 mànmàn : slowly.
pǎo : to run; to run away; to escape; to run around (on errands etc).
出来 chūlái : to come out; to appear; to arise.
biān : side; edge; margin; border; boundary; 边...边... simultaneously.
上床 shàngchuáng : to go to bed.
第二天 dì'èrtiān : next day.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊路上很多人在慢慢地走
在 + location / 在 + Verb. 在 + location means "to be in (inside) a location". 在 is a verb. But 在 + Verb means an action is in the process. It is like "to be doing" in English.
    你在哪里?我在公园里 Nǐ zài nǎlǐ? Wǒ zài gōngyuán lǐ. - Where are you? I am in the park.
    他在跳舞, 她在唱歌 Tā zài tiàowǔ, tā zài chànggē. - He is dancing. She is singing.

➋但是有两个人在跑步
两 vs 二: two. 两 is used when referring to "two of something". 二 is used when counting numbers, or phone number etc.
    个人,个月, liǎng gè rén, liǎng gè yuè, liǎng nián - two people, two months, two years
    十十块钱, shí'èr, èrshí kuài qián, èrshí'èr hào - twelve, 20 dollars, 22nd

➌看起来他们不大可能是晚上出来运动的。
Verb + 起来: direction complement. 起来 is frequently used in Chinese. It is similar to "up" in English. Two applications:
(1) expressing an upward movement, like "up" in stand up, get up in English.
(2) initiation of an action.
    他在床上坐起来了。 Tā zài chuángshàng zuò qǐláile. - He sat up in the bed.
    我跳起来了。 Wǒ tiào qǐláile. - I jumped up.
    天热起来了。 Tiān rè qǐláile. - It's getting hot.

➍所以,我就开车到了那个女的面前
因为...所以...: because...therefore.... A simple way in Chinese to explain a cause is to use 因为. It is like "because ..." in English. It can be used before a sentence or a phrase. It often pairs with 所以... (so therefore...).
    我不去看电影,因为我有很多作业
    Wǒ bù qù kàn diànyǐng, yīnwèi wǒ yǒu hěnduō zuòyè. - I did not watch movie because I had a lot of homework.
    他没有吃饭,因为没有时间
    Tā méiyǒu chīfàn, yīnwèi méiyǒu shíjiān. - He did not eat food because he did not have time.
    因为今天下雪,所以我不去学校
    Yīn wéi jīntiān xià xuě, suǒyǐ wǒ bù qù xuéxiào. - Because it snows therefore I do not go to school.

➎她边跑边回答说
一边(边) + Verb1 + 一边(边) + Verb2: multitasking "doing verb2 while doing verb1". When translating Chinese into English, the whole part often sits on first verb.
    现在很多学生喜欢一边(边)听歌一边(边)做作业
    Xiànzài hěnduō xuéshēng xǐhuān yībian (biān) tīng gē yībian (biān) zuò zuòyè. - Now many students like to do homework while listening to music.

➏这几个星期我天天游泳
Noun repetition. Some mosyllable noun can repeat to form a word which usually means the whole category which the noun belongs to, such as 人人,天天 etc.
    我天天七点上班 Wǒ tiāntiān qī diǎn shàngbān. - I go to work at 7 everyday.
    学校里人人都喜欢他 Xuéxiào lǐ rén rén dōu xǐhuān tā. - Everyone at school likes him.
    家家都在过新年 Jiā jiā dōu zài guò xīnnián. - Every family are celebrating the New Year.

➐我现在跑步比以前快多了
比 (bǐ): than. 比 (bǐ) is one of the most common words when comparing things in Chinese similar to "than" in English. The structure is Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj.
    爸爸比妈妈高 Bàba bǐ māma gāo. - My father asked me to call him.
Note. Don't add other adverbs such as 很,非常 etc before adjective except 更,更加 (even more).
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Mom is smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Māma bǐ bàba gèng cōngming. - Mom is even more smarter than dad.
Note. Negation is 不比.
    妈妈不比爸爸聪明 Māma bùbǐ bàba cōngming. - Mom is not smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明

➑每次我和丈夫看完电影
每 each/every. Usually a measure word is needed after it and before a noun. Sometimes 都 is needed in the sentence. The structure is 每 + Measure Word + Noun + 都.
    个人都来了! Měi gè rén dōu láile! - Everyone has come!
    我年都去北京 Wǒ měinián dōu qù Běijīng. - I go to Beijing every year.

➒第一个到家的上床休息
第 + Number: ordinal number. In Chinese it is very simple to express ordinal number. Just use 第(dì) + Number.
    第一:学生八点到学校,第二:学生十二点吃饭
    Dì yī: Xuéshēng bā diǎn dào xuéxiào, dì èr: Xuéshēng shí'èr diǎn chīfàn. - First students arrive at school at 8. Secondly students have lunch at 12.
    我得了第一 Wǒ déle dì yī míng. - I won the first place.
    他是我的第三个孩子 Tā shì wǒ de dì sān gè háizi. - He is my fourth child.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound