HSK2级【你比我忙 You are busier than me】Book 3 ~ 6/11

二级词汇32个. 一级词汇29个. 三级生词2个. 新生词6个.
   
妈妈:我回来了。
可可:妈妈 ,你早上点钟 上班了, 为什么下班这么
妈妈:妈妈 今天 工作 了。 但是 好了。
可可:妈妈 ,你椅子休息一下
妈妈:谢谢 你,我的好儿子
可可:妈妈杯子
妈妈:好的,谢谢 可可!今天 怎么样

可可:我
妈妈:是吗?你什么 了?
可可:早上我去学校 上学 下午 放学后,我 公共汽车 家。 一回家,我 作业3 作业3时候 和我一起旁边跑步家的时候 ,小3我。和小在我的房间了十五分钟 我们正在呢,你就回来了。
妈妈:!你是
可可:我没有 踢足球 没有电视没有水果 呢! 你说我不忙?

生词 New Words
回来 huílai : to return.
点钟 diǎnzhōng : (indicating time of day) o'clock.
下班 xiàbān : to get off work.
这么 zhème : so much.
上学 shàngxué : to go to school; to attend school.
放学 fàngxué : to dismiss students at the end of the school day. Opposite of "上学".
作业 zuòyè : school assignment; study assignment.
yòu : again; once more.
一回到家,我就做作业 : "一A就B" means "as soon as A happens, B happens".
你是比我忙。 : "是" emphasizes "比我忙",

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊为什么下班这么晚呢?
Subj. + 那么/这么 + Adj; Subj... so/that...Adj. In Chinese, 那么 (nàme) and 这么 (zhème) is like "so/that" in English to modify an adjective for increasing the extent, such as "so tall", "that good".
    作业这么多! Zuòyè zhème duō! - There are so much homework!
    怎么那么热? Zěnme nàme rè? - Why is it so hot?

➋妈妈:妈妈今天工作太多了。
太 + adj + (了). 太 is "so, very, excessively". Often 了 is needed in the end.
    我高兴 Wǒ tài gāoxìngle! - I am so happy!
    现在 Xiànzài tài wǎnle. - Now it is too late!

➌但是我都做好了。
to mean "all". Adverb 都 can mean "all" in Chinese. Note it is before verb phrase.
    我们喜欢吃饺子 Wǒmen dōu xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - We both like dumplings.

➍可可:妈妈,你坐在椅子上休息一下。
下/一下 verbal measure word. It is used for measure of movements.
    你写这个字。 Nǐ xiě xià zhège zì. - Write this character.
    他打一下篮球。 Tā dǎ yīxià lánqiú. - He hit the basketball (once).

➎你喝点茶吧。
一点/点 indefinite measure word. It is used for non-personal things meaning "a little".
    喝 hē diǎn shuǐ - drink some water
    吃一点 chī yīdiǎn fàn - have a little food

➏你今天怎么样?
Adverb as predicate. 最近怎么样?:“How are you doing recently?". The same as 最近怎么样?你 is dropped since it is implied. Note 怎么样 is adverb meaning "how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?". It acts as predicate in the sentence. No verb "to be" is needed!
    你爷爷怎么样?他很好。 Nǐ yéye zěnmeyàng? Tā hěn hǎo. - How is your grandpa? He is very well.

➐可可:我比你忙。
比 (bǐ): than. 比 (bǐ) is one of the most common words when comparing things in Chinese similar to "than" in English. The structure is Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj.
    爸爸比妈妈高 Bàba bǐ māma gāo. - My father asked me to call him.
Note. Don't add other adverbs such as 很,非常 etc before adjective except 更,更加 (even more).
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Mom is smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Māma bǐ bàba gèng cōngming. - Mom is even more smarter than dad.
Note. Negation is 不比.
    妈妈不比爸爸聪明 Māma bùbǐ bàba cōngming. - Mom is not smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明

➑一回到家,我就做作业。
一 (yī)... 就 (jiù)...: (1) as soon as ... then ...(2) every time... then This pattern tells us that as soon as one thing happens, then another thing happens immediately afterwards. The pattern involves two different events, the first preceded by "一," and then the second event, which follows in quick succession, preceded by 就.
    我回家做作业。 Wǒ yī huí jiā jiù zuò zuo yè. - I do my homework as soon as I get home..
    他上课想睡觉。 Tā yī shàngkè jiù xiǎng shuìjiào. - Everytime he takes class he feels like falling asleep.

➒作业快做完的时候
Verb + 完: result complement for completion of an action.
    我吃完晚饭了 Wǒ chī wán wǎnfànle. - I have finished (eating) my dinner.

➓大黑狗对我叫
对 + obj + verb phrase. When 对 is used before a noun as a preposition, it points to a certain target, meaning "point to" or "toward to".
    学生对老师说“早上好!” Xuéshēng duì lǎoshī shuō “zǎoshang hǎo!” - The student said to the teacher "Good morning!"
    她对我笑了一下 Tā duì wǒ xiàole yīxià. - She smiled to me.

⓫我们正在玩呢,你就回来了。
正在/正/在 + Verb: action in progress.
    他正在吃饭 Tā zhèngzài chīfàn. - He is eating food.
    我做作业的时候,他来了 Wǒ zhèng zuò zuòyè de shíhou, tā láile. - When I was doing homework, he came.
    你做什么? Nǐ zài zuò shénme? - What are you doing?

⓬也没有看电视、没有吃水果呢!
呢 (ne): particle.It has several applications when it is used in the end of sentence.
(1) indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word, like "What about ...?", "And ...?"
    我睡觉了,你 Wǒ shuìjiàole, nǐ ne? - I go to sleep. How about you?
(2) inquiring about location, like "Where is ...?"
    我的书 Wǒ de shū ne? - Where is my book?
(3) signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board, like "ok?", "are you with me?"
    你想踢足球,还是打篮球
    Nǐ xiǎng tī zúqiú ne, háishì dǎ lánqiú ne? - Will you play soccer or basketball?






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound