HSK2级【为什么不开门 Why not open the door (joke)】Book 1 ~ 7/12

二级词汇16个. 一级词汇8个. 三级生词1个. 新生词4个.
   
一个小正在 一个男子他: “你爸爸 在家 ?” 小孩回答:“在 。”

那人 但是 时间 没有 男子很不高兴孩:“你爸爸 为什么 ?” 孩子说:“我怎么 知道 3不是我家。

生词 New Words
男子 nánzǐ : a man; a male.
yòu : (once) again; also; both... and...; and yet; (used for emphasis) anyway.
门口 ménkǒu : doorway; gate.
àn : to press; to push; to leave aside or shelve; to control; to restrain; to keep one's hand on; to check or refer to.
门铃 ménlíng : doorbell.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊一个小男孩正在门口玩
正在/正/在 + Verb: action in progress.
    他正在吃饭 Tā zhèngzài chīfàn. - He is eating food.
    我做作业的时候,他来了 Wǒ zhèng zuò zuòyè de shíhou, tā láile. - When I was doing homework, he came.
    你做什么? Nǐ zài zuò shénme? - What are you doing?

➋“你爸爸在家吗?”
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➌但是按了很长时间
但是/但/可是: but. It is used before a sentence or sometimes a phrase. 可是 (kěshì) is a bit informal.
    我喜欢她,但是/但她不喜欢我 Wǒ xǐhuān tā, dànshì/dàn tā bù xǐhuān wǒ. - I like her but she doesn’t like me.
    苹果好吃,但是/但太贵了 Píngguǒ hào chī, dànshì/dàn tài guìle. - The apple is delicious but too expensive.
    可是我不喜欢他 Kěshì wǒ bù xǐhuān tā. - But I don't like him.

➍孩子说:“我怎么知道呢
认识 vs 知道: know.
(1) 认识 (rènshi) means "to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; to get acquainted with sb". It is actually more than just "to know". You have to be familiar with it.
    我认识他,他是我哥哥的同学
    Wǒ rènshì tā, tā shì wǒ gēgē de tóngxué. - I knew him. He is my brother's classmate.
(2) 知道 (zhīdào) means to "to know; to become aware of".
    我知道他在我们学校,但是我不认识
    Wǒ zhīdào tā zài wǒmen xuéxiào, dànshì wǒ bù rènshì tā. - I know he is a student of our school. But I haven't met him.

➎这又不是我家。
又 + 不/没 + Predicate: emphasizing negation.
    我又不知道他是老师 Wǒ yòu bù zhīdào tā shì lǎoshī. - I really did not know he was a teacher.
    你别不高兴,我又没说你 Nǐ bié bù gāoxìng, wǒ yòu méi shuō nǐ. - Don't be angry with me. I did not blame you at all.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound