HSK2级【羊肉饺子 Mutton dumplings】Book 6 ~ 4/13

二级词汇19个. 一级词汇17个. 三级生词3个. 四级生词3个. 新生词1个.
   
《羊肉饺子》 今天星期 妈妈 我们 喜欢 吃的羊肉饺子4 饺子4虽然 好吃 但是觉得不是羊肉饺子4 妈妈 说:“对不起 肉在塑料袋4 塑料袋4没有 以为4羊肉 。”

妹妹说:“妈妈 ,我 帮你。”3铅笔在纸上 了“羊肉 3塑料袋4 这样妈妈 知道 妹妹聪明3



生词 New Words
一... 就... : as soon as ... then ...
饺子 jiǎozi : dumpling.
塑料袋 sùliàodài : plastic bag
以为 yǐwéi : think or believe; feel; suppose; assume
yòng : use
fàng : put; place
这样 zhèyàng : this way; like this.
聪明 cōngming : bright; clever; intelligent

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊妈妈做了我们最喜欢吃的羊肉饺子
最 + Psychological Verb (e.g.喜欢) .... "most (likes)...". Note, don't use it for non-psychological verbs.
    我最喜欢吃苹果 Wǒ zuì xǐhuān chī píngguǒ - I like to eat apple the best.
    他最不喜欢吃水果 Tā zuì bù xǐhuān chī shuǐguǒ - Fruit is his least favorite food.

➋饺子虽然很好吃
虽然⋯⋯ 但是⋯⋯ (suīrán... dànshì...): although.... This is one of the most common used patterns in Chinese, especially in written Chinese. Unlike English, you still need to follow it with a "but"(但是) word in Chinese.
    虽然她不漂亮,但是我们都喜欢她。 Suīrán tā bù piàoliang, dànshì wǒmen dōu xǐhuān tā. - Though she is not pretty, we all like her.

➌但是我觉得它不是羊肉饺子
但是/但/可是: but. It is used before a sentence or sometimes a phrase. 可是 (kěshì) is a bit informal.
    我喜欢她,但是/但她不喜欢我 Wǒ xǐhuān tā, dànshì/dàn tā bù xǐhuān wǒ. - I like her but she doesn’t like me.
    苹果好吃,但是/但太贵了 Píngguǒ hào chī, dànshì/dàn tài guìle. - The apple is delicious but too expensive.
    可是我不喜欢他 Kěshì wǒ bù xǐhuān tā. - But I don't like him.

➍塑料袋上没有字
Negation of verb (current/future tense). 我不去:“I won't go". Negation of verb for current and future tense: 不 + verb. For past action, negation is 没/没有 + verb.
    你去饭店吃饭吗?我去。 Nǐ qù fàndiàn chīfàn ma? Wǒ bù qù - Do you go to the restaurant to eat? I don't go.
    你吃饭了吗?我没/没有吃 。 Nǐ chīfànle ma? Wǒ méi/méiyǒu chī. - Have you had food? No, I haven't.

➎我还以为是羊肉呢
以为 (yǐwéi): think mistakenly, to be under the impression . The English verb "to think" can apply to both correct and incorrect notions. Chinese has a specific verb for "to mistakenly think that": 以为 (yǐwéi). Literally, these two characters mean, "take to be," i.e. someone takes one thing to be something else.
    你是中国人?我以为你是日本人呢。 Nǐ shì zhōngguó rén? Wǒ yǐwéi nǐ shì rìběn rén ne. - You are chinese? I thought you were Japanese.
    我以为今天是星期六,所以就没有早点起床。 Wǒ yǐwéi jīntiān shì xīngqíliù, suǒyǐ jiù méiyǒu zǎodiǎn qǐchuáng. - I thought it was Saturday, so I didn't get up early.

➏妈妈,我来帮你吧
来 (lái) as a "dummy verb" The structure for using 来 as a dummy verb is very basic. Usually it is a very short phrase, kind of like "your turn!," "let me give it a shot!," or "you do it!" in English. Usually it is used with 你 or 我 as the subject, and it ends with the 来. Sometimes it can end with a 吧.
    我不行,你吧。 Wǒ bùxíng, nǐ lái ba. - I don't know how to do it. You do it.
    让老师帮你。 Ràng lǎoshī lái bāng nǐ. - Ask the teacher to help you.

➐这样妈妈一看就知道了
一 (yī)... 就 (jiù)...: (1) as soon as ... then ...(2) every time... then This pattern tells us that as soon as one thing happens, then another thing happens immediately afterwards. The pattern involves two different events, the first preceded by "一," and then the second event, which follows in quick succession, preceded by 就.
    我回家做作业。 Wǒ yī huí jiā jiù zuò zuo yè. - I do my homework as soon as I get home..
    他上课想睡觉。 Tā yī shàngkè jiù xiǎng shuìjiào. - Everytime he takes class he feels like falling asleep.
.

➑再也不会错了
再 + Verb.
(1) It is used to express repetition of an action in the future, like "again" or "another" of the same action.
    你说一遍 Nǐ zàishuō yībiàn. - You say it again.
    我喝一杯茶 Wǒ zài hē yībēi chá. - I drink another cup of tea.
(2) It is used as "and then" for future action.
    做完作业,你睡觉 Zuò wán zuòyè, nǐ zài shuìjiào. - After you finish homework then you go to sleep.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound