HSK2级【别告诉爸爸 Don't tell your dad (Joke)】Book 4 ~ 2/11

二级词汇21个. 一级词汇23个. 三级生词3个. 四级生词3个. 五级生词2个. 新生词5个.
   
4 减肥4 早上上班 ,她 丈夫一起跑步 晚上

昨天 觉得 饿3 下班偷偷 饺子4 没想到儿子 看见 :“儿子 饺子4好吃 饺子4 但是,你告诉爸爸 要不5以后 了!” 儿子 说:“放心3妈妈 告诉爸爸 爸爸 上个星期 3 饭店包子5没有 。”

生词 New Words
偷偷 tōutou : stealthily; secretly; covertly; furtively; on the sly
上个 shàngge : first (of two parts); last (week etc); previous; the above
最近 zuìjìn : recently; of late; lately
减肥 jiǎnféi : lose weight
饿 è : hungry
下班 xiàbān : to get off work.
饺子 jiǎozi : dumpling.
没想到 méixiǎngdào : didn't expect.
要不 yàobù : otherwise, if not
以后 yǐhòu : after.
放心 fàngxīn : be assured
dài : carry; take; bring; bear
包子 bāozi : steamed stuffed bun.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊高小新最近在减肥
在 + location / 在 + Verb. 在 + location means "to be in (inside) a location". 在 is a verb. But 在 + Verb means an action is in the process. It is like "to be doing" in English.
    你在哪里?我在公园里 Nǐ zài nǎlǐ? Wǒ zài gōngyuán lǐ. - Where are you? I am in the park.
    他在跳舞, 她在唱歌 Tā zài tiàowǔ, tā zài chànggē. - He is dancing. She is singing.

➋饺子真好吃!
真 + Adj/psychological verbs: really.... Chinese use adverb 真 (zhēn) a lot to mean "really" or "truly" before an adjective or psychological verbs such as 想, 喜欢, 怕, 愿意 etc.
    她真漂亮 Tā zhēn piàoliang! - She is really beautiful!
    我真喜欢她! Wǒ zhēn xǐhuān tā! - I really like her!

➌要不,以后我就不给你吃了!”
要不 (yàobù) . There are several different meanings depending on the context.
(1) Otherwise= 要不然(yàobùrán)
    你快一点,要不上学迟到了
    Nǐ kuài yīdiǎn, yào bù shàngxué chídàole. - Hurry up.Otherwise you will be late for school.
(2) Offer a suggestion
    我们学习很长时间了,要不我们休息一下吧
    Wǒmen xuéxí hěn cháng shíjiānle, yào bù wǒmen xiūxí yīxià ba - We have studied for a long time. Let's rest.

➍爸爸上个星期带我去饭店吃包子
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➎我就没有对你说吧。”
对 + obj + verb phrase. When 对 is used before a noun as a preposition, it points to a certain target, meaning "point to" or "toward to".
    学生对老师说“早上好!” Xuéshēng duì lǎoshī shuō “zǎoshang hǎo!” - The student said to the teacher "Good morning!"
    她对我笑了一下 Tā duì wǒ xiàole yīxià. - She smiled to me.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound