HSK2级【拔牙 Pulling out a tooth】Book 3 ~ 7/11

二级词汇15个. 一级词汇9个. 三级生词5个. 四级生词1个. 六级生词1个. 新生词6个.
   
个人3,去看医生。 但是非常害怕3拔牙 医生 他说:“你不害怕3 这里有一杯 一点镇静6镇静。”了。 病人 了一3 觉得 3一杯

分钟 后,医生 他: “你现在 觉得怎么样 是不是好 了? 害怕3拔牙吗?” 病人眼、恶狠狠3医生 说: “我看 4我的?”

生词 New Words
: tooth。
拔牙 báyá : to extract a tooth
jiǔ : wine (esp. rice wine); liquor; spirits; alcoholic beverage
恶狠狠 èhěnhěn : very fierce
téng : ache; hurt
害怕 hàipà : be afraid; be frightened
镇静 zhènjìng : calm; cool
病人 bìngrén : patient.
kǒu : used for people and some animals ★ mouth
: particle marking the following noun as a direct object.
de : (adj)-ly.
gǎn : to dare.
: to pull up; to pull out

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊但是他非常害怕拔牙
但是/但/可是: but. It is used before a sentence or sometimes a phrase. 可是 (kěshì) is a bit informal.
    我喜欢她,但是/但她不喜欢我 Wǒ xǐhuān tā, dànshì/dàn tā bù xǐhuān wǒ. - I like her but she doesn’t like me.
    苹果好吃,但是/但太贵了 Píngguǒ hào chī, dànshì/dàn tài guìle. - The apple is delicious but too expensive.
    可是我不喜欢他 Kěshì wǒ bù xǐhuān tā. - But I don't like him.

➋医生对他说:“你不要害怕
跟(对)⋯⋯说(gēn/duì): (talk) to/towards/with... . When using the verb 说, 跟 and 对 can both be used in a similar sentence pattern. 跟 and 对 are both prepositions, and they both express one person speaking to another.
    他我说他爱我。 Tā gēn wǒ shuō tā ài wǒ. - He told me that he loves me..
    你他说了什么? Nǐ duì tā shuōle shénme. - What did you say to him?.

➌这里有一杯酒
Location + 有 . It is like "there to be... in a location" in English.
    中国十三亿人 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - There are 1.3 billion people in China.
    一年12个月 Yī nián yǒu shí'èr gè yuè. - There are 12 months in a year.

➍就把一杯酒都喝完了
把 sentence. The 把 (bǎ) sentence is a common structure in Chinese focusing on the result or influence of an action. It can feel a bit strange for English speakers at first.
Normal sentence is Subj + Verb phrase + Obj. Converting to 把 sentence, it is Subj + 把 + Obj + Verb phrase. This structure is used due to several reasons.
(1) The verb phrase may have a modifier such as result complement, which CANNOT insert anything in between grammatically.
    他杯子放在桌子上。 Tā bǎ bēizi fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - He put the cup on the table. 他放杯子在桌子上 (在桌子上 has to be closely connected to verb 放)
(2) Speaker wants to emphasize the object.
    你吃饺子吧。 Nǐ chī jiǎozi ba. - You eat the dumplings.
    => 你把饺子吧 (speaker emphasized food 饺子) Nǐ bǎ jiǎozi chīle ba.
(3) Verb phrase may have two objects and become congested. Note Chinese like to use simple sentence. Put one object before makes sentence clean.
    他送给我 => 他把花送给我 Tā sòng huā gěi wǒ. - He sent me flowers.

➎是不是好些了?
Affirmative-negative question: Verb/Adj + 不 + Verb/Adj. This is a very common way in Chinese to raise a question. It is similar to English like "... do something or not?".
    你是不是小高? Nǐ shì bù shì Xiǎogāo? - Are you Mr Gao?
    你去不去 Nǐ qù bù qù? - Do you go or not?
    你要不要吃苹果? Nǐ yào bù yào chī píngguǒ? - Don't you want an apple?
    他好不好 Tā hǎo bù hǎo? - Is he nice?
    我高不高 Wǒ gāo bù gāo? - Am I tall?






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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