凯文★：今天 我玩得真愉快4。➊ 已经六点十分了，我该★回去了。➋
艾米★：吃过晚饭★再走吧，➌ 我妈妈 给你做中国 菜。➍
凯文：谢谢 ！我喜欢 吃中国 菜。 但是我今天 晚上有事★，必须3回去。➎ 下星期 天你去我家吧。
生词 New Words：
凯文 kǎiwén : Kevin
艾米 àimǐ : Amy
愉快 yúkuài : happy; pleased; joyful
该 gāi : that, the above-mentioned; should; probably; to owe; to be sb's turn to do sth.
晚饭 wǎnfàn : dinner.
有事 yǒushì : to be occupied with sth; to have sth on one's mind; there is something the matter.
必须 bìxū : must; have to
语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊凯文：今天我玩得真愉快。的/地/得(de): structural particle
. (1) 的 (de), most often used for modifying nouns; (2) 地 (de), most often used with adverbial phrases; (3) 得 (de), most often used with complements
老师。 Tā dí gēgē shì wǒ de lǎoshī. - His older brother is my teacher.
去学校了。 Tā gāoxìng de qù xuéxiàole. - He happily went to school.
太快了。 Tā pǎo dé tài kuàile. - You ran too fast.
➋已经六点十分了，我该回去了。已经 + ...(了): already...
上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office. 已经
下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.应该 (yīnggāi): should (auxiliary verb )
The auxiliary verb 应该 (yīnggāi) is the most common way to express "should" in Chinese. In spoken Chinese, 该 (gāi) is often used as well.
八点前到学校。 Nǐ yīnggāi bā diǎn qián dào xuéxiào. - You should go to school before 8:00.
睡觉了。 Shí diǎnle, gāi shuìjiàole. - It’s ten o'clock. Should go to sleep.
➌艾米：吃过晚饭再走吧，Verb + 过 (guo): to indicate that an action has been experienced in the past.
What this expresses is that the verb has been done at least once before, without specifying a particular time. 过 (guo) is used to talk about whether something has ever happened - whether it has been experienced. Negation is 没有/没 + Verb + 过
饭了吗？ Nǐ chīguò fànle ma? - Did you have food?
这个电影。 Wǒ méi kànguò zhège diànyǐng. - I have not seen this movie.
➍我妈妈给你做中国菜。给 gěi: to, for; to hand over
. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
她 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.
. It is used before a sentence or sometimes a phrase. 可是 (kěshì) is a bit informal.
她不喜欢我 Wǒ xǐhuān tā, dànshì/dàn tā bù xǐhuān wǒ. - I like her but she doesn’t like me.
太贵了 Píngguǒ hào chī, dànshì/dàn tài guìle. - The apple is delicious but too expensive. 可是
我不喜欢他 Kěshì wǒ bù xǐhuān tā. - But I don't like him.
➏艾米：我会去的。欢迎你再来！会 + Verb + Obj: (1) has ability to do something; (2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future
(1) As an auxiliary word 会 can be used to express an ability that has been LEARNED. It could be cooking, language, driving etc.
说中文 Wǒ huì shuō zhōngwén. - I can speak Chinese.
开车吗？ Nǐ huì kāichē ma? - Can you drive a car?
(2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future
下雨吗？ Míngtiān huì xiàyǔ ma? - Will it rain tomorrow?
打电话给你 Wǒ míngtiān huì dǎ diànhuà gěi nǐ. - I will call you tomorrow.