HSK2级【送客人 See the guest off】Book 2 ~ 12/12

二级词汇13个. 一级词汇7个. 三级生词1个. 四级生词1个. 新生词5个.
   
凯文今天4 已经六点十分了,我回去了。
艾米:吃晚饭妈妈 你做中国 菜。
凯文:谢谢 !我喜欢中国 菜。 但是今天 晚上有事必须3回去。星期 天你去我家
艾米:我会去的。欢迎来!
凯文:好。再见


生词 New Words
凯文 kǎiwén : Kevin
艾米 àimǐ : Amy
愉快 yúkuài : happy; pleased; joyful
gāi : that, the above-mentioned; should; probably; to owe; to be sb's turn to do sth.
晚饭 wǎnfàn : dinner.
有事 yǒushì : to be occupied with sth; to have sth on one's mind; there is something the matter.
必须 bìxū : must; have to

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊凯文:今天我玩得真愉快。
的/地/得(de): structural particle . (1) 的 (de), most often used for modifying nouns; (2) 地 (de), most often used with adverbial phrases; (3) 得 (de), most often used with complements
    他哥哥是我老师。 Tā dí gēgē shì wǒ de lǎoshī. - His older brother is my teacher.
    他高兴去学校了。 Tā gāoxìng de qù xuéxiàole. - He happily went to school.
    他跑太快了。 Tā pǎo dé tài kuàile. - You ran too fast.

➋已经六点十分了,我该回去了。
已经 + ...(了): already....
    他已经上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office.
    已经下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.

应该 (yīnggāi): should (auxiliary verb ) The auxiliary verb 应该 (yīnggāi) is the most common way to express "should" in Chinese. In spoken Chinese, 该 (gāi) is often used as well.
    你应该八点前到学校。 Nǐ yīnggāi bā diǎn qián dào xuéxiào. - You should go to school before 8:00.
    十点了,睡觉了。 Shí diǎnle, gāi shuìjiàole. - It’s ten o'clock. Should go to sleep.


➌艾米:吃过晚饭再走吧,
Verb + 过 (guo): to indicate that an action has been experienced in the past. What this expresses is that the verb has been done at least once before, without specifying a particular time. 过 (guo) is used to talk about whether something has ever happened - whether it has been experienced. Negation is 没有/没 + Verb + 过
    你吃过饭了吗? Nǐ chīguò fànle ma? - Did you have food?
    我没看过这个电影。 Wǒ méi kànguò zhège diànyǐng. - I have not seen this movie.

➍我妈妈给你做中国菜。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➎但是我今天晚上有事,必须回去。
但是/但/可是: but. It is used before a sentence or sometimes a phrase. 可是 (kěshì) is a bit informal.
    我喜欢她,但是/但她不喜欢我 Wǒ xǐhuān tā, dànshì/dàn tā bù xǐhuān wǒ. - I like her but she doesn’t like me.
    苹果好吃,但是/但太贵了 Píngguǒ hào chī, dànshì/dàn tài guìle. - The apple is delicious but too expensive.
    可是我不喜欢他 Kěshì wǒ bù xǐhuān tā. - But I don't like him.

➏艾米:我会去的。欢迎你再来!
会 + Verb + Obj: (1) has ability to do something; (2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future .
(1) As an auxiliary word 会 can be used to express an ability that has been LEARNED. It could be cooking, language, driving etc.
    我说中文 Wǒ huì shuō zhōngwén. - I can speak Chinese.
    你开车吗? Nǐ huì kāichē ma? - Can you drive a car?
(2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future
    明天下雨吗? Míngtiān huì xiàyǔ ma? - Will it rain tomorrow?
    我明天打电话给你 Wǒ míngtiān huì dǎ diànhuà gěi nǐ. - I will call you tomorrow.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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