HSK2级【微信留言 WeChat Message】Book 5 ~ 4/12

二级词汇13个. 一级词汇16个. 三级生词3个. 五级生词1个. 新生词2个.
   
妈妈 :欢欢,你回来了。姥姥5 电话了, 她这身体 好, 我们 去看看她
欢欢:我们 现在 去,爸爸 知道吗?
妈妈 :我刚才3打了电话,他没3微信
欢欢:怎么
妈妈 容易3,你写你说的事情
欢欢:好,我现在 一个:

爸爸妈妈 打电话 ,你不 现在 我和妈妈姥姥5家, 晚上 回来 欢欢。12月5下午 4时。

欢欢:妈妈 ,我 了,你看一看。
妈妈 :写我们

生词 New Words
回来 huílai : to return.
姥姥 lǎolao : (informal) mother's mother; maternal grandmother
刚才 gāngcái : a moment ago; just now
jiē : to answer (the phone). ★ accept; receive ★ go on
微信 Wēixìn : Weixin or WeChat (mobile text and voice messaging service developed by Tencent
容易 róngyì : easy; ready

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊妈妈:我刚才打了电话,他没接。
刚 (gāng) vs 刚才 (gāngcái) : just now Though both have meaning of 'just now', they are actually different.
(1) [adv] 刚 as "Just Happened" before a verb/adjective, meaning 'a short time ago" which is determined by the speaker. 刚刚 is similar.
    我下班。 Wǒ gāng xiàbān - I just got off work
    我刚才下班
    我上个星期刚去北京。 Wǒ shàng gè xīngqí gāng qù Běijīng - I just went to Beijing last week.
    他感冒刚好 Tā gǎnmào gānghǎo - He just recovered from the cold.
(2) [noun] 刚才 is a time noun, and it expresses that time elapsed is really short terms, often less than 5 minutes. When used before a verb, 刚才 emphasizes something happened "just now."
    他刚才走了。 Tā gāngcái zǒule - He just left.
    刚才我有点不舒服。 Gāngcái wǒ yǒudiǎn bú shūfú. - I was a little uncomfortable just now.
    我有点不舒服。
    刚才的事情真让我生气。 Gāngcái de shìqíng zhēn ràng wǒ shēngqì - What happened just made me angry.
    刚的事情真让我生气。

➋你给他写个微信吧。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➌妈妈:很容易,你就写你要说的事情。
要 + action. It means "to want; to ask for; will; going to (as future auxiliary)". When it follows by an action, it usually means "going to" as future auxiliary.
    我们去北京旅游一个月 Wǒmen yào qù Běijīng lǚyóu yīgè yuè. - We are going to travel in Beijing for a month.
    姐姐买一块手表给我 Jiějie yāomǎi yīkuài shǒubiǎo gěi wǒ. - My sister will buy a watch for me.

➍欢欢:好,我现在就写一个:
It is often used as adverb meaning "at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then".
    还有二十三天,我们学校放假了 Hái yǒu èrshísān tiān, wǒmen xuéxiào jiù fàngjiàle. - There are only 23 days left before our school goes for vacation. expresses "right away" here.
    两个星期前,我买了花给她 Liǎng gè xīngqí qián, wǒ jiù mǎile huā gěi tā. - As early as two weeks ago, I bought flowers to her. here means "as early as".

➎爸爸,妈妈给你打电话,你不在。
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➏晚上八点前回来。
event/time period + (以)前/(以)后. It expresses time before/after an event or time duration.
    今年放暑假 jīnnián fàng shǔjià hòu - after the summer vacation this year
    两个星期 liǎng gè xīngqí qián - two weeks before






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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