HSK2级【两个 Two (joke)】Book 4 ~ 5/11

二级词汇30个. 一级词汇23个. 三级生词2个. 四级生词1个. 五级生词2个. 新生词6个.
   
朋友 一起打篮球 后来3 咖啡 他的今年 眼睛大大的 非常漂亮 可爱3一个 她的房间 唱歌跳舞

后来3 没有 弟弟妹妹好玩哥哥,你 :“我的 开心果?” 我说我不知道 :“你4 要是54 我手 你。 :你 已经告诉我了4个。 张开了: “你了! 一个!”觉得非常不好意思5

生词 New Words
后来 hòulái : later.
可爱 : adorable; cute; lovely.
一个人 yīgèrén : by oneself.
好玩 hǎowán : fun.
cāi : to guess.
开心果 kāixīnguǒ : pistachio nuts.
要是 yàoshi : if.
张开 zhāngkāi : to open up.
不好意思 bùhǎoyìsi : to feel embarrassed.
今年 jīnnián : this year.
shǒu : hand.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊我和朋友一起打篮球
打: (1) to hit, to strike (2) to do ... .
(1) 打 as a verb is used a lot in Chinese. Its original meaning is "to strike".
    别小孩。 Bié dǎ xiǎohái. - Don't beat kids.
(2) 打 + object: to do/play something. For example, 打电话,打篮球,打票,打字 etc.
    他在打电话 Tā zài dǎ diànhuà. - He is on the phone.
    我打字很快。 Wǒ dǎzì hěn kuài. - I type very quickly.

➋后来我去他家喝咖啡。
Event1 + 后来 + Event2. 后来(hòulái) is used to connect past events like "later, after" in English. Note 后来 can only be used with two events that have already occurred.
    他说要去北京,后来他说不去了
    Tā shuō yào qù Běijīng, hòulái tā shuō bu qùle. - He said he would go to Beijing. Later he said he would not go.

➌他的女儿今年五岁
Numeral serves as predicate. In Chinese, numeral can serve as predicate. Unlike English, no verb is needed. Actually almost any word can serve as predicate.
    我十三 Wǒ shísān. - I am thirteen.
    他八岁 Tā bā suì. - He is eight-years old. (八岁 is predicate. Don't add 是 before 十三 or 八岁.)

➍眼睛大大的
Adjective as predicate. Adjective can serve as predicate. No verb is needed. But 很 is often used before adjective to modify it. In English, you don't need to translate it as "very".
    他很高 (Not 他高) Tā hěn gāo. - He is tall.
    爷爷身体不好 Yéye shēntǐ bù hǎo. - Grandpa is not in good health.

➎大哥哥,你能和我玩吗?
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?

➏她问:“我的手里有几个开心果?”
Location + 有 . It is like "there to be... in a location" in English.
    中国十三亿人 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - There are 1.3 billion people in China.
    一年12个月 Yī nián yǒu shí'èr gè yuè. - There are 12 months in a year.

Owner + 有 . It is like "someone have/has ..." in English.
    我一个弟弟 Wǒ yǒu yī gè dìdi.- I have a younger brother.

➐要是你猜对了
如果/要是...(的话): if.要是 is informal.
    如果/要是明天下雨,他就不去学校了
    Rúguǒ/yàoshi míngtiān xiàyǔ, tā jiù bù qù xuéxiàole. - If it rains tomorrow, he will not go to school.
    如果/要是你八点来(的话),那就好了
    Rúguǒ/yàoshi nǐ bā diǎn lái (dehuà), nà jiù hǎole. - If you can come at 8, that would be great.

➑我手里的两个都给你。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➒我想:你都已经告诉我了
Adverb 都 (dōu) before verb phrase: (1) all; (2) emphasizing .
(1) Adverb 都 can mean "all" in Chinese. Note it is before verb phrase.
    我们喜欢吃饺子 Wǒmen dōu xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - We both like dumplings.
(2) You can use 都 (dōu) to emphasize the quantity of something or timing of some action.
    你玩了好几个小时了。 Nǐ dōu wánle hǎojǐ gè xiǎoshíliǎo. - You have been playing for hours.
    我不知道你买车了。 Wǒ dū bù zhīdào nǐ mǎi chēle. - I don't even know that you bought a car.

➓你还让我猜?
Causative verbs 让, 叫, 请, 使, . Causative verbs cause or influence people to do things. In English, these are verbs like "make, let, have, get". Most common ones are: 让 (ràng), 叫 (jiào), 请 (qǐng), 使 (shǐ). The common structure is Subj. + Causative Verb + Someone + Predicate.
    爸爸我打电话给他 Bàba ràng wǒ dǎ diànhuà gěi tā. - My father asked me to call him.
    你不听话,你老师怎么办? Nǐ bù tīnghuà, nǐ jiào lǎoshī zěnmebàn? - You did not listen. What do you expect the teacher to do?
    你来一下,好吗? Qǐng nǐ lái yīxià, hǎo ma? - Can I ask you to come over?
    大雨使很多学生不能去学校 Dàyǔ shǐ hěnduō xuéshēng bùnéng qù xuéxiào. - The heavy rain caused many students not to go to school.

⓫她听完张开手笑了:
Verb + 完: result complement for completion of an action.
    我吃完晚饭了 Wǒ chī wán wǎnfànle. - I have finished (eating) my dinner.

⓬我真觉得非常不好意思。
真 + Adj/psychological verbs: really.... Chinese use adverb 真 (zhēn) a lot to mean "really" or "truly" before an adjective or psychological verbs such as 想, 喜欢, 怕, 愿意 etc.
    她真漂亮 Tā zhēn piàoliang! - She is really beautiful!
    我真喜欢她! Wǒ zhēn xǐhuān tā! - I really like her!






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:Reading Comprehension 阅读理解

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound