HSK2级【买书 Buying books】Book 5 ~ 11/12

二级词汇14个. 一级词汇15个. 三级生词5个. 四级生词2个. 新生词7个.
   
汤姆:大卫,你这 意思
大卫:,是买的。
汤姆: 哪儿 买的?
大卫:在学校 3书店买的。
汤姆: 书店怎么
大卫:3 一直343了。
汤姆:谢谢
小明:汤姆,我知道书店哪儿正好4 作业3本。买书,我3一起
汤姆: 好了,小明。 放学我们 一起去。

生词 New Words
书店 shūdiàn : bookstore
汤姆 tāngmǔ : Tom
大卫 Dàwèi : David.
附近 fùjìn : nearby; neighbour; vicinity; proximity
xiàng : to; towards
zuǒ : left. Surname.
一直 yìzhí : all the time
wǎng : to; toward
路口 lùkǒu : crossing; intersection (of roads).
guǎi : to turn (a corner etc).
正好 zhènghǎo : suitable; happen to...
作业 zuòyè : school assignment; study assignment.
gēn : to follow ★ with
放学 fàngxué : to dismiss students at the end of the school day. Opposite of "上学".

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊大卫,你这本书真有意思,
真 + Adj/psychological verbs: really.... Chinese use adverb 真 (zhēn) a lot to mean "really" or "truly" before an adjective or psychological verbs such as 想, 喜欢, 怕, 愿意 etc.
    她真漂亮 Tā zhēn piàoliang! - She is really beautiful!
    我真喜欢她! Wǒ zhēn xǐhuān tā! - I really like her!

➋是新买的吗?
是...的 to emphasize. Something in between 是 and 的 is the item to be emphasized. It could be a sentence or a phrase.
    我来吃饭 Wǒ shì lái chīfàn de. - I came here for food.
    她的头发 Tā de tóufa shì hóng de. - Her hair is red.
    你怎么来 Nǐ shì zěnme lái de? - How did you come?

➌出校门,向左,
向(xiàng) + Obj + verb: [prep] towards, from... .
(1) 向 + Direction / Person + Verb: toward
    他学校走去。 Tā xiàng xuéxiào zǒu qù. - He walked to the school.
    他我笑了笑。 Tā xiàng wǒ xiàole xiào. - He smiled at me.
(2) 向 + Person + Verb: from
    我们要你学习。 Wǒmen yào xiàng nǐ xuéxí. - We will learn from you.
    别我借钱,我没钱。 Bié xiàng wǒ jiè qián, wǒ méi qián. - Don't borrow money from me, I don't have money.

➍一直往前走,
Adverb 一直: all along. 一直 (yīzhí) is used to express an action continuously since a certain time, or that something will continuously happen in the future.
    我一直在学习中文 Wǒ yīzhí zài xuéxí Zhōngwén. - I have been studying Chinese all along.
    他一直很忙 Tā yīzhí hěn máng. - He is always busy.

➎见到路口,向左一拐就到了。
一 + Action1 + 就 + Action2: As soon as Action1, then Action2.
    我回家做作业 Wǒ yī huíjiā jiù zuò zuòyè. - As soon as I return home I do my homework.
    (天)下雨他不想去学校
    (Tiān) yīxiàyǔ tā jiù bùxiǎng qù xuéxiào. - As soon as it rains he does not want to go to school.

➏我正好也要买作业本。
正好 + Verb phrase: happen to be....
    你来了,我正好要找你
    Nǐ láile, wǒ zhènghǎo yào zhǎo nǐ. - You are here! I was just looking for you.

➐你要买书,我跟你一起去。
跟(gēn) as [conj]: with; and When 跟 is used as a conjunction connecting two nouns, it is often used in structure "Subj + 跟 + Person + (一起) + Verb + Obj." In this case it is similar to .
    我跟/和你一起去。 Wǒ gēn nǐ/hé yīqǐ qù - I am going with you.
    你跟/和谁去看电影了? Nǐ gēn/hé shéi qù kàn diànyǐngle? - Who did you watch mavie with?
Note some verbs take objects in English but not in Chinese. They may need before the object.
    你他在饭店见面 Nǐ gēn tā zài fàndiàn jiànmiàn - You meet him at the restaurant.
    你在饭店见面他
    他他的女朋友结婚了。 Tā gēn tā de nǚ péngyǒu jiéhūnle. - He is married to his girlfriend.
    他结婚他的女朋友了。

➑太好了,小明。
太 + adj + (了). 太 is "so, very, excessively". Often 了 is needed in the end.
    我高兴 Wǒ tài gāoxìngle! - I am so happy!
    现在 Xiànzài tài wǎnle. - Now it is too late!

➒放学后我们一起去。
一起 (yīqǐ) : together 一起 (yīqǐ) is the easiest way to express an action being done together with other people. The structure is "Subj. + 一起 + Verb + Obj." The subject must be plural.
    我们一起回家吧。 Wǒmen yīqǐ huí jiā ba. - Let's go home together.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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