HSK2级【您从哪里来 Where are you from】Book 5 ~ 12/12

二级词汇25个. 一级词汇18个. 三级生词3个. 五级生词1个. 六级生词2个. 新生词13个.
   
孩子正在 来一3老人 孩子们看:“老爷爷3 哪里来,您 ?” 老人说:“我是这个的人, 现在 回来了。” 孩子们说:“我们 怎么 没见?” 老人了笑说:“我3这里五十多年了, 你们怎么 ?”3老人唐朝诗人贺知章

知道贺知章回来了,童年朋友 来看他。 大家一起,有说不的话。 朋友 说:“你 这么多年了, 口音6一点儿 。” 晚上贺知章想起事情 怎么 睡不zháo 了一5

《回乡xiāngǒu书》
shào家老大回,
乡音无改鬓bìn毛衰cuī
儿童相见不相识,
何处来。

年来 的人, 故乡6时候 想起5

生词 New Words
白发 báifà : white or gray hair
唐朝 Tángcháo : Tang dynasty (618-907)
贺知章 Hè Zhīzhāng : He Zhizhang (659-744), Tang dynasty poet
童年 tóngnián : childhood
想起 xiǎngqǐ : to recall; to think of; to call to mind
白天 báitiān : daytime; during the day; day
年来 niánlái : this past year; over the last years
xiāng : country or countryside; native place; home village or town
cūn : village.
wèi : used for people
老人 lǎorén : the elderly.
爷爷 yéye : grandfather, also used as a title of respect for an old man
离开 líkāi : leave; to be away from; part from; separate from
诗人 shīrén : bard; poet.
口音 kǒuyīn : oral speech sounds (linguistics);voice; accent
gǎi : to change; to alter; to transform; to correct.
shǒu : classifier for poems, songs etc.
shī : poem; poetry; verse
故乡 gùxiāng : home; homeland; native place

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊几个孩子正在村边玩,
几 (jǐ): how much; how many; several; a few. In a question, it means "how much, how many". In a statement, it means "a few, several". From quantity point of view, 几 refers to small numbers from 1 to 9.
    你有本书? Nǐ yǒu jǐ běn shū? - How many books do you have?
    我有本书,你看吗? Wǒ yǒu jǐ běn shū, nǐ kàn ma? - I have several books. Do you want to read?
    这是 Zhè shì jǐ? - How much is this?

➋路上走来一位白发老人。
位 measure word. It is used for people to show respect. It is before "what kind of people" instead of directly 人.
    三客人,一老师 sān wèi kèrén, yī wèi lǎoshī - three guests, a teacher
    二位人 二位老人

➌您从哪里来,您找谁?”
. It is "you" but with respect.
    老师,早! Lǎoshī, nín zǎo! - Good morning! Teacher.

➍老人笑着说:“我就是这个村的人,
Verb + 着. Aspect particle 着 (zhe) after a verb indicates
(1) the continuous action of the verb, like do-ing form in English;
    我在这里等你。 Wǒ zài zhèlǐ děngzhe nǐ. - I am here waiting for you.
(2) for manner or state in which an action is performed.
    他笑说... Tā xiàozhe shuō... - She smiled and said... (saying while smiling)

➎孩子们说:“我们怎么没见过您?”
... plural forms. 他们,你们,我们:“they/them, you/you, we/us". 们 is used as plural form for pronouns such as 我,你, 他,她. It can ONLY be used for people to express plural form, e.g.
    老师,同学 Lǎoshīmen, tóngxuémen - teachers, students.
Note, in Chinese a noun can be itself a single form or plural form.
    学校有一个 Xuéxiào yǒu yī gè rén. - There is one person at school.
    中国有十三亿 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - China has 130 million people.

➏你们怎么会见过我呢?”
过(guò): (1) (experienced action marker) (2) verb: to cross; to go over; to pass (time); to celebrate (a holiday); to live; to get along; (3) excessively; too
(1.1) 过 is "experienced action marker" in structure "Verb + 过". Usually there is indication of time or fuzzy time if any.
    我去过北京。 Wǒ qùguò běijīng. - I went to Beijing before.
    我前年去过北京。 Wǒ qiánnián qùguò běijīng. - I went to Beijing the year before.
(1.2) 过 is "experienced action marker" specially indicating the completion of action in structure "Verb + 过 + ". It is similar to "had finished something" in English.
    我去过北京 Wǒ qùguò běijīngle. - I have been to Beijing.
(2) verb: to cross; to go over; to pass (time); to celebrate (a holiday); to live; to get along
    你来。 Nǐ guòlái. - Come over here.
    他今天生日。 Tā jīntiānguò shēngrì. - He celebrated his birthday today.
    了几分钟,车子来了。 Guòle jǐ fēnzhōng, chēzi láile.. - After a few minutes, the car came.
(3) adverb meaning "excessively; too" after verb or being used separately.
    你的话说得有点了,他生气了。 Nǐ dehuà shuō de yǒudiǎnguòle, tā shēngqìle. - Your words are a bit too much, he is angry.
    作业多,一个小时做不完。 Zuòyèguò duō, yīgè xiǎoshí zuò bù wán. - Too many homework, it's impossible to finish it in one hour.

➐大家坐在一起,有说不完的话。
Verb + 完: result complement for completion of an action.
    我吃完晚饭了 Wǒ chī wán wǎnfànle. - I have finished (eating) my dinner.
Negation (1) 没(有) + Verb + 完 (2) Verb + 不完
    他没(有)吃完早饭就去学校了 Tā méi (yǒu) chī wán zǎofàn jiù qù xuéxiàole. - He didn't finished his breakfast and went to school.
    我每天做不完的工作 Wǒ měitiān zuò bù wán de gōngzuò. - I can't finish my work every day.

➑口音一点儿也没改。”
"not at all": 一点也不,一点都不,一点也没(有),一点都没(有)
    我一点(儿)也不饿。 Wǒ yīdiǎn er yě bù è. - I am not hungry at all.
    她一点(儿)都不高。 Tā yīdiǎn er dōu bù gāo. - She is not tall at all.
    我一点时间也没有 Wǒ yīdiǎn shíjiān yě méiyǒu. - I haven't had a time at all.
    他一点(儿)都没告诉我。 Tā yīdiǎn er dōu méi gàosù wǒ. - He didn't tell me at all.

➒怎么也睡不着,就写了一首诗:
首 shǒu: Individual measure for a piece of a poem or song.
    a song 一yī shǒu gē, a poem 一 yī shǒu shī

➓回到故乡的时候,都会想起这首诗。
会 + Verb + Obj: (1) has ability to do something; (2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future .
(1) As an auxiliary word 会 can be used to express an ability that has been LEARNED. It could be cooking, language, driving etc.
    我说中文 Wǒ huì shuō zhōngwén. - I can speak Chinese.
    你开车吗? Nǐ huì kāichē ma? - Can you drive a car?
(2) express the possibility of an action happening in the future
    明天下雨吗? Míngtiān huì xiàyǔ ma? - Will it rain tomorrow?
    我明天打电话给你 Wǒ míngtiān huì dǎ diànhuà gěi nǐ. - I will call you tomorrow.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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