HSK2级【我厉害吧? I am amazing!】Book 4 ~ 11/11

二级词汇19个. 一级词汇6个. 三级生词7个. 四级生词7个. 五级生词1个. 新生词3个.
   
天我儿子 回家,骄傲4地说:今天 厉害4了。:你干什么 了? 儿子 说:我们 今天 考试了,数学33了。 4分120,我们3考了70多3 只有4一个人343 妈妈,你4他是 :是的还是的? 儿子说:当然3的。

儿子 骄傲4表情5 我的开始激动4起来。 我说:难道4是? 我说儿子 说:3第一 他是我们 3学霸一下4是他。 妈妈,我厉害4

生词 New Words
xīn : heart; mind; intention; center; core
学霸 xuébà : (slang) top student; bookworm
骄傲 jiāo'ào : proud
: can; may; able to; to approve; to permit; to suit; (particle used for emphasis) certainly; very.
厉害 lìhai : grave; serious; acute
数学 shùxué : mathematics
nán : difficult; hard
mǎn : filled; full of
cái : late, indicating just happened ★ just; only (indicating only one solution)
fēn : minute; point; to divide; to separate; 0.01 yuan (unit of money). ★ minute; point; ★ to divide; to separate
只有 zhǐyǒu : only.
: hold; take
cāi : to guess. ★ cāi: guess
当然 dāngrán : of course; naturally; certainly
表情 biǎoqíng : (facial) expression
激动 jīdòng : stir; excite; move
难道 nándào : used in a rhetorical question
bān : class

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊前两天我儿子回家,骄傲地说:
两 vs 二: two. 两 is used when referring to "two of something". 二 is used when counting numbers, or phone number etc.
    个人,个月, liǎng gè rén, liǎng gè yuè, liǎng nián - two people, two months, two years
    十十块钱, shí'èr, èrshí kuài qián, èrshí'èr hào - twelve, 20 dollars, 22nd

➋我今天可厉害了。
可(kě) as adverb: (particle used for emphasis) certainly; very It is often used in spoken language before adjective or some verbs.
    他高兴了。 Tā kě gāoxìngle. - He is very happy.
    我喜欢吃饺子了。 Wǒ kě xǐhuān chī jiǎozile. - I like to eat dumplings very much.

➌满分120,我们才考了70多分。
adverb 才 + Verb/Noun. 才 (cái) as an adverb means "only; only then; just now". It expresses "small quantity" or "shortness in time" or "lateness in time" for the PAST action.
    我喝了一杯水 Wǒ cái hēle yībēi shuǐ. - I only drank a cup of water.
    我中文学了一个月 Wǒ Zhōngwén cáixuéle yīgè yuè - I only studied Chinese for one month.
    你这么晚下班? Nǐ zhème wǎn cái xiàbān? - Why did you get out of work so late?


➍只有一个人拿了满分!
只有 + noun/verb phrase. 只有 (zhǐyǒu) means "only" before a noun. But it can mean "only if" if before a verb phrase, and usually pairs with 才 (cái).
    我只有一个孩子 Wǒ zhǐyǒu yīgè háizi. - I have only one child.
    只有好好学习,你才是好学生 Zhǐyǒu hǎo hào xuéxí, nǐ cái shì hào xuéshēng. - I went to take a look at him but did not see him.

➎我问:是男的还是女的?
还是 (háishì) vs 或者 (huòzhě) : or Both mean "or" and are used to present a choice. However, 还是 is normally used when asking a question, and 或者 is mostly for declarative sentences.
    你喜欢他还是我? Nǐ xǐhuān tā háishì wǒ? - Do you like him or me?
    我吃苹果或者西瓜,你呢? Wǒ chī píngguǒ huòzhě xīguā, nǐ ne? - I eat apple or watermelon, what about you?

➏我的心开始激动起来。
Verb + 起来: direction complement. 起来 is frequently used in Chinese. It is similar to "up" in English. Two applications:
(1) expressing an upward movement, like "up" in stand up, get up in English.
(2) initiation of an action.
    他在床上坐起来了。 Tā zài chuángshàng zuò qǐláile. - He sat up in the bed.
    我跳起来了。 Wǒ tiào qǐláile. - I jumped up.
    天热起来了。 Tiān rè qǐláile. - It's getting hot.
(3) negation is Verb + 不起来
    我想不起来了。 Wǒ xiǎng bù qǐláile. - I can't remember it.
    天一下子冷不起来 Tiān yīxià zi lěng bù qǐlái. - It would not be suddenly cold.

➐我说:难道是?
难道 nándào: used in rhetorical questions to emphasize a point. Note when 难道(nándào) is used as a marker in the question to emphasize a point. Without it, it still has same meaning. And the speaker does not require an answer.
    难道他是你的哥哥吗? Nándào tā shì nǐ dí gēgē ma? - Is he your brother?!
    今天不上课,难道你不知道吗? Jīntiān bù shàngkè, nándào nǐ bù zhīdào ma? - Don't you know there is no class today?!
Note that 难道 can only be used for rhetorical questions which could be answered with yes or no, and generally end with 吗.
    你今年多大了?Not a 吗 question. Nǐ jīnnián duōdàle? - How old are you?
    难道你今年多大了?

➑还没等我说完,儿子说:
Verb + 完: result complement for completion of an action.
    我吃完晚饭了 Wǒ chī wán wǎnfànle. - I have finished (eating) my dinner.
Negation (1) 没(有) + Verb + 完 (2) Verb + 不完
    他没(有)吃完早饭就去学校了 Tā méi (yǒu) chī wán zǎofàn jiù qù xuéxiàole. - He didn't finished his breakfast and went to school.
    我每天做不完的工作 Wǒ měitiān zuò bù wán de gōngzuò. - I can't finish my work every day.

➒这次拿第一的就是高红,
次 measure word. It is used for actions.
    北京我去了三 Běijīng wǒ qùle sāncì. - I have been to Beijing for three times.

➓我一下子就猜到是他。
Verb + 到: result complement of an action. In Chinese you can "look" (看). But there is no indication of whether you have seen the object or not. In English, you can use "see" or "hear" after you have a result after "look" or "listen". In Chinese, we have to use verb result complement to indicate it. And 到/见 is a common one. 看 is "look" and 看见/看到 is "see". 听 is "listen" and 听见/听到 is "hear". And 到 is used for more verbs than 见.
    我去他,但是没有看到他。 Wǒ qù kàn tā, dànshì méiyǒu kàn dào tā. - I went to take a look at him but did not see him.
    我去你,但是没有找到你。 Wǒ qù zhǎo nǐ, dànshì méiyǒu zhǎodào nǐ. - I went to look for you but did not find you.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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