HSK2级【坐井观天 To view the sky from the bottom of a well (idiom)】Book 3 ~ 11/11

二级词汇16个. 一级词汇10个. 一级生词1个. 三级生词4个. 四级生词1个. 六级生词1个. 新生词7个.
   
青蛙6里。3飞来,6边。

青蛙3:“你哪儿 来?”3回答说:“我天上来, 飞了一1 33了,下来 。”

青蛙说:“朋友大话了!只有463那么大, 3飞那么吗?”3说:“你了。无边无际,大 !” 青蛙了,说:“朋友 我天天6里,抬头看见 天。我不 的。”3了,说:“朋友 ,你了。,你跳6 一看。”

生词 New Words
青蛙 qīngwā : frog; (slang) ugly guy
luò : to fall or drop; (of the sun) to set; (of a tide) to go out; to lower; to decline or sink; to lag or fall behind; to fall onto; to rest with;
大话 dàhuà : brag
: li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m; ★ interior; inside; internal
无边无际 wúbiānwújì : boundless; limitless
xìn : letter; mail; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
jǐng : a well.
niǎo : bird
天上 tiānshàng : celestial; heavenly.
kǒu : used for people and some animals ★ mouth
: thirsty
只有 zhǐyǒu : only.
yòng : use
抬头 táitóu : to raise one's head.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊青蛙坐在井里。
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➋青蛙问小鸟:“你从哪儿来?”
从 + Time/Place: from Time/Place.
    我从早上八点开始上课
    Wǒ cóng zǎoshang bā diǎn kāishǐ shàngkè. - I started to have class from 8 o'clock in the morning.
    他从北京去上海 Tā cóng Běijīng qù Shànghǎi. - He went to Shanghai from Beijing.
    我从中国 Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó lái. - I came from China.
can; may; possible; able to; not bad; pretty good

➌天只有井口那么大,
Subj. + 那么/这么 + Adj; Subj... so/that...Adj. In Chinese, 那么 (nàme) and 这么 (zhème) is like "so/that" in English to modify an adjective for increasing the extent, such as "so tall", "that good".
    作业这么多! Zuòyè zhème duō! - There are so much homework!
    怎么那么热? Zěnme nàme rè? - Why is it so hot?

➍天无边无际,大得很呢!”
的/地/得(de): structural particle . (1) 的 (de), most often used for modifying nouns; (2) 地 (de), most often used with adverbial phrases; (3) 得 (de), most often used with complements
    他哥哥是我老师。 Tā dí gēgē shì wǒ de lǎoshī. - His older brother is my teacher.
    他高兴去学校了。 Tā gāoxìng de qù xuéxiàole. - He happily went to school.
    他跑太快了。 Tā pǎo dé tài kuàile. - You ran too fast.

➎一抬头就看见天。我不会错的。”
一 (yī)... 就 (jiù)...: (1) as soon as ... then ...(2) every time... then This pattern tells us that as soon as one thing happens, then another thing happens immediately afterwards. The pattern involves two different events, the first preceded by "一," and then the second event, which follows in quick succession, preceded by 就.
    我回家做作业。 Wǒ yī huí jiā jiù zuò zuo yè. - I do my homework as soon as I get home..
    他上课想睡觉。 Tā yī shàngkè jiù xiǎng shuìjiào. - Everytime he takes class he feels like falling asleep.

➏小鸟也笑了,说:“朋友,你真错了。
真 + Adj/psychological verbs: really.... Chinese use adverb 真 (zhēn) a lot to mean "really" or "truly" before an adjective or psychological verbs such as 想, 喜欢, 怕, 愿意 etc.
    她真漂亮 Tā zhēn piàoliang! - She is really beautiful!
    我真喜欢她! Wǒ zhēn xǐhuān tā! - I really like her!

➐不信,你跳出井来看一看吧。”
来 (lái) as a "dummy verb" The structure for using 来 as a dummy verb is very basic. Usually it is a very short phrase, kind of like "your turn!," "let me give it a shot!," or "you do it!" in English. Usually it is used with 你 or 我 as the subject, and it ends with the 来. Sometimes it can end with a 吧.
    我不行,你吧。 Wǒ bùxíng, nǐ lái ba. - I don't know how to do it. You do it.
    让老师帮你。 Ràng lǎoshī lái bāng nǐ. - Ask the teacher to help you.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound