青蛙★坐 在井6里。➊ 小鸟3飞来，落★在井6边。
青蛙★问小鸟3：“你从哪儿 来？”➋ 小鸟3回答说：“我从天上★来， 飞了一百多里1， 口3渴3了，下来找点水 喝 。”
青蛙★说：“朋友 ，别说大话★了！ 天只有4井6口3那么大，➌ 还用3飞那么远吗？” 小鸟3说：“你错了。 天无边无际★，大得很 呢 ！”➍ 青蛙★笑了，说：“朋友 ， 我天天坐 在井6里， 一抬头★就看见 天。我不会 错的。”➎ 小鸟3也笑了，说：“朋友 ，你真错了。➏ 不信★，你跳出井6来看 一看吧。”➐
生词 New Words：
青蛙 qīngwā : frog; (slang) ugly guy
落 luò : to fall or drop; (of the sun) to set; (of a tide) to go out; to lower; to decline or sink; to lag or fall behind; to fall onto; to rest with;
大话 dàhuà : brag
里 lǐ : li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m; ★ interior; inside; internal
无边无际 wúbiānwújì : boundless; limitless
信 xìn : letter; mail; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
井 jǐng : a well.
鸟 niǎo : bird
天上 tiānshàng : celestial; heavenly.
口 kǒu : used for people and some animals ★ mouth
渴 kě : thirsty
只有 zhǐyǒu : only.
用 yòng : use
抬头 táitóu : to raise one's head.
语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊青蛙坐在井里。在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
。 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
哪儿？ Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
，但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
。 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.
➋青蛙问小鸟：“你从哪儿来？”从 + Time/Place: from Time/Place
开始上课 Wǒ cóng zǎoshang bā diǎn kāishǐ shàngkè. - I started to have class from 8 o'clock in the morning.
去上海 Tā cóng Běijīng qù Shànghǎi. - He went to Shanghai from Beijing.
来 Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó lái. - I came from China.
can; may; possible; able to; not bad; pretty good
➌天只有井口那么大，Subj. + 那么/这么 + Adj; Subj... so/that...Adj
. In Chinese, 那么 (nàme) and 这么 (zhème) is like "so/that" in English to modify an adjective for increasing the extent, such as "so tall", "that good".
多！ Zuòyè zhème duō! - There are so much homework!
热？ Zěnme nàme rè? - Why is it so hot?
➍天无边无际，大得很呢！”的/地/得(de): structural particle
. (1) 的 (de), most often used for modifying nouns; (2) 地 (de), most often used with adverbial phrases; (3) 得 (de), most often used with complements
老师。 Tā dí gēgē shì wǒ de lǎoshī. - His older brother is my teacher.
去学校了。 Tā gāoxìng de qù xuéxiàole. - He happily went to school.
太快了。 Tā pǎo dé tài kuàile. - You ran too fast.
➎一抬头就看见天。我不会错的。”一 (yī)... 就 (jiù)...: (1) as soon as ... then ...(2) every time... then
This pattern tells us that as soon as one thing happens, then another thing happens immediately afterwards. The pattern involves two different events, the first preceded by "一," and then the second event, which follows in quick succession, preceded by 就.
做作业。 Wǒ yī huí jiā jiù zuò zuo yè. - I do my homework as soon as I get home..
想睡觉。 Tā yī shàngkè jiù xiǎng shuìjiào. - Everytime he takes class he feels like falling asleep.
➏小鸟也笑了，说：“朋友，你真错了。真 + Adj/psychological verbs: really...
. Chinese use adverb 真 (zhēn) a lot to mean "really" or "truly" before an adjective or psychological verbs such as 想, 喜欢, 怕, 愿意 etc.
！ Tā zhēn piàoliang! - She is really beautiful!
她！ Wǒ zhēn xǐhuān tā! - I really like her!
➐不信，你跳出井来看一看吧。”来 (lái) as a "dummy verb"
The structure for using 来 as a dummy verb is very basic. Usually it is a very short phrase, kind of like "your turn!," "let me give it a shot!," or "you do it!" in English. Usually it is used with 你 or 我 as the subject, and it ends with the 来. Sometimes it can end with a 吧.
吧。 Wǒ bùxíng, nǐ lái ba. - I don't know how to do it. You do it.
帮你。 Ràng lǎoshī lái bāng nǐ. - Ask the teacher to help you.