HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 一、九月去北京旅游最好】Book 11 ~ 1/15

二级词汇14个. 一级词汇36个. 三级生词3个. 新生词2个.
  慢读  
学校
A:我 北京 旅游觉得什么 时候好?
B: 北京 旅游好。
A:为什么
B:九月的北京 天气

照片3
A:你喜欢 什么 运动
B:我喜欢 踢足球
A:下午 我们 一起去踢球
B:好

《在
A:我们 不要 椅子
B:好3什么 时候
A:明天 下午 怎么样明天 回来
B:

《在家里》
A:桌子 下面
B: 是我的 3花。
A: 漂亮
B:是3,我觉得眼睛漂亮
A:
B: 月。

生词 New Words
照片 zhàopiàn : photo
a : used to express surprise,exclamation or promise
回来 huílai : to return.
下面 xiàmiàn : below, under.
huā : spend ★ flower

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊《在学校》
在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
    我在家里看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    我把水果放在桌子上 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
    我家,你哪儿? Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
    钱包,但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
    我在开车 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.

➋我要去北京旅游,
要 (yào) : (1) to want (sth); (2) to want to (do)...; (3) need to (do); (4) will/going to (do).
(1) 要 + noun: want something.
    我一块面包。 Wǒ yào yīkuài miànbāo. - I want a piece of bread.
(2) 要 + verb: want to do something.
    你喝什么? Nǐ yào hē shénme? - What do you want to drink?
(3) 要 + verb: need to do something.
    你早点睡觉。 Nǐ yào zǎodiǎn shuìjiào. - You have to go to bed early.
(4) 要 + verb: will/going to do something.
    我明天去北京。 Wǒ míngtiān yào qù běijīng. - I am going to Beijing tomorrow.

➌你觉得什么时候去最好?
什么. Adj "what" can be used to raise a question with a question mark in the end.
    这是什么?那是什么衣服? Zhè shì shénme? Nà shì shénme yīfu? - What's this? What dress is that?
    水是什么颜色? Shuǐ shì shénme yánsè? - What color is water?

➍九月的北京天气不冷也不热。
. Adverb 也 means "also; too; as well; either". Unlike English, it shoud be used before verb phrase.
    我喜欢吃饺子 Wǒ yě xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - I like dumpling too.
    他也不喜欢喝茶 Tā yě bù xǐhuān hē chá. - He does not like tea either.

➎你喜欢什么运动?
喜欢 something/verb phrase. "like something/to do something". In Chinese verb phrase (Verb + Object) can act as anything. For example, it can be an abject after 喜欢, which is like "like to do something" in English.
    我喜欢吃米饭 Wǒ xǐhuān chī mǐfàn. - I like to eat rice.

➏下午我们一起去踢球吧。
一起 (yīqǐ) : together 一起 (yīqǐ) is the easiest way to express an action being done together with other people. The structure is "Subj. + 一起 + Verb + Obj." The subject must be plural.
    我们一起回家吧。 Wǒmen yīqǐ huí jiā ba. - Let's go home together.

➐好吧!
sentence + 吧 - to soften the suggestion
When you have a command asking someone to do something, use 吧 in the end to make the suggestion soften and more polite.
    我们去跳舞 Wǒmen qù tiàowǔ ba. - Let's go dancing.
    你和你同学一起打 Nǐ hé nǐ tóngxué yīqǐ dǎ ba. - You and your classmate can play together.

➑我们要不要买几个新的椅子?
几 (jǐ): how much; how many; several; a few. In a question, it means "how much, how many". In a statement, it means "a few, several". From quantity point of view, 几 refers to small numbers from 1 to 9.
    你有本书? Nǐ yǒu jǐ běn shū? - How many books do you have?
    我有本书,你看吗? Wǒ yǒu jǐ běn shū, nǐ kàn ma? - I have several books. Do you want to read?
    这是 Zhè shì jǐ? - How much is this?

➒好啊。什么时候去买?
(1) sentence + 啊. The interjection 啊 (a) is to add a tone of urgency, exclamation or excitement. However, the exact meaning often depends on context.
    你好高 Nǐ hào gāo a! - You are really tall!
    好,你来吧 Hǎo a, nǐ lái ba. - Good. Just come over.
    谁 Shéi a? - Who?
(2) list things with 啊(a). You can use 啊(a) to list a bunch of nouns belonging to same category. The structure is A啊, B啊, C啊.... It is informal like "that kind of thing" in English.
    北京,上海,广州等等我都想去。 Běijīng a, Shànghǎi a, Guǎngzhōu a děng děng wǒ dū xiǎng qù. - I want to go places like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou.
    店里有很多水果,香蕉,苹果,西瓜都有。 Diàn li yǒu hěnduō shuǐguǒ, xiāngjiāo a, píngguǒ a, xīguā a dōu yǒu. - There are many fruits in the store such as banana, apple and water melon.

➓明天下午怎么样?
Adverb as predicate. 最近怎么样?:“How are you doing recently?". The same as 最近怎么样?你 is dropped since it is implied. Note 怎么样 is adverb meaning "how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?". It acts as predicate in the sentence. No verb "to be" is needed!
    你爷爷怎么样?他很好。 Nǐ yéye zěnmeyàng? Tā hěn hǎo. - How is your grandpa? He is very well.

⓫你明天几点能回来?
Time point: clock minute. There are different ways to express it in Chinese.
    我早上七起床 Wǒ zǎoshang qī diǎn shí fēn qǐchuáng. - I get up at 7:10 in the morning.
    下午三放学 Xiàwǔ sān diǎn yī kè fàngxué. - The school is over at 3:15 in the afternoon.
    我写作业到夜里十点半 Wǒ xiě zuòyè dào yèlǐ shí diǎn bàn. - I do my homework until 10:30 at night.

⓬三点多。
多(duō): (1)many; much; (2) often; more; in excess; (3) how (to what extent)
(1) many; much (modifying nouns)
    他有很钱,我有很朋友。 Tā yǒu hěnduō qián, wǒ yǒu hěnduō péngyǒu. - He has a lot of money, I have many friends.
(2) often (modifying verbs, adjectives)
    学中文要写。 Xué zhōngwén yào duō shuō duō xiě. - To learn Chinese, you need to talk more and write more.
    我比你高了。 Wǒ bǐ nǐ gāo duōle. - I am much taller than you.
(3) how (to what extent) (modifying adjectives)
    美的地方! Duō měi dì dìfāng. - What a beautiful place!
    他会说话! Tā duō hui shuōhuà! - He is a good talker!

⓭桌子下面有个猫。
...边/...面. Literally 面 means "surface" and 边 means "side". But when they were used after a noun, they often have same meaning. And ...边 is often used in spoken Chinese. ...面 is more formal.
    我在你的后/后 Wǒ zài nǐ de hòumian/hòubian. - I am behind you.
    车子里/里有三个人 Chēzi lǐmiàn/lǐbian yǒusān gèrén. - There are three people in the car.
    北京在中国的北/北 Běijīng zài Zhōngguó de běimiàn/běibian. - Beijing is in the northern part of China.

⓮它多大了?
几岁/多大 ask age. "How old...". For babies or kids, use "几岁" to ask age; otherwises use 多大.
    他几岁?他一岁。 Tā jǐ suì? Tā yī suì. - How old is he? He is one year old.
    你多大?我十七。 Nǐ duōdà? Wǒ shíqī. - How old are you? I am seventeen.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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