《在 学校 》➊
A：我要去 北京 旅游，➋ 你觉得什么 时候 去最好？➌
B：九 月 去北京 旅游最好。
B：九月的北京 天气 不冷 也不热 。➍
A：你喜欢 什么 运动？➎
A：下午 我们 一起去踢球吧。➏
《在家 里 》
A：我们 要不要买 几 个新的椅子 ？➑
B：好啊3。什么 时候 去买 ？➒
A：明天 下午 怎么样 ？➓ 你明天 几点 能 回来★？⓫
B：三 点 多 。⓬
A：桌子 下面★有 个 猫。⓭
B：那 是我的猫，它叫 花3花。
A：它很 漂亮 。
A：它多 大 了 ？⓮
B：六 个 月。
生词 New Words：
照片 zhàopiàn : photo
啊 a : used to express surprise,exclamation or promise
回来 huílai : to return.
下面 xiàmiàn : below, under.
花 huā : spend ★ flower
语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊《在学校》在 (zài): (1) preposition: (located) at; (2) (to be) in; to exist; (3) in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
(1) If a sentence has other verb and "在 + location/time" before the verb or sometimes after the verb, then it is adverb phrase to modify verb.
看电视。 Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
。 Wǒ bǎ shuǐguǒ fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - I put fruits on the table.
(2) If a sentence has no other verb, then "在 + location" is verb phrase "to be at .../to exist".
哪儿？ Wǒ zài jiālǐ kàn diànshì. - I am watching TV at home.
，但是钱没了。 Qiánbāo zài, dànshì qián méiliǎo. - The wallet is here but the money is gone.
(3) Subject + 在 + Verb: 在 is adverb meaning an action is in the process.
。 Wǒ zài kāichē. - I am driving the car.
➋我要去北京旅游，要 (yào) : (1) to want (sth); (2) to want to (do)...; (3) need to (do); (4) will/going to (do).
(1) 要 + noun: want something.
一块面包。 Wǒ yào yīkuài miànbāo. - I want a piece of bread.
(2) 要 + verb: want to do something.
喝什么？ Nǐ yào hē shénme? - What do you want to drink?
(3) 要 + verb: need to do something.
早点睡觉。 Nǐ yào zǎodiǎn shuìjiào. - You have to go to bed early.
(4) 要 + verb: will/going to do something.
去北京。 Wǒ míngtiān yào qù běijīng. - I am going to Beijing tomorrow.
. Adj "what" can be used to raise a question with a question mark in the end.
衣服？ Zhè shì shénme? Nà shì shénme yīfu? - What's this? What dress is that?
颜色？ Shuǐ shì shénme yánsè? - What color is water?
. Adverb 也 means "also; too; as well; either". Unlike English, it shoud be used before verb phrase.
喜欢吃饺子 Wǒ yě xǐhuān chī jiǎozi. - I like dumpling too.
喜欢喝茶 Tā yě bù xǐhuān hē chá. - He does not like tea either.
➎你喜欢什么运动？喜欢 something/verb phrase
. "like something/to do something". In Chinese verb phrase (Verb + Object) can act as anything. For example, it can be an abject after 喜欢, which is like "like to do something" in English.
我喜欢吃米饭 Wǒ xǐhuān chī mǐfàn. - I like to eat rice.
➏下午我们一起去踢球吧。一起 (yīqǐ) : together
一起 (yīqǐ) is the easiest way to express an action being done together with other people. The structure is "Subj. + 一起 + Verb + Obj." The subject must be plural.
回家吧。 Wǒmen yīqǐ huí jiā ba. - Let's go home together.
➐好吧！sentence + 吧 - to soften the suggestion
When you have a command asking someone to do something, use 吧 in the end to make the suggestion soften and more polite.
我们去跳舞吧 Wǒmen qù tiàowǔ ba. - Let's go dancing.
你和你同学一起打吧 Nǐ hé nǐ tóngxué yīqǐ dǎ ba. - You and your classmate can play together.
➑我们要不要买几个新的椅子？几 (jǐ): how much; how many; several; a few
. In a question, it means "how much, how many". In a statement, it means "a few, several". From quantity point of view, 几 refers to small numbers from 1 to 9.
本书？ Nǐ yǒu jǐ běn shū? - How many books do you have?
本书，你看吗？ Wǒ yǒu jǐ běn shū, nǐ kàn ma? - I have several books. Do you want to read?
？ Zhè shì jǐ? - How much is this?
➒好啊。什么时候去买？(1) sentence + 啊
. The interjection 啊 (a) is to add a tone of urgency, exclamation or excitement. However, the exact meaning often depends on context.
！ Nǐ hào gāo a! - You are really tall!
，你来吧 Hǎo a, nǐ lái ba. - Good. Just come over.
？ Shéi a? - Who?(2) list things with 啊(a)
. You can use 啊(a) to list a bunch of nouns belonging to same category. The structure is A啊, B啊, C啊...
. It is informal like "that kind of thing" in English.
等等我都想去。 Běijīng a, Shànghǎi a, Guǎngzhōu a děng děng wǒ dū xiǎng qù. - I want to go places like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou.
都有。 Diàn li yǒu hěnduō shuǐguǒ, xiāngjiāo a, píngguǒ a, xīguā a dōu yǒu. - There are many fruits in the store such as banana, apple and water melon.
➓明天下午怎么样？Adverb as predicate
？:“How are you doing recently?". The same as 最近你
怎么样？你 is dropped since it is implied. Note 怎么样
is adverb meaning "how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?". It acts as predicate in the sentence. No verb "to be" is needed!
？他很好。 Nǐ yéye zěnmeyàng? Tā hěn hǎo. - How is your grandpa? He is very well.
⓫你明天几点能回来？Time point: clock minute
. There are different ways to express it in Chinese.
起床 Wǒ zǎoshang qī diǎn shí fēn qǐchuáng. - I get up at 7:10 in the morning.
放学 Xiàwǔ sān diǎn yī kè fàngxué. - The school is over at 3:15 in the afternoon.
我写作业到夜里十点半 Wǒ xiě zuòyè dào yèlǐ shí diǎn bàn. - I do my homework until 10:30 at night.
⓬三点多。多(duō): (1)many; much; (2) often; more; in excess; (3) how (to what extent)
(1) many; much (modifying nouns)
朋友。 Tā yǒu hěnduō qián, wǒ yǒu hěnduō péngyǒu. - He has a lot of money, I have many friends.
(2) often (modifying verbs, adjectives)
写。 Xué zhōngwén yào duō shuō duō xiě. - To learn Chinese, you need to talk more and write more.
了。 Wǒ bǐ nǐ gāo duōle. - I am much taller than you.
(3) how (to what extent) (modifying adjectives) 多
美的地方！ Duō měi dì dìfāng. - What a beautiful place!
会说话！ Tā duō hui shuōhuà! - He is a good talker!
. Literally 面 means "surface" and 边 means "side". But when they were used after a noun, they often have same meaning. And ...边 is often used in spoken Chinese. ...面 is more formal.
/后边 Wǒ zài nǐ de hòumian/hòubian. - I am behind you.
有三个人 Chēzi lǐmiàn/lǐbian yǒusān gèrén. - There are three people in the car.
/北边 Běijīng zài Zhōngguó de běimiàn/běibian. - Beijing is in the northern part of China.
⓮它多大了？几岁/多大 ask age
. "How old...". For babies or kids, use "几岁" to ask age; otherwises use 多大.
？他一岁。 Tā jǐ suì? Tā yī suì. - How old is he? He is one year old.
？我十七。 Nǐ duōdà? Wǒ shíqī. - How old are you? I am seventeen.