HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 十、别找了,手机在桌子上呢】Book 11 ~ 10/15

二级词汇29个. 一级词汇30个. 三级生词2个. 新生词2个.
  慢读  
十、了,手机桌子
《在家里》
A:不电视 了, 明天 下午 汉语 呢。
B:看电视 汉语帮助
A:明天 准备好了吗?
B:都准备 了。

《在医院
A:报纸了,医生 休息
B:好,不看了。我一杯
A:医生 小时 茶。
B:医生 什么 了?
A:医生 我的。

《在家里》
A:你怎么 了这么多东西 3
B:哥哥今天 中午 饭。
A:我看看什么 了。 羊肉鸡蛋面条3西瓜……妈妈 呢?
B:正在准备午饭呢!

《在家里》
A:你 什么
B:你看见 我的手机吗?的。
A:了,手机桌子 上呢,电脑 旁边
B:你看见 我的衣服 了吗?
A:那衣服 我帮你了,在边呢。

生词 New Words
午饭 wǔfàn : lunch
: color
a : used to express surprise,exclamation or promise
面条 miàntiáo : noodles

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊不要看电视了,
别 + Verb = Don't do something. It is the same as 不要.
    说话 Bié shuōhuà. - Don't talk.

➋看电视对学汉语有帮助。
对 Correct. 对 can be used to give an affirmative answer to the question in the context. It basically confirms what is mentioned before in the question.
    你小高吗?对。 Nǐ shì xiǎogāo ma? Duì. - Are you Mr Gao? Yes (I am Mr Gao).
    你不去学习吗?对。 Nǐ bù qù xuéxí ma? Duì. - You are not going to study, are you? No. I won't. (In Chinese, "correct" i.e. I will not go to study.).

对 + obj + verb phrase. When 对 is used before a noun as a preposition, it points to a certain target, meaning "point to" or "toward to".
    学生对老师说“早上好!” Xuéshēng duì lǎoshī shuō “zǎoshang hǎo!” - The student said to the teacher "Good morning!"
    她对我笑了一下 Tā duì wǒ xiàole yīxià. - She smiled to me.

➌明天的课你都准备好了吗?
Object before sentence for emphasis - To emphasize the object, the object can be put before the sentence.
    鸡肉、牛肉、羊肉我都喜欢。 Jīròu, niúròu, yángròu wǒ dū xǐhuān - I like chicken, beef and lamb.
    蔬菜、水果他都不吃。 Shūcài, shuǐguǒ tā dōu bù chī. - He does not eat vegetables nor fruits.

➍都准备好了。
Verb + 好: verb result complement. When 好 is used after a verb, it serves as a result complement for the verb, indicating the completion of the action.
    你的作业做好了吗? Nǐ de zuòyè zuò hǎole ma? - Have you finished your homework?
    你看好了,这个字写错了 Nǐ kànhǎole, zhège zì xiě cuòle. - Look carefully. This word you wrote was wrong.

➎别看报纸了,医生说要多休息。
多(duō): (1)many; much; (2) often; more; in excess; (3) how (to what extent)
(1) many; much (modifying nouns)
    他有很钱,我有很朋友。 Tā yǒu hěnduō qián, wǒ yǒu hěnduō péngyǒu. - He has a lot of money, I have many friends.
(2) often (modifying verbs, adjectives)
    学中文要写。 Xué zhōngwén yào duō shuō duō xiě. - To learn Chinese, you need to talk more and write more.
    我比你高了。 Wǒ bǐ nǐ gāo duōle. - I am much taller than you.
(3) how (to what extent) (modifying adjectives)
    美的地方! Duō měi dì dìfāng. - What a beautiful place!
    他会说话! Tā duō hui shuōhuà! - He is a good talker!

➏好,不看了。给我一杯茶吧。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➐医生还说什么了?
还 (hái) as adverb
(1) 还 + adj: emphasizing something is passable or acceptable
    最近怎么样?身体还好吗? Zuìjìn zěnme yàng? Shēntǐ hái hǎo ma? - How are you doing recently? How are you? (Are you still in good health)
    这件衣服还行。 Zhè jiàn yīfú hái xíng. - This dress is OK.
(2) 还 + adj: means "even more" in comparison
    你很高,他比你还高 Nǐ hěn gāo, tā bǐ nǐ hái gāo! - You are tall. He is even taller than you!
(3) 还 + adj: means "still"
    早上五点,天还很黑 Zǎoshang wǔ diǎn, tiān hái hěn hēi. - At five o 'clock in the morning, it was still dark.
    他还小,才五岁。 Tā hái xiǎo, cái wǔ suì. - He's young, only five years old.
(4) 还 + 在 + verb: means continuous action
    十点了,他还在学习 Shí diǎnle, tā hái zài xuéxí - It's ten o 'clock. He is still studying.
(5) Obj + 还 + verb + Obj1, 还 + verb + Obj2: means "and also"
    他还说什么了? Tā hái shuō shénmeliǎo? - What else did he say?
    我有个哥哥,还有个妹妹。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, hái yǒu gè mèimei. - I have a brother and a sister.
Note 还 means one subj has two different things. But 也 means two subjects have one common thing.
    我有个哥哥,他有个哥哥。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, tā yěyǒu gè gēgē. - I have a brother, and he also has a brother.

➑医生让你听我的。
让 "to have someone to do something".
    妈妈孩子睡觉了。 Māma ràng háizi shuìjiàole. - The mother put the child to bed.

➒你怎么买了这么多东西啊?
Subj. + 那么/这么 + Adj; Subj... so/that...Adj. In Chinese, 那么 (nàme) and 这么 (zhème) is like "so/that" in English to modify an adjective for increasing the extent, such as "so tall", "that good".
    作业这么多! Zuòyè zhème duō! - There are so much homework!
    怎么那么热? Zěnme nàme rè? - Why is it so hot?

➓我看看买了什么了。
Verb repetition. 走一走:"take a walk". Unlike English, Chinese often repeats verbs especially single character verbs. One function is to expressing the action happened in short time or limited times. For single character, the pattern is either AA or A一A. For disyllabic verbs AB, it is ABAB.
    爷爷去公园走一走 Yéye qù gōngyuán zǒu yī zǒu. - My grandpa goes to the park for a walk.
    我去学校看看 Wǒ qù xuéxiào kàn kan. - I will go to the school to take a look.
    我们去运动运动吧。 Wǒmen qù yùndòng yùndòng ba. - Let's go exercise.

⓫正在准备午饭呢!
正在/正/在 + Verb: action in progress.
    他正在吃饭 Tā zhèngzài chīfàn. - He is eating food.
    我做作业的时候,他来了 Wǒ zhèng zuò zuòyè de shíhou, tā láile. - When I was doing homework, he came.
    你做什么? Nǐ zài zuò shénme? - What are you doing?

⓬别找了,手机在桌子上呢,电脑旁边。
在 + location / 在 + Verb. 在 + location means "to be in (inside) a location". 在 is a verb. But 在 + Verb means an action is in the process. It is like "to be doing" in English.
    你在哪里?我在公园里 Nǐ zài nǎlǐ? Wǒ zài gōngyuán lǐ. - Where are you? I am in the park.
    他在跳舞, 她在唱歌 Tā zài tiàowǔ, tā zài chànggē. - He is dancing. She is singing.

⓭那件衣服我帮你洗了,在外边呢。
件 measure word. It is used for top part of clothes or matters.
    一大衣; 三事情 yī jiàn dàyī; sān jiàn shìqíng - a coat; three things






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound