HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 十一、他比我大三岁】Book 11 ~ 11/15

二级词汇26个. 一级词汇22个. 五级生词2个. 新生词5个.
  慢读  
我大三
《在歌厅
A:5昨天 一起唱歌的人是
B:一个朋友
A:什么 朋友 ?是不是朋友
B:不是不是,我同学 介绍的, 昨天 第一见。

《在宿舍5
A:左边这个 报纸孩子是你姐姐吗?
B:是,右边 个人是我哥哥
A:你哥哥多大?
B:25岁,他我大三岁。

《在商店
A:今天西瓜怎么
B:三 五一
A:昨天 便宜
B:是,苹果 昨天 便宜一些 来点儿

《在学校
A:前边说话 的那个人是我的汉语 老师可能认识 她。
B:是来的汉语 老师 吗?
A:是去年来的,她,28
B:她我们 老师岁。

生词 New Words
歌厅 gētīng : karaoke hall; disco hall
jīn : weight equal to 0.5 kg
前边 qiánbian : front; the front side; in front of
Wáng : surname Wang. ★ wáng: (Wáng)surname Wang.
fāng : place; direction ★ fāng: side; party ★ fāng: square ★ fāng: power
宿舍 sùshè : dormitory; dorm room; living quarters; hostel
一些 yīxiē : some; a few; a little.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊昨天第一次见。
第 + Number: ordinal number. In Chinese it is very simple to express ordinal number. Just use 第(dì) + Number.
    第一:学生八点到学校,第二:学生十二点吃饭
    Dì yī: Xuéshēng bā diǎn dào xuéxiào, dì èr: Xuéshēng shí'èr diǎn chīfàn. - First students arrive at school at 8. Secondly students have lunch at 12.
    我得了第一 Wǒ déle dì yī míng. - I won the first place.
    他是我的第三个孩子 Tā shì wǒ de dì sān gè háizi. - He is my fourth child.

➋你哥哥多大?
几岁/多大 ask age. "How old...". For babies or kids, use "几岁" to ask age; otherwises use 多大.
    他几岁?他一岁。 Tā jǐ suì? Tā yī suì. - How old is he? He is one year old.
    你多大?我十七。 Nǐ duōdà? Wǒ shíqī. - How old are you? I am seventeen.

➌25岁,他比我大三岁。
比 (bǐ): than. 比 (bǐ) is one of the most common words when comparing things in Chinese similar to "than" in English. The structure is Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj.
    爸爸比妈妈高 Bàba bǐ māma gāo. - My father asked me to call him.
Note. Don't add other adverbs such as 很,非常 etc before adjective except 更,更加 (even more).
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Mom is smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Māma bǐ bàba gèng cōngming. - Mom is even more smarter than dad.
Note. Negation is 不比.
    妈妈不比爸爸聪明 Māma bùbǐ bàba cōngming. - Mom is not smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明

➍今天的西瓜怎么卖?
怎么. It means "how" and also "why".
    这个字怎么写? Zhège zì zěnme xiě? - How to write this character?
    你怎么认识他的? Nǐ zěnme rènshì tā de? - How did you know him?
    他怎么没上班? Tā zěnme méi shàngbān? - Why didn't he go to work?

➎三块五一斤。
块 measure word. It is used for irregular shape pieces such as cakes, watches; or for RMB (spoken Chinese).
    三钱,一蛋糕,一手表
    sān kuài qián, yīkuài dàngāo, yīkuài shǒubiǎo - a dollar, a piece of cake, a watch

➏您来点儿吧。
来 + verb phrase. 来 is NOT "to come" in this context. It is used to talking about the new topic. It is similar to "it is turn to do...". If it is dropped the meaning of the sentence is the same.
    现在七点,我们吃饭吧。 Xiànzài qī diǎn, wǒmen lái chīfàn ba. - It's seven now. Let's have dinner.
    我看一看。 Wǒ lái kàn yī kàn. - Let me take a look.

➐是新来的汉语老师吗?
是...的 to emphasize. Something in between 是 and 的 is the item to be emphasized. It could be a sentence or a phrase.
    我来吃饭 Wǒ shì lái chīfàn de. - I came here for food.
    她的头发 Tā de tóufa shì hóng de. - Her hair is red.
    你怎么来 Nǐ shì zěnme lái de? - How did you come?






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound