HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 十二、你穿得太少了】Book 11 ~ 12/15

二级词汇28个. 一级词汇17个. 三级生词1个. 新生词8个.
  慢读  
十二、你穿
《在教室
A:你早上几点起床
B:六点多。
A:你早起一个小时
B:我睡早,晚上十点睡觉
A:早睡早起身体好。

《在朋友 家》
A:来点儿米饭 ,你吃 了。
B:不少了,今天很好,太谢谢 你了。
A:你 饭做怎么样
B:不怎么样 ,我妻子我做好。

《在家门口
A:下雪了,今天
B: 零下10
A:是3,你穿太少了, 我们 房间
B:好

《在家里》
A:你在什么 呢?
B:我弟弟我帮他房子 现在 他家公司有点
A: 的很
B:是3,他希望 一点儿

生词 New Words
早起 zǎoqǐ : get up early
早睡早起 zǎoshuìzǎoqǐ : sleep early and get up early
下雪 xiàxuě : to snow
零下 língxià : below zero
有点 yǒudiǎn : a little
门口 ménkǒu : doorway; gate.
: to pass; to spend (time); measure; limit; extent; degree of intensity; degree (angles, temperature etc); kilowatt-hour
a : used to express surprise,exclamation or promise
房子 fángzi : house.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你比我早起一个小时。
比 (bǐ): than. 比 (bǐ) is one of the most common words when comparing things in Chinese similar to "than" in English. The structure is Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj.
    爸爸比妈妈高 Bàba bǐ māma gāo. - My father asked me to call him.
Note. Don't add other adverbs such as 很,非常 etc before adjective except 更,更加 (even more).
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Mom is smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明 Māma bǐ bàba gèng cōngming. - Mom is even more smarter than dad.
Note. Negation is 不比.
    妈妈不比爸爸聪明 Māma bùbǐ bàba cōngming. - Mom is not smarter than dad.
    妈妈爸爸聪明

➋我睡得也早,
的/地/得(de): structural particle . (1) 的 (de), most often used for modifying nouns; (2) 地 (de), most often used with adverbial phrases; (3) 得 (de), most often used with complements
    他哥哥是我老师。 Tā dí gēgē shì wǒ de lǎoshī. - His older brother is my teacher.
    他高兴去学校了。 Tā gāoxìng de qù xuéxiàole. - He happily went to school.
    他跑太快了。 Tā pǎo dé tài kuàile. - You ran too fast.

➌我每天晚上十点就睡觉。
每 each/every. Usually a measure word is needed after it and before a noun. Sometimes 都 is needed in the sentence. The structure is 每 + Measure Word + Noun + 都.
    个人都来了! Měi gè rén dōu láile! - Everyone has come!
    我年都去北京 Wǒ měinián dōu qù Běijīng. - I go to Beijing every year.

➍再来点儿米饭吧,你吃得太少了。
再 + Verb.
(1) It is used to express repetition of an action in the future, like "again" or "another" of the same action.
    你说一遍 Nǐ zàishuō yībiàn. - You say it again.
    我喝一杯茶 Wǒ zài hē yībēi chá. - I drink another cup of tea.
(2) It is used as "and then" for future action.
    做完作业,你睡觉 Zuò wán zuòyè, nǐ zài shuìjiào. - After you finish homework then you go to sleep.

➎你在忙什么呢?
在 + location / 在 + Verb. 在 + location means "to be in (inside) a location". 在 is a verb. But 在 + Verb means an action is in the process. It is like "to be doing" in English.
    你在哪里?我在公园里 Nǐ zài nǎlǐ? Wǒ zài gōngyuán lǐ. - Where are you? I am in the park.
    他在跳舞, 她在唱歌 Tā zài tiàowǔ, tā zài chànggē. - He is dancing. She is singing.

➏我弟弟让我帮他找个房子,
让 "to have someone to do something".
    妈妈孩子睡觉了。 Māma ràng háizi shuìjiàole. - The mother put the child to bed.

➐现在他家离公司有点儿远。
离 (lí) prep: (in giving distances) from "Place 1 + 离 + Place 2 + Adv. + 近 / 远" is normally used to simply express that one place is (not) close or (not) far from another place.
    我家学校很 Wǒjiā lí xuéxiào hěn jìn. - My home is close to the school.
    你点儿。 Nǐ lí wǒ yuǎn diǎn er. - Stay away from me.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound