HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 十三、门开着呢】Book 11 ~ 13/15

二级词汇30个. 一级词汇26个. 三级生词5个. 四级生词1个. 新生词8个.
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【HSK标准课程2 十三、门开着呢】 十三、
《在家里》
A:呢,
B: ,张先生 在吗?
A:他 了。你下午
B: 的,谢谢

《在办公室3
A:正在说话孩儿是
B:我知道她的名字笑,姐姐是我同学
A:那个 3铅笔的呢?
B:我不认识

《在运动
A:听说 朋友 了?我认识 她吗?
B:我们 3那个个大眼睛 非常 孩儿。
A:她不是 朋友 吗?
B:那个已经是她的男友了。

《在上》
A: 这儿 宾馆3吗?
B:不二十分钟
A:你 告诉怎么 吗?
B:这儿 一直34 前面路口4

生词 New Words
运动场 yùndòngchǎng : sports field; playground; exercise yard
男友 nányǒu : boyfriend
yòu : right (-hand); the Right (politics)
办公室 bàngōngshì : office
yán : poplar; Yáng: surname Yang.
shǒu : hand.
: hold; take
听说 tīngshuō : to hear (sth said).
bān : class
qián : front; forward; ahead; first; future; ago; before; former; formerly
宾馆 bīnguǎn : hotel
一直 yìzhí : all the time
wǎng : to; toward
路口 lùkǒu : crossing; intersection (of roads).

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊门开着呢,请进。
Verb + 着. Aspect particle 着 (zhe) after a verb indicates
(1) the continuous action of the verb, like do-ing form in English;
    我在这里等你。 Wǒ zài zhèlǐ děngzhe nǐ. - I am here waiting for you.
(2) for manner or state in which an action is performed.
    他笑说... Tā xiàozhe shuō... - She smiled and said... (saying while smiling)

➋请问,张先生在吗?
在 + location / 在 + Verb. 在 + location means "to be in (inside) a location". 在 is a verb. But 在 + Verb means an action is in the process. It is like "to be doing" in English.
    你在哪里?我在公园里 Nǐ zài nǎlǐ? Wǒ zài gōngyuán lǐ. - Where are you? I am in the park.
    他在跳舞, 她在唱歌 Tā zài tiàowǔ, tā zài chànggē. - He is dancing. She is singing.

➌那个正在说话的女孩儿是谁?
正在/正/在 + Verb: action in progress.
    他正在吃饭 Tā zhèngzài chīfàn. - He is eating food.
    我做作业的时候,他来了 Wǒ zhèng zuò zuòyè de shíhou, tā láile. - When I was doing homework, he came.
    你做什么? Nǐ zài zuò shénme? - What are you doing?

➍她姓杨,叫杨笑笑,
姓.... 姓 (xìng) as a noun is "surname, family name". But in Chinese it can serve as a verb "to have surname as", "to be surnamed".
    我 Wǒ xìng Gāo. - My surname is Gao.

我叫...(name) to introduce oneself. “My name is ...". This is a way to say full name with surname first, then given name.
    我谢家家 Wǒ jiào Xiè Jiājiā - My name is Xie Jiajia.

➎我不认识。
认识 vs 知道: know.
(1) 认识 (rènshi) means "to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; to get acquainted with sb". It is actually more than just "to know". You have to be familiar with it.
    我认识他,他是我哥哥的同学
    Wǒ rènshì tā, tā shì wǒ gēgē de tóngxué. - I knew him. He is my brother's classmate.
(2) 知道 (zhīdào) means to "to know; to become aware of".
    我知道他在我们学校,但是我不认识
    Wǒ zhīdào tā zài wǒmen xuéxiào, dànshì wǒ bù rènshì tā. - I know he is a student of our school. But I haven't met him.

➏听说你有女朋友了?我认识她吗?
(1) Location + 有 . It is like "there to be... in a location" in English.
    中国十三亿人 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - There are 1.3 billion people in China.
    一年12个月 Yī nián yǒu shí'èr gè yuè. - There are 12 months in a year.
(2)Owner + 有 . It is like "someone have/has ..." in English.
    我一个弟弟 Wǒ yǒu yī gè dìdi.- I have a younger brother.

➐她不是有男朋友吗?
不是...吗?the rhetorical question. This is often used to remind someone of something or to show confusion or dissatisfaction.
    你不是去北京了 Nǐ bùshì qù Běijīngle ma? - Didn't you go to Beijing?
    你不是中国人?你怎么不会说汉语? Nǐ bùshì zhōngguó rén ma? Nǐ zěnme bù huì shuō hànyǔ? - Aren't you Chinese? How come you can't speak Chinese?

➑那个已经是她的前男友了。
已经 + ...(了): already....
    他已经上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office.
    已经下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.

➒请问,这儿离新京宾馆远吗?
离 (lí) prep: (in giving distances) from "Place 1 + 离 + Place 2 + Adv. + 近 / 远" is normally used to simply express that one place is (not) close or (not) far from another place.
    我家学校很 Wǒjiā lí xuéxiào hěn jìn. - My home is close to the school.
    你点儿。 Nǐ lí wǒ yuǎn diǎn er. - Stay away from me.

➓不远,走路二十分钟就到。

⓫从这儿一直往前走,
往 + Direction/Place + Verb: Action "toward" a direction/place. 往 (wǎng) is a preposition that means "towards" expressing or referring to an action.
    你往前走100米 Nǐ wǎng qián zǒu yībǎi mǐ. - You go forward for 100 meters.
    你往我这里 Nǐ wǎng wǒ zhèlǐ kàn. - You look at me here.

⓬到了前面的路口再往右走。
再 + Verb.
(1) It is used to express repetition of an action in the future, like "again" or "another" of the same action.
    你说一遍 Nǐ zàishuō yībiàn. - You say it again.
    我喝一杯茶 Wǒ zài hē yībēi chá. - I drink another cup of tea.
(2) It is used as "and then" for future action.
    做完作业,你睡觉 Zuò wán zuòyè, nǐ zài shuìjiào. - After you finish homework then you go to sleep.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound