HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 二、我每天六点起床】Book 11 ~ 2/15

二级词汇19个. 一级词汇12个. 三级生词2个. 五级生词1个. 新生词3个.
  慢读  
二、我天六点起床
《在运动
A:你很少生病,是不是喜欢 运动
B:是3,我早上跑步
A:你天几点起床
B:我天六点起床

《在医院
A:吃了吗?现在 身体怎么样
B:吃了。现在 好多了。
A:什么 时候
B:医生 说下个星期

《在操场5
A:大卫今年多大?
B:二十多岁。
A:他多
B:一米八几。
A:你怎么 知道这么多啊?
B:他是我同学

《在房间
A:3老师 星期休息3
B:是3,他这几天很 没有 时间休息
A:那会很
B:他天回来都很

生词 New Words
运动场 yùndòngchǎng : sports field; playground; exercise yard
a : used to express surprise,exclamation or promise
出院 chūyuàn : to be discharged from hospital.
操场 cāochǎng : playground; sports field
大卫 Dàwèi : David.
zhāng : classifier for flat objects, sheet. ★ open up ★ Zhang: last name

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你很少生病,是不是喜欢运动?
Affirmative-negative question: Verb/Adj + 不 + Verb/Adj. This is a very common way in Chinese to raise a question. It is similar to English like "... do something or not?".
    你是不是小高? Nǐ shì bù shì Xiǎogāo? - Are you Mr Gao?
    你去不去 Nǐ qù bù qù? - Do you go or not?
    你要不要吃苹果? Nǐ yào bù yào chī píngguǒ? - Don't you want an apple?
    他好不好 Tā hǎo bù hǎo? - Is he nice?
    我高不高 Wǒ gāo bù gāo? - Am I tall?

➋你每天几点起床?
每 each/every. Usually a measure word is needed after it and before a noun. Sometimes 都 is needed in the sentence. The structure is 每 + Measure Word + Noun + 都.
    个人都来了! Měi gè rén dōu láile! - Everyone has come!
    我年都去北京 Wǒ měinián dōu qù Běijīng. - I go to Beijing every year.

➌吃了。现在好多了。
多(duō): (1)many; much; (2) often; more; in excess; (3) how (to what extent)
(1) many; much (modifying nouns)
    他有很钱,我有很朋友。 Tā yǒu hěnduō qián, wǒ yǒu hěnduō péngyǒu. - He has a lot of money, I have many friends.
(2) often (modifying verbs, adjectives)
    学中文要写。 Xué zhōngwén yào duō shuō duō xiě. - To learn Chinese, you need to talk more and write more.
    我比你高了。 Wǒ bǐ nǐ gāo duōle. - I am much taller than you.
(3) how (to what extent) (modifying adjectives)
    美的地方! Duō měi dì dìfāng. - What a beautiful place!
    他会说话! Tā duō hui shuōhuà! - He is a good talker!

➍医生说下个星期。
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➎大卫今年多大?
几岁/多大 ask age. "How old...". For babies or kids, use "几岁" to ask age; otherwises use 多大.
    他几岁?他一岁。 Tā jǐ suì? Tā yī suì. - How old is he? He is one year old.
    你多大?我十七。 Nǐ duōdà? Wǒ shíqī. - How old are you? I am seventeen.

➏一米八几。
几 (jǐ): how much; how many; several; a few. In a question, it means "how much, how many". In a statement, it means "a few, several". From quantity point of view, 几 refers to small numbers from 1 to 9.
    你有本书? Nǐ yǒu jǐ běn shū? - How many books do you have?
    我有本书,你看吗? Wǒ yǒu jǐ běn shū, nǐ kàn ma? - I have several books. Do you want to read?
    这是 Zhè shì jǐ? - How much is this?

➐你怎么知道这么多啊?
Subj. + 那么/这么 + Adj; Subj... so/that...Adj. In Chinese, 那么 (nàme) and 这么 (zhème) is like "so/that" in English to modify an adjective for increasing the extent, such as "so tall", "that good".
    作业这么多! Zuòyè zhème duō! - There are so much homework!
    怎么那么热? Zěnme nàme rè? - Why is it so hot?

➑是啊,他这几天很忙,
Adjective as predicate. Adjective can serve as predicate. No verb is needed. But 很 is often used before adjective to modify it. In English, you don't need to translate it as "very".
    他很高 (Not 他高) Tā hěn gāo. - He is tall.
    爷爷身体不好 Yéye shēntǐ bù hǎo. - Grandpa is not in good health.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound