HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 五、就买这件吧】Book 11 ~ 5/15

二级词汇26个. 一级词汇9个. 新生词5个.
  慢读  
五、买这
《在家里》
A:晚上我们饭馆吃饭,怎么样
B:我不想去吃,我 在家吃。
A:那你准备什么
B:做你爱吃的

《在商店
A:帮我看一下衣服 怎么样
B:颜色可以是有点大。
A:这小的怎么样
B:这买这

《在教室
A:今天 去不去打球
B:这天有点儿,不去打球了。
A:你在做什么 呢? 是在想昨天考试吗?
B:是啊,我觉得听和说可以,读和写不好, 很多字我都不知道什么 意思

《在公司
A:休息一下,喝杯咖啡吗?
B:不喝了,我已经杯了。
A:是啊,喝咖啡多了身体不好。
B:以后我少喝一点儿天喝一杯。

生词 New Words
打球 dǎqiú : to play ball; to play with a ball
饭馆 fànguǎn : restaurant.
外面 wàimiàn : outside.
不错 bùcuò : correct; right; not bad; pretty good.
以后 yǐhòu : after.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊就做你爱吃的鱼吧。
It is often used as adverb meaning "at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then".
    还有二十三天,我们学校放假了 Hái yǒu èrshísān tiān, wǒmen xuéxiào jiù fàngjiàle. - There are only 23 days left before our school goes for vacation. expresses "right away" here.
    两个星期前,我买了花给她 Liǎng gè xīngqí qián, wǒ jiù mǎile huā gěi tā. - As early as two weeks ago, I bought flowers to her. here means "as early as".

➋帮我看一下这件衣服怎么样。
件 measure word. It is used for top part of clothes or matters.
    一大衣; 三事情 yī jiàn dàyī; sān jiàn shìqíng - a coat; three things

➌颜色还可以,就是有点大。
还 (hái) as adverb
(1) 还 + adj: emphasizing something is passable or acceptable
    最近怎么样?身体还好吗? Zuìjìn zěnme yàng? Shēntǐ hái hǎo ma? - How are you doing recently? How are you? (Are you still in good health)
    这件衣服还行。 Zhè jiàn yīfú hái xíng. - This dress is OK.
(2) 还 + adj: means "even more" in comparison
    你很高,他比你还高 Nǐ hěn gāo, tā bǐ nǐ hái gāo! - You are tall. He is even taller than you!
(3) 还 + adj: means "still"
    早上五点,天还很黑 Zǎoshang wǔ diǎn, tiān hái hěn hēi. - At five o 'clock in the morning, it was still dark.
    他还小,才五岁。 Tā hái xiǎo, cái wǔ suì. - He's young, only five years old.
(4) 还 + 在 + verb: means continuous action
    十点了,他还在学习 Shí diǎnle, tā hái zài xuéxí - It's ten o 'clock. He is still studying.
(5) Obj + 还 + verb + Obj1, 还 + verb + Obj2: means "and also"
    他还说什么了? Tā hái shuō shénmeliǎo? - What else did he say?
    我有个哥哥,还有个妹妹。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, hái yǒu gè mèimei. - I have a brother and a sister.
Note 还 means one subj has two different things. But 也 means two subjects have one common thing.
    我有个哥哥,他有个哥哥。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, tā yěyǒu gè gēgē. - I have a brother, and he also has a brother.

➍这件小的怎么样?
The "的" phrase. "的" can be used after a pronoun, an adjectuve or a verb to form a phrase which is the same as a nomial phrase with its headword omitted.
    这本书是我的 (=我的书) Zhè běn shū shì wǒ de. This is my book.
    这本书是你买的吗?(=买的书) Zhè běn shū shì nǐ mǎi de ma? - Did you buy this book?
    我的茶是热的 (=热的茶) Wǒ de chá shì rè de. -My tea is hot.

➎这件不错,就买这件吧。
sentence + 吧 - to soften the suggestion
When you have a command asking someone to do something, use 吧 in the end to make the suggestion soften and more polite.
    我们去跳舞 Wǒmen qù tiàowǔ ba. - Let's go dancing.
    你和你同学一起打 Nǐ hé nǐ tóngxué yīqǐ dǎ ba. - You and your classmate can play together.

➏今天去不去打球?
Affirmative-negative question: Verb/Adj + 不 + Verb/Adj. This is a very common way in Chinese to raise a question. It is similar to English like "... do something or not?".
    你是不是小高? Nǐ shì bù shì Xiǎogāo? - Are you Mr Gao?
    你去不去 Nǐ qù bù qù? - Do you go or not?
    你要不要吃苹果? Nǐ yào bù yào chī píngguǒ? - Don't you want an apple?
    他好不好 Tā hǎo bù hǎo? - Is he nice?
    我高不高 Wǒ gāo bù gāo? - Am I tall?

➐是在想昨天的考试吗?
正在/正/在 + Verb: action in progress.
    他正在吃饭 Tā zhèngzài chīfàn. - He is eating food.
    我做作业的时候,他来了 Wǒ zhèng zuò zuòyè de shíhou, tā láile. - When I was doing homework, he came.
    你做什么? Nǐ zài zuò shénme? - What are you doing?

➑很多字我都不知道是什么意思。
Object before sentence for emphasis - To emphasize the object, the object can be put before the sentence.
    鸡肉、牛肉、羊肉我都喜欢。 Jīròu, niúròu, yángròu wǒ dū xǐhuān - I like chicken, beef and lamb.
    蔬菜、水果他都不吃。 Shūcài, shuǐguǒ tā dōu bù chī. - He does not eat vegetables nor fruits.

➒休息一下吧,喝杯咖啡吗?
下/一下 verbal measure word. It is used for measure of movements.
    你写这个字。 Nǐ xiě xià zhège zì. - Write this character.
    他打一下篮球。 Tā dǎ yīxià lánqiú. - He hit the basketball (once).

➓不喝了,我已经喝两杯了。
已经 + ...(了): already....
    他已经上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office.
    已经下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.

⓫是啊,喝咖啡多了对身体不好。
对 + obj + verb phrase. When 对 is used before a noun as a preposition, it points to a certain target, meaning "point to" or "toward to".
    学生对老师说“早上好!” Xuéshēng duì lǎoshī shuō “zǎoshang hǎo!” - The student said to the teacher "Good morning!"
    她对我笑了一下 Tā duì wǒ xiàole yīxià. - She smiled to me.

⓬以后我少喝一点儿,每天喝一杯。
每 each/every. Usually a measure word is needed after it and before a noun. Sometimes 都 is needed in the sentence. The structure is 每 + Measure Word + Noun + 都.
    个人都来了! Měi gè rén dōu láile! - Everyone has come!
    我年都去北京 Wǒ měinián dōu qù Běijīng. - I go to Beijing every year.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound