HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 六、你怎么不吃了】Book 11 ~ 6/15

二级词汇16个. 一级词汇13个. 三级生词5个. 五级生词1个. 新生词1个.
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六、你怎么 不吃了
《在学校
A:你知道小王今天 什么 时候学校 吗?
B:他已经来了。
A:你怎么 知道他来了?
B:我在看见 他的自行车了。

《在饭馆》
A:今天羊肉好吃,你怎么 不吃了?
B:这个星期 天天吃羊肉,不想吃了。
A:那你想吃什么
B:来一点儿 面条3

《在健身房5
A:昨天 你们怎么 都没去打篮球
B:因为昨天 下雨所以我们 都没去。
A:你经常3游泳吗?
B:这个月我天天游泳,我现在 七十公斤3了。

《在办公室3
A:这怎么看见3
B:他去北京 了。
A:去北京 了?是去旅游吗?
B:不是,听说是去看姐姐

生词 New Words
面条 miàntiáo : noodle
健身房 jiànshēnfáng : gym; gymnasium
经常 jīngcháng : frequently; often
公斤 gōngjīn : kilogram
办公室 bàngōngshì : office
zhāng : classifier for flat objects, sheet. ★ open up ★ surname Zhang
听说 tīngshuō : to hear (sth said).

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊他已经来了。
已经 + ...(了): already....
    他已经上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office.
    已经下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.

➋今天的羊肉很好吃,你怎么不吃了?
怎么. It means "how" and also "why".
    这个字怎么写? Zhège zì zěnme xiě? - How to write this character?
    你怎么认识他的? Nǐ zěnme rènshì tā de? - How did you know him?
    他怎么没上班? Tā zěnme méi shàngbān? - Why didn't he go to work?

➌这个星期天天吃羊肉,不想吃了。
Replication of measure word: every, each.... Replication of a measure word means "every / each" implying a specific feature is shared by every member in a certain group, usually followed by adver 都.
    她们个个都很漂亮。 Tāmen gè gè dōu hěn piàoliang. - They are all beautiful.
    他天天七点去学校。 Tā tiāntiān qī diǎn qù xuéxiào. - He goes to school at 7 everyday.

➍那你还想吃什么?
还 (hái) as adverb
(1) 还 + adj: emphasizing something is passable or acceptable
    最近怎么样?身体还好吗? Zuìjìn zěnme yàng? Shēntǐ hái hǎo ma? - How are you doing recently? How are you? (Are you still in good health)
    这件衣服还行。 Zhè jiàn yīfú hái xíng. - This dress is OK.
(2) 还 + adj: means "even more" in comparison
    你很高,他比你还高 Nǐ hěn gāo, tā bǐ nǐ hái gāo! - You are tall. He is even taller than you!
(3) 还 + adj: means "still"
    早上五点,天还很黑 Zǎoshang wǔ diǎn, tiān hái hěn hēi. - At five o 'clock in the morning, it was still dark.
    他还小,才五岁。 Tā hái xiǎo, cái wǔ suì. - He's young, only five years old.
(4) 还 + 在 + verb: means continuous action
    十点了,他还在学习 Shí diǎnle, tā hái zài xuéxí - It's ten o 'clock. He is still studying.
(5) Obj + 还 + verb + Obj1, 还 + verb + Obj2: means "and also"
    他还说什么了? Tā hái shuō shénmeliǎo? - What else did he say?
    我有个哥哥,还有个妹妹。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, hái yǒu gè mèimei. - I have a brother and a sister.
Note 还 means one subj has two different things. But 也 means two subjects have one common thing.
    我有个哥哥,他有个哥哥。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, tā yěyǒu gè gēgē. - I have a brother, and he also has a brother.

➎来一点儿面条吧。
来 (lái) as a "dummy verb" The structure for using 来 as a dummy verb is very basic. Usually it is a very short phrase, kind of like "your turn!," "let me give it a shot!," or "you do it!" in English. Usually it is used with 你 or 我 as the subject, and it ends with the 来. Sometimes it can end with a 吧.
    我不行,你吧。 Wǒ bùxíng, nǐ lái ba. - I don't know how to do it. You do it.
    让老师帮你。 Ràng lǎoshī lái bāng nǐ. - Ask the teacher to help you.

➏因为昨天下雨,所以我们都没去。
因为...所以...: because...therefore.... A simple way in Chinese to explain a cause is to use 因为. It is like "because ..." in English. It can be used before a sentence or a phrase. It often pairs with 所以... (so therefore...).
    我不去看电影,因为我有很多作业
    Wǒ bù qù kàn diànyǐng, yīnwèi wǒ yǒu hěnduō zuòyè. - I did not watch movie because I had a lot of homework.
    他没有吃饭,因为没有时间
    Tā méiyǒu chīfàn, yīnwèi méiyǒu shíjiān. - He did not eat food because he did not have time.
    因为今天下雪,所以我不去学校
    Yīn wéi jīntiān xià xuě, suǒyǐ wǒ bù qù xuéxiào. - Because it snows therefore I do not go to school.

➐你经常游泳吗?
经常/常常/常 + ... + verb: often (do something).
    他经常迟到。 Tā jīngcháng chídào. - He is often late.
    我常常六点起床。 Wǒ chángcháng liù diǎn qǐchuáng. - I often get up at six.
    你去北京吗? Nǐ cháng qù běijīng ma? - Do you often go to Beijing?
Negation is 不常/不经常
    我不常去北京。 Wǒ bù cháng qù běijīng. - I don't go to Beijing often.
    他不经常去公司上班。 Tā bù jīngcháng qù gōngsī shàngbān. - He does not often go to work at the company.
经常 can serve as adjective. But 常常 cannot.
    他上班迟到是经常的事。 Tā shàngbān chídào shì jīngcháng de shì. - It is a common occurrence that he is late for work.

➑这两天怎么没看见小张?
两 vs 二: two. 两 is used when referring to "two of something". 二 is used when counting numbers, or phone number etc.
    个人,个月, liǎng gè rén, liǎng gè yuè, liǎng nián - two people, two months, two years
    十十块钱, shí'èr, èrshí kuài qián, èrshí'èr hào - twelve, 20 dollars, 22nd






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound