HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 七、你家离公司远吗?】Book 11 ~ 7/15

二级词汇26个. 一级词汇21个. 五级生词1个. 新生词4个.
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【HSK标准课程2 七、你家离公司远吗?】 七、你家公司吗?
《在家里》
A:大卫回来了吗?
B:没有 ,他教室学习
A:已经九点 了,他怎么 学习
B:明天考试,他说今天 好好准备

《在机场上》
A:你现在哪儿
B:在去机场上。你已经了吗?
A:我下飞机 了。有多时间 这儿
B:二十分钟

《在健身房5
A:你家公司吗?
B:很 公共汽车一个多小时呢!
A:坐公共汽车 了,怎么开车
B:开车上车太多了!

《在上》
A:今天 晚上我们 一起吃饭 生日
B:今天我的生日有一个多星期 呢!
A:下个星期北京今天
B:好这儿 一个中国 饭馆 分钟 了。

生词 New Words
大卫 Dàwèi : David.
好好 hǎohǎo : well; carefully; nicely; properly.
健身房 jiànshēnfáng : gym; gymnasium
开车 kāichē : to drive a car.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你家离公司远吗?
离 (lí) prep: (in giving distances) from "Place 1 + 离 + Place 2 + Adv. + 近 / 远" is normally used to simply express that one place is (not) close or (not) far from another place.
    我家学校很 Wǒjiā lí xuéxiào hěn jìn. - My home is close to the school.
    你点儿。 Nǐ lí wǒ yuǎn diǎn er. - Stay away from me.

➋已经九点多了,他怎么还在学习?
还 (hái) as adverb
(1) 还 + adj: emphasizing something is passable or acceptable
    最近怎么样?身体还好吗? Zuìjìn zěnme yàng? Shēntǐ hái hǎo ma? - How are you doing recently? How are you? (Are you still in good health)
    这件衣服还行。 Zhè jiàn yīfú hái xíng. - This dress is OK.
(2) 还 + adj: means "even more" in comparison
    你很高,他比你还高 Nǐ hěn gāo, tā bǐ nǐ hái gāo! - You are tall. He is even taller than you!
(3) 还 + adj: means "still"
    早上五点,天还很黑 Zǎoshang wǔ diǎn, tiān hái hěn hēi. - At five o 'clock in the morning, it was still dark.
    他还小,才五岁。 Tā hái xiǎo, cái wǔ suì. - He's young, only five years old.
(4) 还 + 在 + verb: means continuous action
    十点了,他还在学习 Shí diǎnle, tā hái zài xuéxí - It's ten o 'clock. He is still studying.
(5) Obj + 还 + verb + Obj1, 还 + verb + Obj2: means "and also"
    他还说什么了? Tā hái shuō shénmeliǎo? - What else did he say?
    我有个哥哥,还有个妹妹。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, hái yǒu gè mèimei. - I have a brother and a sister.
Note 还 means one subj has two different things. But 也 means two subjects have one common thing.
    我有个哥哥,他有个哥哥。 Wǒ yǒu gè gēgē, tā yěyǒu gè gēgē. - I have a brother, and he also has a brother.

➌明天有考试,他说今天要好好准备。
(1) Location + 有 . It is like "there to be... in a location" in English.
    中国十三亿人 Zhōngguó yǒu shísān yì rén. - There are 1.3 billion people in China.
    一年12个月 Yī nián yǒu shí'èr gè yuè. - There are 12 months in a year.
(2)Owner + 有 . It is like "someone have/has ..." in English.
    我一个弟弟 Wǒ yǒu yī gè dìdi.- I have a younger brother.

➍在去机场的路上。你已经到了吗?
已经 + ...(了): already....
    他已经上班了 Tā yǐjīng shàngbānle. - He has already gone to office.
    已经下雨了 Yǐjīng xiàyǔle. - It has already raining.

➎你还有多长时间能到这儿?
能 + Verb: expressing ability or possibility. Though 能 (néng) can be translated as "can" in English, However, it is used to emphasize one's ability or the possibility of an event.
    我吃二十个饺子。 Wǒ néng chī èrshí gè jiǎozi. - I can eat 20 dumplings.
    你六点来学校吗? Nǐ néng liù diǎn lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school at six?

➏二十分钟就到。
It is often used as adverb meaning "at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then".
    还有二十三天,我们学校放假了 Hái yǒu èrshísān tiān, wǒmen xuéxiào jiù fàngjiàle. - There are only 23 days left before our school goes for vacation. expresses "right away" here.
    两个星期前,我买了花给她 Liǎng gè xīngqí qián, wǒ jiù mǎile huā gěi tā. - As early as two weeks ago, I bought flowers to her. here means "as early as".

➐坐公共汽车太慢了,
太 + adj + (了). 太 is "so, very, excessively". Often 了 is needed in the end.
    我高兴 Wǒ tài gāoxìngle! - I am so happy!
    现在 Xiànzài tài wǎnle. - Now it is too late!

➑今天晚上我们一起吃饭吧,
一起 (yīqǐ) : together 一起 (yīqǐ) is the easiest way to express an action being done together with other people. The structure is "Subj. + 一起 + Verb + Obj." The subject must be plural.
    我们一起回家吧。 Wǒmen yīqǐ huí jiā ba. - Let's go home together.

➒给你过生日。
给 gěi: to, for; to hand over. It literally means "to give" in Chinese. But it often used as preposition "to, for". Can also be a verb "to hand over".
    我买了花 Wǒ mǎile huā gěi tā. - I bought flowers for her.

➓下个星期我要去北京,今天过吧。
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound