HSK2级【HSK标准课程2 九、题太多,我没做完】Book 11 ~ 9/15

二级词汇23个. 一级词汇28个. 三级生词2个. 六级生词1个. 新生词1个.
  慢读  
九、 多,我没

打电话
A:你好!请3欢在吗?
B:你打了,我们 这儿 没有 3欢的。
A:对不起

《在学校
A:开始学习 舞蹈6
B:我第一跳舞 七岁的时候
A:我女儿 了。希望 3 跳舞可以吗?
B:没问题非常欢迎

《在家里》
A:你知道吗?大卫工作 了。
B:太好了!他什么 时候 开始上班
A:下个星期开始
B:这是他的第一工作希望他能喜欢

《在教室
A:昨天考试怎么样 ?你了吗?
B: 了。
A:你都做没有
B: ,我

生词 New Words
zhāng : classifier for flat objects, sheet. ★ open up ★ zhāng: surname Zhang
舞蹈 wǔdǎo : dance
gēn : to follow ★ with
大卫 Dàwèi : David.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊你好!请问张欢在吗?
请问... to ask questions politely. “Excuse me.../May I ask..." is used to ask question politely.
    请问你是王老师吗? Qǐngwèn nǐ shì Wáng lǎoshī ma? - Excuse me. Are you Teacher Wang?
    请问你多大? Qǐngwèn nǐ duōdà?- May I ask how old you are?

➋你打错了,我们这儿没有叫张欢的。
Verb + 对/错: result complement for action indicating "correct/wrong".
    这个字你写错 Zhège zì nǐ xiě cuòle. - You made a mistake when writing this word.
    他说对 Tā shuō duìle. - What you said is correct.

➌您从几岁开始学习舞蹈?
几岁/多大 ask age. "How old...". For babies or kids, use "几岁" to ask age; otherwises use 多大.
    他几岁?他一岁。 Tā jǐ suì? Tā yī suì. - How old is he? He is one year old.
    你多大?我十七。 Nǐ duōdà? Wǒ shíqī. - How old are you? I am seventeen.

➍我希望她能跟您学跳舞,可以吗?
跟(gēn) as [conj]: with; and When 跟 is used as a conjunction connecting two nouns, it is often used in structure "Subj + 跟 + Person + (一起) + Verb + Obj." In this case it is similar to .
    我跟/和你一起去。 Wǒ gēn nǐ/hé yīqǐ qù - I am going with you.
    你跟/和谁去看电影了? Nǐ gēn/hé shéi qù kàn diànyǐngle? - Who did you watch mavie with?
Note some verbs take objects in English but not in Chinese. They may need before the object.
    你他在饭店见面 Nǐ gēn tā zài fàndiàn jiànmiàn - You meet him at the restaurant.
    你在饭店见面他
    他他的女朋友结婚了。 Tā gēn tā de nǚ péngyǒu jiéhūnle. - He is married to his girlfriend.
    他结婚他的女朋友了。

可以 (kěyǐ): (1) can, able to, may (2) possible (3) not bad, pretty good .
(1) ask for permission or request "may"
    你现在可以走了 Nǐ xiànzài kěyǐ zǒule. - You may leave now.
    我可以喝茶吗?可以 Wǒ kěyǐ hē chá ma? Kěyǐ. - Can I drink tea? Yes.
(2) possible
    你明天可以来学校吗? Nǐ míngtiān kěyǐ lái xuéxiào ma? - Can you come to school tomorrow?
(3) adj "not bad, pretty good".
    这家饭店的菜还可以 Zhè jiā fàndiàn de cài hái kěyǐ. - The dishes at this restaurant are OK.
    这是你做的菜?你真可以啊。 Zhè shì nǐ zuò de cài? Nǐ zhēn kěyǐ a. - Did you cook this dish? You are really good!

➎你知道吗?大卫找到工作了。
Verb + 到: result complement of an action. In Chinese you can "look" (看). But there is no indication of whether you have seen the object or not. In English, you can use "see" or "hear" after you have a result after "look" or "listen". In Chinese, we have to use verb result complement to indicate it. And 到/见 is a common one. 看 is "look" and 看见/看到 is "see". 听 is "listen" and 听见/听到 is "hear". And 到 is used for more verbs than 见.
    我去他,但是没有看到他。 Wǒ qù kàn tā, dànshì méiyǒu kàn dào tā. - I went to take a look at him but did not see him.
    我去你,但是没有找到你。 Wǒ qù zhǎo nǐ, dànshì méiyǒu zhǎodào nǐ. - I went to look for you but did not find you.

➏太好了!他从什么时候开始上班?
从 + Time/Place: from Time/Place.
    我从早上八点开始上课
    Wǒ cóng zǎoshang bā diǎn kāishǐ shàngkè. - I started to have class from 8 o'clock in the morning.
    他从北京去上海 Tā cóng Běijīng qù Shànghǎi. - He went to Shanghai from Beijing.
    我从中国 Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó lái. - I came from China.
can; may; possible; able to; not bad; pretty good

➐这是他的第一个工作,希望他能喜欢。
第 + Number: ordinal number. In Chinese it is very simple to express ordinal number. Just use 第(dì) + Number.
    第一:学生八点到学校,第二:学生十二点吃饭
    Dì yī: Xuéshēng bā diǎn dào xuéxiào, dì èr: Xuéshēng shí'èr diǎn chīfàn. - First students arrive at school at 8. Secondly students have lunch at 12.
    我得了第一 Wǒ déle dì yī míng. - I won the first place.
    他是我的第三个孩子 Tā shì wǒ de dì sān gè háizi. - He is my fourth child.

➑昨天的考试怎么样?你都听懂了吗?
Verb + 见: result complement of an action. In Chinese you can "look" (看). But there is no indication of whether you have seen the object or not. In English, you can use "see" or "hear" after you have a result after "look" or "listen". In Chinese, we have to use verb result complement to indicate it. And 见 is a common one. 看 is "look" and 看见 is "see". 听 is "listen" and 听见 is "hear".
    我去他,但是没有看见
    Wǒ qù kàn tā, dànshì méiyǒu kànjiàn. - I went to take a look at him but did not see him.
    你到这里听见了。
    Nǐ dào zhèlǐ tīng jiù tīngjiànle. - If you come here to listen, you will hear it.

➒你都做完了没有?
Verb + 完: result complement for completion of an action.
    我吃完晚饭了 Wǒ chī wán wǎnfànle. - I have finished (eating) my dinner.
Negation (1) 没(有) + Verb + 完 (2) Verb + 不完
    他没(有)吃完早饭就去学校了 Tā méi (yǒu) chī wán zǎofàn jiù qù xuéxiàole. - He didn't finished his breakfast and went to school.
    我每天做不完的工作 Wǒ měitiān zuò bù wán de gōngzuò. - I can't finish my work every day.






Exercise 练习

HSK2级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK2级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK2级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK2级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK2级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound