HSK3级【HSK标准课程3 十二、把重要的东西放在我这儿吧】Book 12 ~ 2/10

三级词汇28个. 二级词汇20个. 三级生词1个. 新生词4个.
   
《在家》
小丽:今天太阳 西边出来了吗?
小刚:怎么了?
小丽:你怎么这么早 睡觉了? 以前 12点以后睡觉。
小刚:我明天8点就公司
小丽:有事吗?
小刚:经理生气了,他告诉 我, 明天8点不 ,以后 别来了。

《在家》
小刚:我要经理外地办事,明天的飞机。
小丽:那我帮你衣服行李箱里吧。 什么时候回来?
小刚:一个星期 回来。
小丽:?一个星期以后回来?
小刚:你 自己照顾自己已经 给你准备 好吃的和喝的了。
小丽:好 。我已经 我的照片在你的里了。

《在机场
周明:你怎么来?
小刚:对不起,周经理机场 的路上我发现护照了。
周明: ,飞机 起飞了。
小刚: 有钱吗?司机机场 的时候,发现忘记钱包了。
周明:我看你还是重要的东西在我这儿吧。

《中学老师》 我是一个中学老师,学生画儿。 前, 我都会下次学生需要的东西写在黑板3上, 但是 次上 时,总会有学生忘了铅笔 所以 我有点儿生气,不是因为 他们没铅笔因为 他们没有好的学习习惯



生词 New Words
外地 wàide : parts of the country other than where one is
办事 bànshì : to handle (affairs); to work
有事 yǒushì : to be occupied with sth; to have sth on one's mind; there is something the matter.
钱包 qiánbāo : purse; wallet.
黑板 hēibǎn : blackboard

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊明天8点不到,以后就别来了。
It is often used as adverb meaning "at once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then".
    还有二十三天,我们学校放假了 Hái yǒu èrshísān tiān, wǒmen xuéxiào jiù fàngjiàle. - There are only 23 days left before our school goes for vacation. expresses "right away" here.
    两个星期前,我买了花给她 Liǎng gè xīngqí qián, wǒ jiù mǎile huā gěi tā. - As early as two weeks ago, I bought flowers to her. here means "as early as".

➋小丽:那我帮你把衣服放在行李箱里吧。
把 sentence. The 把 (bǎ) sentence is a common structure in Chinese focusing on the result or influence of an action. It can feel a bit strange for English speakers at first.
Normal sentence is Subj + Verb phrase + Obj. Converting to 把 sentence, it is Subj + 把 + Obj + Verb phrase. This structure is used due to several reasons.
(1) The verb phrase may have a modifier such as result complement, which CANNOT insert anything in between grammatically.
    他杯子放在桌子上。 Tā bǎ bēizi fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. - He put the cup on the table.
    他放杯子在桌子上 (在桌子上 has to be closely connected to verb 放)
(2) Speaker wants to emphasize the object.
    你吃饺子吧。 Nǐ chī jiǎozi ba. - You eat the dumplings.
    => 你把饺子吧 (speaker emphasized food 饺子) Nǐ bǎ jiǎozi chīle ba.
(3) Verb phrase may have two objects and become congested. Note Chinese like to use simple sentence. Put one object before makes sentence clean.
    他送给我 => 他把花送给我 Tā sòng huā gěi wǒ. - He sent me flowers.

➌小丽:啊?一个星期以后才回来?
adverb 才 + Verb/Noun. 才 (cái) as an adverb means "only; only then; just now". It expresses "small quantity" or "shortness in time" or "lateness in time" for the PAST action.
    我喝了一杯水 Wǒ cái hēle yībēi shuǐ. - I only drank a cup of water.
    我中文学了一个月 Wǒ Zhōngwén cáixuéle yīgè yuè - I only studied Chinese for one month.
    你这么晚下班? Nǐ zhème wǎn cái xiàbān? - Why did you get out of work so late?







Exercise 练习

HSK3级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK3级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK3级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK3级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK3级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound