HSK3级【HSK标准课程3 十八 我相信他们会同意的】Book 12 ~ 8/10

三级词汇37个. 二级词汇20个. 四级生词2个. 新生词1个.
   
《在打电话》
朋友:周,我打算买房子了,点儿钱。
周明:没问题 只要4我有,就一定给你的。 多少?
朋友:5块钱。
周明:好,钱下午打 你。打算在哪儿买房?
朋友: 在我们医院前面。
周明:那你以后去医院就方便了。

《在商店》
小明:妈妈,你看那可爱 眼睛 大大的,小小的,我们买回去吧。
妈妈:动物和小孩儿一样,都需要照顾 买回家去,谁照顾
小明:我照顾
妈妈:这时间自己的衣服都没 你能照顾 吗?
小明:只要4 我买,我就能照顾好它。

《在公司》
经理:说说你为什么 选择来我们公司 工作。
学生: 公司 不但很有名而且工作环境好。
经理:做这个工作有点儿需要经常外地 你家人同意吗?
学生:只要4愿意,我相信他们就会同意的。
经理:好,那你明天来上班 关于这个工作,有什么问题 吗?
学生:没有了,谢谢 给我这个机会,我会努力的。

《不同的文化》 不同的国家有不同的文化 文化都有自己特点4 到了一个 环境,你会觉得 什么都很新鲜 而且觉得 有点奇怪 有些国家的人名写在 名前面, 有些国家的人名写在 名后面, 但是 只要经过时间 ,就会慢慢地习惯

生词 New Words
只要 zhǐyào : only if; so long as
外地 wàide : parts of the country other than where one is
特点 tèdiǎn : characteristic; distinguishing feature; fingerprint; distinctive mark

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊想向你借点儿钱。
向(xiàng) + Obj + verb: [prep] towards, from... .
(1) 向 + Direction / Person + Verb: toward
    他学校走去。 Tā xiàng xuéxiào zǒu qù. - He walked to the school.
    他我笑了笑。 Tā xiàng wǒ xiàole xiào. - He smiled at me.
(2) 向 + Person + Verb: from
    我们要你学习。 Wǒmen yào xiàng nǐ xuéxí. - We will learn from you.
    别我借钱,我没钱。 Bié xiàng wǒ jiè qián, wǒ méi qián. - Don't borrow money from me, I don't have money.

➋周明:好,钱下午打给你。
打: (1) to hit, to strike (2) to do ... .
(1) 打 as a verb is used a lot in Chinese. Its original meaning is "to strike".
    别小孩。 Bié dǎ xiǎohái. - Don't beat kids.
(2) 打 + object: to do/play something. For example, 打电话,打篮球,打票,打字 etc.
    他在打电话 Tā zài dǎ diànhuà. - He is on the phone.
    我打字很快。 Wǒ dǎzì hěn kuài. - I type very quickly.

➌妈妈:这段时间你自己的衣服都没洗,
段(duàn) [classifier]: (1) section, length: partitive measure for a part
     railway track 一铁轨(tiěguǐ), tube 一管子(guǎnzi)
(2) partitive measure for a length of time or distance
    time 一时间, distance 一距离( jùlí), travel distance 一路程(lùchéng)
(3) partitive measure for part of a song, talk, music, story, recalling, etc.
    cross talk 一相声(xiàngsheng), talk 一话, music 一音乐(yīnyuè)

➍小明:只要你给我买,我就能照顾好它。
只要⋯⋯就 (zhǐyào... jiù): as long as... then.....
    只要不去学校,他很高兴
    Zhǐyào bù qù xuéxiào, tā jiù hěn gāoxìng. - As long as he does not go to school, he is happy.

➎学生:贵公司不但很有名,而且工作环境好。
贵姓,贵公司.... In conversation or letters etc, to show politeness, use 贵 before surname or company or organization.Never use it when introducing the speaker itself.Do not use it before pets or animals.
    A:您贵姓?B:我姓张。A: Nín guìxìng?B: Wǒ xìng zhāng. A: What's your (honorable) surname? B: My last name is Zhang.
    贵公司有多少人? Guì gōngsī yǒu duōshǎo rén? - How many people are there in your company?
    A:您贵姓?B:我贵姓张。

➏经理:做这个工作有点儿累,需要经常去外地。
经常/常常/常 + ... + verb: often (do something).
    他经常迟到。 Tā jīngcháng chídào. - He is often late.
    我常常六点起床。 Wǒ chángcháng liù diǎn qǐchuáng. - I often get up at six.
    你去北京吗? Nǐ cháng qù běijīng ma? - Do you often go to Beijing?
Negation is 不常/不经常
    我不常去北京。 Wǒ bù cháng qù běijīng. - I don't go to Beijing often.
    他不经常去公司上班。 Tā bù jīngcháng qù gōngsī shàngbān. - He does not often go to work at the company.
经常 can serve as adjective. But 常常 cannot.
    他上班迟到是经常的事。 Tā shàngbān chídào shì jīngcháng de shì. - It is a common occurrence that he is late for work.

➐关于这个工作,还有什么问题吗?
关于 (guānyú) : about .
(1) About + topic: As an adverb/adverbial clause, it can only be placed at the beginning of the sentence.
    关于这次作业,你们有什么问题吗? Guānyú zhè cì zuòyè, nǐmen yǒu shé me wèntí ma? - Do you have any questions about this assignment?
(2) About ... 的 + noun: As an attributive modifier, it is placed before the noun phrase, and you should always add a 的.
    报纸上有很多关于这次比赛的报道 Bàozhǐ shàng yǒu hěnduō guānyú zhè cì bǐsài de bàodào. - There are a lot of reports about this competition in the newspaper.
(3) No "About": Some verbs in Chinese already contain meaning of "about". In English they seem to need "about" after verb.
    你们什么呢? Nǐmen liáo shénme ne? - What are you talking about?
    我来说说我的学校吧。 Wǒ lái shuō shuō wǒ de xuéxiào ba. - Let me talk about my school.




Source: HSK Standard Course 3 第十八 课 《我相信他们会同意的 I believe they will agree》


Exercise 练习

HSK3级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK3级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK3级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK3级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK3级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound